Frame houses (90 photos): projects and ideas
Today you can often hear about the construction of frame houses – such buildings have become very popular. The birthplace of this technology is Germany, but it is most widespread on the North American continent. In our area, the advantage of frame houses was appreciated in the second half of the last century, and today their construction is rapidly developing. What is a “frame house” and what are its advantages? We will talk about this in this article, and also consider the best projects and ideas for arranging such structures..
What is a frame house
Frame houses have a special construction technology, which consists in the fact that first a strong skeleton is laid out of pre-processed strong beams or metal beams, which is then sheathed with walls made of plywood or OSB boards.
Since the structure is relatively light, it does not require the construction of a powerful foundation – lighter, less expensive structures are used. When the structure is ready, the most crucial stage of installing the racks begins, the formation of the strapping. Ceilings are formed at the same time. Then the time comes for sheathing the building from all sides with plywood, which is then sheathed with hydro and vapor barriers and insulated. At the final stage, finishing work is carried out.
A type of construction of frame houses is a frame-panel house, when the house is completely assembled in production, and then transported to a site with a foundation.
Based on the foregoing, we can highlight the main advantages of buildings, namely:
– Short construction time – a medium-sized house can be built in a few weeks;
– Relatively low cost of material and work;
– Lack of shrinkage period – unlike heavier buildings, for example, wooden ones, the house can be used from the first days of construction;
– Quick warm-up – if the insulation work is done correctly, the house will warm up quickly enough, while maintaining a comfortable microclimate;
– Durability – given the fact that during the production process all material is treated with special means, it is not prone to rotting and pesting insects;
– Environmental Safety.
Since the construction of a frame house is much cheaper than using other materials, this makes it possible for many sectors of society to have their own home..
Choosing the number of storeys
Frame houses can have from one to several floors. The choice of number of storeys depends on personal preferences and family needs. One-story buildings are favored by their low cost, the safety of moving children and elderly family members inside the house, since there are no stairs to the upper floors. Two- and three-storey buildings make it possible to get more usable living space, while saving the territory of the land plot. But such houses will require large expenses for paying for communications during operation, and the cost of construction will be much higher..
Modern frame houses with a basement or, as it is also called, a basement floor are quite popular. Such buildings have a higher level of strength, frost resistance, versatility. On the territory of the basement floor, you can place a boiler room, a sauna, a mini-gym, equip a laundry or storage rooms.
Ideas for the layout of frame houses
Every owner dreams that his future home will be reliable, comfortable and, of course, beautiful. To build a frame house, you can choose a standard project that will allow you to build a structure in a short time, without having to fiddle with permits and think over various little things. The disadvantage of such buildings is their uniformity. If you want the house to be different from the existing samples, you can draw up an individual project, where all the necessary premises will be provided. Next, we will show you some ideas on how to rationally plan housing so that it becomes as comfortable and modern as possible..
We build not up, but down
The maximum height of frame houses most often does not exceed three floors – you can build four, but you need to take into account that each subsequent floor will require considerable investment, which will also affect the design of a super-strong foundation.
The organization of a full-fledged basement in a two-story house will be the best solution. Thus, you can get additional living space and place everything here that is not available on the upper floors. If the relief permits, it is also possible to equip a basement with a workshop on the area of the underground floor..
Even at the planning stage, it is necessary to provide for all the engineering, technical and design nuances associated with the supply of communications, heat, waterproofing, ventilation, etc., so that the basement becomes truly functional.
Choosing the shape of the roof
Frame houses have two main types of roofs – pitched and gable. But, if you approach this issue creatively, you can get an original modern roof, which will also be endowed with certain functions. The multi-slope mansard roof looks very beautiful, as if forming waves at the top of the structure. In addition to being highly decorative, it also has other advantages. The mansard roof allows you to organize in its depths an additional living space with high ceilings and an original interior design due to the flatness of the walls. Another important plus – snow and other precipitation will not stagnate here..
Today, both in architecture and in interior design, the minimalist direction is gaining the greatest popularity. For a frame house built in this style, the most advantageous option would be a house with a flat roof. Although for us this form seems to be something new, unusual, in Western countries it is very popular..
What is its advantage? The main advantage is the ability to adapt its area to the needs of the family. If the territory of the local area is small, it is quite possible to organize a recreation area on a flat roof by installing sun loungers and other furniture, equip a sports field or a beautiful blooming garden. At the same time, the flat roof itself will look stylish and original, and the imperceptible slope, which is somehow present, will help to avoid the accumulation of precipitation.
Additional architectural elements
To make the house look really beautiful and at the same time meet the needs of the owners, you can supplement it with the following functional elements:
Bay windows – will make the exterior of the building more expressive. Most often, in the territories of such curly ledges, a dining or living area is organized. You can also arrange a glazed loggia or a spacious balcony;
Terraces are landscaped areas between the house and the green area. They can be open or closed. The presence of a terrace and its functionality must be thought out in advance. If there is a recreation area here, it is enough to arrange a roof or glaze over it, and for a stove or barbecue, it is necessary to provide a separate platform;
Garage – in a suburban environment is a necessary element. Placing it on the territory of the house will help to significantly save the area of the site, moreover, you can easily get into the room during bad weather. Often, garages are equipped in basements, but they can also be located on the ground floor, if everything is planned out in advance;
Balcony – being beautiful and functional, it can become a real decoration of the house. The choice of its design depends on the architecture of the house. A spacious balcony can be a great place for young people or elderly family members to relax, especially if a beautiful view of the surroundings opens up from its territory..
Finishing the facade of a frame house
An important issue on the way of building a frame house is the choice of raw materials for cladding, since not only a decorative indicator, but also a quality one depends on it. Among all existing materials, the most commonly used are:
– Facade plaster – has a neat appearance, low cost, but its service life does not exceed 5 years;
– Facade (clinker) tiles – they look very representative, durable, have a wide variety of surface shapes;
– Vinyl siding is the easiest to perform and, perhaps, the most economical option;
– Block house – a material that creates a visual effect, as if the house was built of wood (logs or beams);
-Painted facade board is a variant of finishing Finnish houses, where boards with a fleecy surface are used for better paint absorption. If the technology is maintained correctly, the material can withstand color for up to 12 years without re-staining.
– Recently, natural, artificial stone and brick have also begun to be used in the decoration of frame houses. A building with such facades looks solid, but the cost of the facing material and work is quite high..
Frame houses – photos and projects
Almost any design idea can be embodied in the frame; you just have to look at vivid examples of buildings by European architects. They can have various shapes, huge panoramic windows, all kinds of architectural elements that successfully emphasize well-chosen finishing materials. More information about ready-made projects of frame houses can be found in the photo gallery, which contains the best modern building options. Happy viewing!