Do-it-yourself built-in wardrobe
When organizing a living space, it is very important to consider the issue of placing storage spaces. This is especially true for small rooms, the owners of which cannot afford to make a room with bulky dressers or an unlimited number of shelves. Moreover, modern furniture is not cheap. Today we will talk about how to make a built-in wardrobe with your own hands, thereby solving all the listed problems in one fell swoop.!
Advantages of the built-in wardrobe
Sliding wardrobes – storage space with a sliding door system. This seemingly small feature makes it functional, roomy, convenient and compact for small spaces..
The fact is that sliding doors save precious space, which is usually occupied by open partitions. They also provide convenient access to things, allow you to place shelves, hangers, drawers inside, which are combined in a comfortable sequence, without fear of violating the aesthetics..
In addition to practical properties, sliding wardrobes are a stylish element of the interior, which, if desired, can become either a bright accent due to design solutions, or “merge” with the wall decoration.
There are several types of wardrobes, depending on the location. Among them, built-in ones have a number of advantages. Firstly, due to their location in the niche, they practically do not take up space. Secondly, they allow you to create a holistic composition in the interior without violating the principle of practicality. Thirdly, it is quite easy to make them yourself, because the walls act as supporting partitions..
By creating a wardrobe with your own hands, you will not only save money and time, but also design furniture that is ideal specifically for your conditions, adjusting to the features of the walls, as well as the size of the niche.
Development of a wardrobe scheme
No idea can be realized without a well thought out plan. Before proceeding with the assembly of the wardrobe, it is necessary to decide what size it will be, what it includes and how it looks.
The dimensions of the future structure largely depend on the height of the ceilings and the area of the niche itself, in which the cabinet will be located. It should be rectangular, with an opening of about 70 cm – the shelves have about this depth, because with a higher indicator it will be difficult to get things. But these parts should be 10 cm narrower, taking into account the sliding doors.
Ideal when the wardrobe is mounted to the height of the ceilings. This is convenient, since you do not have to worry about the accumulation of dust at the top, and also allows you to accommodate the maximum amount of things with a minimum amount of space.
Taking into account the general measurements of the structure, it is necessary to decide on the doors. The width of each partition should not be more than 600 mm, otherwise a heavy element will put strong pressure on the rollers and skew may occur.
The overlap should be approximately 60 mm, at higher rates, access to things in the closet will be more difficult.
When designing the “filling” of a wardrobe, be guided by your needs: the number of things and their owners, as well as variety. Modern dressers have components for all kinds of items, from bedding to unnecessary electronics. For convenience, create a drawing by trying several options.
The filling of the wardrobe can be distributed according to a simple principle: outerwear – to the side, important small items – closer, valuable ones – in boxes, and dry clothes – higher. For example, moisture from a coat can transfer to other things, so it is better to place the hangers closer to the edge of the structure..
Bed linen should not be stored downstairs – dirt from the floor rises by about 40 cm, even in an enclosed space. The lower section needs to be filled with drawers or shoe nets. Estimate the approximate number of items in the closet in advance to plan the size of the compartments.
The development of the appearance of the wardrobe is the most interesting and creative stage for many. Here it should be borne in mind that we are talking about the design of door facades, since the beauty of the interior is not visible.
Focus on the style of the room. For example, the classics love noble patterns and carvings, but the modern style prefers laconic lines and non-standard solutions. With minimalism, you can use wall motives, hiding furniture from sight, and with a loft, not be afraid of experiments.
The beauty of the built-in wardrobe is that it can be an invisible or striking element of the interior. The facades with whole artistic compositions look original. But if the room does not have a large area, the mirror surface will help to visually expand the space..
Preparation: materials and parts
Materials play an important role in creating a built-in wardrobe with your own hands. Durability, strength and external properties of furniture depend on them..
Wood, although it is considered an excellent basis for a classic interior or Provence, is not suitable for interior filling of a sliding wardrobe. The fact is that the niche will have a higher level of humidity, which negatively affects natural materials. But if such an option is indispensable for a number of reasons, it is necessary to additionally process the base with special means..
The ideal choice is MDF or fiberboard. These species have all the positive properties of wood, while being more resistant to environmental influences. They are convenient to work with – they are easy to saw, mount, allow you to save not only money, but also energy. A little tip: it is recommended to purchase medium or high density fiberboard, since low is too unstable.
But it is better to refuse drywall – this is an impractical, heavy and fragile material that is definitely not suitable for shelves.
Next, you should determine what parts you need during assembly. Note that some items can be purchased ready-made: this applies to shelves or sliding doors. You can turn to a master who will make them according to all the rules, and only do the installation of the cabinet yourself. But other components will have to be purchased in any case – they are irreplaceable.
Such items include: roller mechanisms for doors and rails for drawers, screws, mounting pins, support elements, hanger bars. This list can be updated depending on your goals..
Assembling the wardrobe
After careful development of the wardrobe scheme and preparation, it’s time to move on to the most crucial moment – the installation of all parts.
Undoubtedly, the opening in which the cabinet body is installed must first be prepared for this. To prevent the walls from dusting, some people prefer to cover it with a layer of plywood or even paste over it with wallpaper. But there is also a more economical option..
To begin with, remove the old coating with a gel remover. It is completely safe for health. After that, it is necessary to impregnate the surface with a water-polymer solution of PVA. This process will take several days, since it is recommended to repeat the procedure several times, after waiting a day. Then we cover the partitions with acrylic enamel. Done – 10 Years Protection Guaranteed.
Time to fill the niche with storage spaces. Note that for a built-in cabinet, the options for fixing shelves as in cabinet furniture will be ineffective, since it is impossible to get to the sides from the outside. It is difficult to design a special frame on your own, but the use of adjustable suspension systems can save the situation..
Another convenient solution is to attach the storage units to the skirting boards that support the shelves from below. In general, having decided on the method, the installation of the internal components of the wardrobe will not cause problems.
Installation of the main feature of sliding wardrobes – sliding doors – is the most difficult stage of work. You have to install the role-playing mechanism in such a way that it copes with its functions perfectly, provides easy sliding, clear fixation, and also does not emit extraneous sounds.
It is necessary to decide on the choice of a suspension. There are three types: bottom rail, top and monorail.
In the first case, the lower part of the mechanism serves as a support, and the upper part prevents falling out. This is the most common and reliable form. Installation is carried out as follows: the upper and lower rails are installed in the groove, raised and adjusted to the stop.
In the second case, on the contrary – the support goes to the upper part. Thus, the mechanism does not collect so much dust, does not emit extraneous sounds. But if handled carelessly, the parts can be easily damaged..
The third option is a carriage with two pairs of rollers. In this case, the suspension of each sash moves to another guide.
Doors are installed in the suspensions, they are checked for operability – and that’s it, the built-in wardrobe is ready!