How to make a plumbing in the country with your own hands – from finding a source of moisture to heating it
In urban settings, when amenities are at hand, people give little thought to their value. But getting to the countryside and faced with a lack of water where it is vital, almost all summer residents decide to carry out a suburban water supply system. And if earlier it was enough to dig a well, today a country house can become as comfortable as a city apartment. From now on, you won’t have to carry water in buckets. The pump allows you to get water from any depth, and the pipe system will deliver life-giving moisture to the house and to the beds. It remains only to make a water supply in the country with your own hands.
Country water supply device
The country water supply system, which allows the summer resident to enjoy all the benefits of modern civilization, consists of the following equipment:
- pipeline with a set of fittings and taps;
- pump equipment;
- equipment for monitoring the pressure in the system;
- protected electrical system;
- filters for cleaning incoming water from the source;
- water heater.
The complexity of the water supply system in the country and the composition of the equipment included in it is influenced not only by the wishes and needs of the owner of the site, but also by the features of the relief, the existing or planned source of water and many other factors.
Centralized water supply
If there is a centralized water supply network with sufficient pressure near the site, then the arrangement of a water supply system in the country will not be difficult. The summer resident will have to carry out external and internal wiring of the pipeline and connect it to the highway. If the pressure is insufficient, you will need to purchase additional pumps or search for another source of water..
Mine well at their summer cottage
If the depth of water on the site does not exceed 10 meters, a well can be used as a source.
- The advantages of the design are the simplicity and relative cheapness of the source, the ability to independently service it.
- Lack of a well – limited water consumption.
Before running a water supply system in the country from a well, you need to find out exactly whether the amount of water given to them will be enough.
If the volume is sufficient, then at a depth of up to 8, you can install a relatively cheap and easy-to-maintain surface pump.
Source – water well
In areas where the groundwater is below 10 meters, the owner should better think about drilling a well. For the suburban water supply, the supply of which comes from a well, a submersible pump or a more powerful complex pumping station is purchased. And although this option turns out to be somewhat more expensive, the solution will pay off many times over, and the well will uninterruptedly supply the family for many years at any time of the year..
Depending on the depth of the source, water delivery is carried out using the following equipment:
- Surface pump used at a depth of less than 8 meters;
- Submersible pump that maintains a head at a depth of 20 meters;
- Modern pumping station.
Do-it-yourself seasonal water supply in the country
It is easier to make a summer water supply system, which can be used without unnecessary labor and problems in the midst of the garden season. This design can be collapsible or stationary..
In this case, the pipes or hoses can be laid in two ways:
- The water supply runs along the surface of the soil. The undoubted advantage of this solution can be considered a quick installation and subsequent dismantling at the end of the season. The disadvantage of the system is the risk of encountering frequent breakdowns.
When laying the pipeline, take into account the possibility of obtaining water at all points of the site, without experiencing problems with movement. The main purpose of such a suburban water supply system is to water the plants, therefore it is often performed from watering hoses, connecting them together with steel or plastic adapters. At the end of the season, the water is drained, the plumbing is dismantled, and the pump is removed.
- The pipes are laid in the ground at a shallow depth, while only cranes are brought to the surface. Such a suburban water supply system is more reliable, it does not interfere with the use of a suburban area, and if necessary, it can be quickly repaired or dismantled. In order for the water supply system in the country to serve for a long time, with the onset of cold weather, water must be drained from the pipes.
For this, during installation, a slight slope must be provided. A valve is provided at the lowest point so that the water does not break the pipeline when it freezes. Hoses are not used for underground installation. Plastic pipes will be appropriate here. Summer water supply trenches may not be more than 1 meter deep.
Features of the arrangement of the water supply system in the country in winter
If the water supply is supposed to be used not only in the summer, but also in the cold season, then its arrangement will have to be taken much more seriously. Such a water supply system in the country has a capital, operational scheme throughout the year and requires mandatory insulation from the source and practically to the boiler.
What is the best way to make a plumbing?
There are two decent options today:
- Polypropylene pipes. They are quite expensive and require a special soldering iron to mount them. But in this case, you can save on fittings. The joints are reliable and will not fail in any operating conditions.
- Polyethylene pipes. With a lower cost of the material itself, you will have to spend money when buying accessories for assembling the system. Joints can leak with temperature changes.
Metal pipelines are quite rare today due to their low corrosion resistance.
Video tips for choosing the right pipes:
So that the water supply system in the country house does not fail in winter due to freezing, it is insulated, for example, with the help of foamed polyethylene.
If you have to operate the water supply system in the country in winter, then you need to insulate not only the pipeline, but also the water source.
The well is insulated for the winter and, if possible, covered with falling snow. When installing a surface pump, be sure to equip an insulated pit for installing pumping equipment. For use in winter conditions, not only the water supply system is insulated, but also the sewage system, where the drain is connected.
Country water supply scheme
It is better if the laying of the water supply system is taken into account already at the design stage. But if this did not happen, you should not neglect all the necessary procedures. First, they take measurements of the terrain, mark the passage of future communications, clarify the need for water and carry out a drawing of the layout of pipes and mechanisms. Based on this, the need for equipment can be calculated and purchased. Preferred here is a durable plumbing made of polypropylene pipes, which can be easily attached to all surfaces and even sewn into the thickness of the walls without fear..
The scheme of the country water supply system must certainly take into account the necessary slope to the well or well.
In areas where the soil freezes significantly in winter, the pipeline is laid at least 20 cm below this level..
Installation of suburban water supply
First, they carry out all the earthwork, digging a trench from the source to the pipe entering the house. A submersible pump is lowered into a well or well, surface or mounted in the immediate vicinity of a source in an insulated depression, or, like a pumping station, is mounted in a residential building or other heated room.
Further, if necessary, the equipment monitoring the pressure in the system and the pump to the pipeline system are installed. Then the highway is led along the trench into the house and to other parsing points.
It is better to run a protected cable to power the pumping equipment and the battery. When installing both summer and winter suburban water supply systems, the safety of the electrical network is mandatory, therefore, one cannot do without sealed connectors and waterproof grounded sockets.
Before entering the water pipe into the house, an emergency shut-off device is installed. When the functioning of the country water supply system is checked, the trenches are buried and proceed to the arrangement of the pipeline inside the house.
Internal water supply
To use the water supply system as comfortable as possible, you cannot do without providing hot water supply. This can be achieved using electric or gas flow-through or storage-type devices. In suburban conditions, it is more reasonable to use an electric storage water heater, having previously calculated the family’s need and choosing a suitable tank capacity.
A plumbing made of polypropylene pipes, due to the high performance properties of this material, will not soon require repair. The pipes are easy to install, resistant to temperature extremes, and the joints do not lose their tightness even on frosty days.
If the installation of a boiler is planned in the suburban water supply system, then the installation is more correct to start with an expansion tank and water heating equipment.
When organizing a suburban water supply system, it is imperative to take care of the purity and safety of water. For this, a sample from the source must be submitted for analysis, according to the results of which a multi-stage filtration system is established..