Tiles for the kitchen on the floor: types, how to choose
The kitchen should be equally cozy for receiving guests, romantic evenings with loved ones and family dinners with relatives. Floor covering plays an important role in creating comfort. Tiles for the kitchen on the floor are an ideal option that meets such important criteria: resistance to mechanical damage, soundproofing, wear resistance, and aesthetic appearance. Each of these features is really important for the kitchen..
Types of tiles for the kitchen
To choose the right flooring, you should always take into account useful information, and before the purchase, not after it. Then you can be calm and confident in a successful repair. There are the following types of ceramic tiles:
It consists of special clay materials. The charge is transformed through compaction and shaping by means of high pressure. Pressed tiles are particularly durable and have a smooth surface.
Tile without enamel
This type implies a simple design and the absence of decorative elements in the form of a pattern. Such tiles look quite aesthetically pleasing due to their uniformity and uniform thickness..
This option will appeal to connoisseurs of gloss and color, which is clearly visible on the glazed surface. In addition, this type of tile is characterized by impermeability of pores, hardness and density..
Consists of a variety of certain types of clay, special dyes and flux. Possesses high resistance to chemical and mechanical stress.
Single firing, no glazed surface and a high pressing process are the main characteristics of Metlakh tiles. It is quite popular not only for its technical properties, but also for its elegant appearance..
Porcelain stoneware tiles
It is made from special spars, kaolin, quartz and pressed dough. This combination creates a homogeneous mass, good strength and a glass-like appearance..
Basis for laying tiles
This is a prerequisite that must be met in order to avoid defects in the form of unevenness and heterogeneity of the structure of the tiles for the kitchen..
Drywall is considered one of the most reliable and simple installation options. It does not require special alignment and is firmly attached to the floor. An equally good and frequent alternative can be old tiles (installation is done using special glue), plywood (requires special processing) and plaster (you can rely on it if the irregularities do not exceed 3 mm).
Pros and cons of floor tiles
Ceramic tiles, like any other floor surface, have their own advantages and disadvantages, which you need to know about before buying..
Advantages of tiles for the kitchen:
– Fire resistance. Special fire resistance allows you to be sure that there is additional protection against fire in a room where there is constant contact with fire.
– Resistance to chemical attack. This property can be divided into several distinct groups. For example, the value A is the maximum protection against various substances, and D is the absence of this guarantee..
– Low current conductivity.
– Water absorption. Most often it does not exceed 3-4%.
– Durability. The components are able to withstand a variety of attempts to reshape the tile. This is extremely important in the kitchen, where you can not on purpose break a plate or vase..
– Frost resistance.
– Stylish design and variety of colors / patterns.
The main, but minimal disadvantages of tiles in the kitchen include the higher cost (compared to other types of flooring), coldness and careful installation process. Despite this, you can easily get rid of the cold floor using the built-in heating system, and entrust the installation to trusted professionals..
How to choose the right tiles for the kitchen
Experts recommend to be especially attentive to some of the nuances that you should pay attention to when choosing a tile:
1. Picture on the package. A foot sign must be present – this means that the tiles are designed specifically for the floor.
2. The surface of the tiles. It should be completely uniform. The presence of any cracks and irregularities indicates a defective product..
3. Type of abrasion. This indicator is indicated in Latin letters. High grade is responsible for good wear resistance.
4. Calculation with a margin. The number of tiles should be 10-15% more.
5. Harmonious combination with the overall design. Tiles can perfectly complement the style of a room or create interesting contrasts against the background of a kitchen set..
6. Texture. The matte surface is perfect for a small kitchen, and the glazed surface is perfect for a large room..
7. Thickness. The optimum thickness is 9–12 mm. A thinner version will not be as durable, and dense tiles over 12 mm are ideal for utility rooms, but not for the kitchen..
8. Box marking. It indicates the type of tile in accordance with international standards. The highest quality – 1 grade, the lowest – 3.
9. A simple snowflake sign is responsible for frost resistance.
10. The foot, which is on the shaded background, means the high wear resistance of the material..
How to choose a tile grout color
This is one of the most important questions when choosing a floor covering. The color scheme can add up to the overall impression or complement it. One of the most popular and proven options is mosaic. She is able to create abstract elements, bright patterns or drawings. The color of the fugue and grout can merge, or it can contrast, highlighting or shading some elements with others. To get the effect of a solid coating, it is enough to create a grout that will match the shade of the tile (or 1-2 tones lighter); for fans of extravagance and brightness, surface zoning options using two or more colors are perfect. If you need to highlight each tile, you need to take a closer look at the grout in darker shades. The selection criterion should depend on the type of tile, its size, as well as the desired effect..
Tiles for the kitchen on the floor – photo
We have put together a collection of interesting photos of tiles in kitchen design that will show you how harmoniously, reliably and stylishly this proven flooring can look. Happy viewing!