Vertical gardening: 65 photos and ideas
Recently, vertical gardening has become widespread. Placing plants not in a horizontal, but in a vertical plane has its own aesthetic charms and many practical advantages, due to which it is widely used for decorating buildings on private plots, as well as decorating the interiors of apartments, offices, restaurants. In our article, we will look at various ways of organizing vertical landscaping structures in different conditions, and also figure out which plants are better to choose..
Vertical gardening in landscape design
On the territory of the local area, vertical flower beds perform a number of functions. They are able not only to decorate and diversify landscape design with their originality, but also to be of great benefit..
Firstly, the placement of such structures will help to save square meters of the local area. Climbing plants placed on pergolas and gazebos will conserve moisture levels and protect their owners in hot weather. If you place plants on the plane of the wall of the house, you can get an excellent additional shell, which not only hides all the existing flaws in the structure, but also creates a pleasant shadow, protecting the facade from overheating..
Vertical gardening is successfully used in the zoning of plots, acting as a hedge that can protect the territory from prying eyes, separate the territory of the recreation area, outbuildings, playgrounds, etc..
Depending on the purpose of the green fence, it can have its own characteristics. In landscape design, you can find such types of vertical gardening as:
Arches are identical to the location in the interior, arched ceilings on the site serve to indicate transitions from one zone to another. Most often, the arch frame is made of metal or wooden planks, but stone or brick can also be used. In this case, it is necessary to make an arch of sufficient height (at least 2.2 m) so that descending plants do not interfere with free movement;
Pergolas – primarily such structures acted as supporting structures for vineyards and came to our local areas from Mediterranean countries. Nowadays, they are enjoying great success, playing the role of protecting certain areas from the sun’s rays and simulating a tunnel around garden paths. Structurally, the pergola consists of successively located pillars or arched ceilings, interconnected by beams. Decorated with climbing plants, it has an excellent look and is not the last place in landscape design;
Green walls – this type of landscaping is formed on wooden hedges or stretched metal nets. It can also be posts with stretched chains or ropes, lattice canvases, densely wrapped in vegetation. These hedges are used to frame garden paths and separate areas;
Suspended structures are another common type of landscaping for walls and fences. Moreover, not only ordinary flower pots act as flowerpots, but also the most unexpected improvised means – bags, plastic bottles, cans, lampshades, etc. Such walls look quite original. You can also purchase ready-made phytomodules for planting low-growing plants;
Vertical flower beds are a beautiful decoration that deserves special attention. Such a composition can decorate a fence, a wall, or represent a pyramid of boxes of different sizes with undersized brightly flowering plants (marigolds, petunias, undersized asters, etc.).
One of the methods of vertical gardening is the arrangement of obelisks – high supports (pillars, trees), around which a climbing shrub plant grows. Such decorations are more common in city parks and squares than in private territories..
What plants to choose
To create a beautiful vertical composition, different plants are used that bloom in different periods – in this case, the beauty can be enjoyed for a long period. Plants can be climbing, ampelous, undersized. Conditionally curly representatives of the flora can be divided into two teams, namely:
Annuals – As a rule, have a long flowering period, but require annual replanting. These include bright nasturtium, unpretentious to care for, morning glory with original flowers in the form of a gramophone, liana-shaped climbing kobei, and sweet peas blooming until the very frost with a refined aroma;
Perennial – bloom quite abundantly, but require careful care and feeding. The most popular types of such plants in vertical gardening of sites are climbing roses and clematis, pleasing with their bright flowering, woodworm, characterized by abundant greenery, fast-growing girlish grapes with unusually variegated foliage and berries and, of course, the well-known ivy, which has many varieties.
Of the ampelous plants that can be planted in hanging pots, pots are often chosen for petunia, pelargonium, lobelia, etc..
Moss has become very popular in vertical gardening, and this applies to both outdoor and indoor phytowalls. It is completely undemanding to care for, has a long life span, and is hypoallergenic. Outdoor and indoor phytowalls can even be formed from vegetable crops and spicy plants, thereby not taking up space in the garden.
Vertical gardening in the interior
In apartments, vertical gardening has been gaining in popularity over the years. This is due both to the aesthetic appeal of phytowalls and to the ability to free window sills and balconies from flower pots that take up a lot of space. With the help of green panels, zoning is also carried out, placing them, as a rule, in recreation and eating areas, since green promotes better appetite and relaxation after a hard day..
Vertical phytowalls are able to provide an ecological environment in the house, which is important for the health of every person. They add coziness to the interior, create a favorable microclimate and psychological comfort..
Methods of vertical gardening in the apartment
The easiest way to create a phytowall is to place shelves along the wall, on which boxes with lush plants are installed. If the room does not have an empty wall, you can purchase special stands that are installed on the floor. There are also special phytomodules on sale, in which flower pots are located at a certain angle, which allows you to make the entire wall alive. Such designs are often used to decorate offices, cafes and other public places..
Just as in the design of the local area, hanging pots (pots) and other structures with ampelous plants are used in the apartment. A new-fashioned phenomenon is a panel of succulents. It looks quite unusual and beautiful, but making it with your own hands is not at all difficult. To do this, it is necessary to place pots with plants in a spacious box, gluing them with their bottoms with high quality. The space that forms between the containers can be decorated with straw, moss or burlap.
How to choose plants for the interior
In fact, the choice of plants for vertical composition in apartment conditions is very large and largely depends on the personal preferences of the owners. However, it should be taken into account that it is better to choose unpretentious crops that do not require bright lighting, or take care of the organization of high-quality lighting and automatic irrigation of phytowalls. The most popular cultures are:
– Chlorophytums, which have many varieties. They are not only magnificent and beautiful, but also capable of processing harmful substances that enter the air, therefore they are also useful;
– Philodendrons – evergreen perennials that grow rather quickly and are very fond of moisture;
– Ivy with a climbing stem, on which many leaves grow;
– Scindapsus – liana with decorative large leaves;
– Aspagarus is a rather lush plant that occupies a large volume. It has thin, flexible stems with needle-like leaves that create a weightless airy look;
– Tradescantia – has colorful bright foliage, hanging beautifully in the form of loops.
In the kitchen, you can arrange a vertical structure with a real mini-vegetable garden, where seedlings or spicy herbs will grow.
Vertical gardening – photo
We suggest continuing further acquaintance with various methods of vertical gardening in our gallery. Here you will find many photos of successful phytowall designs both in the territories of the adjoining plots and in the interiors. Happy viewing!