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Water-based paint for walls and ceilings: features, how to choose, how to apply

Water-based paint for walls and ceilings: features, how to choose, how to apply

Painting work is a must for almost any renovation. Finishing with water-based paint is very popular. This is due to its excellent performance along with an affordable price. The modern market of finishing materials abounds in a huge selection. We offer to study together the qualities of this coating and choose suitable options..

Key features

The paint is easy to use, it is an excellent alternative to many materials for wall and ceiling decoration. The emulsion has a number of advantages:

– Dries quickly compared to other types of paint;

– Very safe and harmless material. The mixture is created without the use of harmful substances, therefore it is used even in hospitals and premises for children;

– The paint is devoid of a pungent odor. A freshly painted room emits a certain aroma that does not irritate the sense of smell and is completely evaporated from the room within a few weeks;

– The composition is really versatile – suitable for painting living rooms, bathrooms and kitchens;

– Painting takes place without much effort, this finishing material fits evenly and well on various surfaces. The tool is perfectly cleaned, unlike oil paints.

Of the main disadvantages, one can single out only the need to adhere to a certain temperature when carrying out painting work. For water-based paint, it should not fall below + 5C, otherwise the layers will not lay evenly or the paint will peel off.

Water based paint - Features Water based paint - Features

Technical characteristics of water-based paint

The coating has specific characteristics that should be considered when choosing a finishing material.

1. Features of the composition. The paint consists of a group of antiseptics, latex, thickener and a certain filler.

2. Very viscous material. The indicator depends on the required amount of water to obtain the correct mixture..

3. Dries quickly enough. At the right room temperature, paint dries in just 2-12 hours. Ideal conditions – 20 degrees Celsius and about 60% humidity.

Water based paint - Specifications Water based paint - Specifications

Types of water-based paint

The paint is presented in several forms, each of which has its own characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Let’s talk about them in more detail.

Acrylic water-based paint. The most popular type of emulsion based on acrylic resins. Often the composition is supplemented with latex. Such paints do an excellent job with wet cleaning..

A couple of coats of this type of paint can hide small bumps or cracks. The area of ​​application of such a finish is great – wood, brick or concrete, glass and even metal (but with a preliminary primer).

Silicone water-based paint. Almost completely similar to the previous version, but in this case, silicone resin is used as a base.

This type is more expensive than acrylic counterparts, which is explained by the excellent compatibility with mineral surfaces, as well as the fact that this paint hides more noticeable defects. This is a completely vapor-proof coating that is absolutely not afraid of various fungi..

Silicate water-based paint. Produced on the basis of an aqueous solution and liquid glass with the addition of special pigments. The main qualities for which this option is appreciated are high resistance to weathering, vapor and air permeability..

Mineral water-based paint. The composition is based on cement or hydrated lime. Recommended for painting concrete or brick, but also for other building materials. Despite the many advantages, the service life of this type is poor..

Water based paint - Types Water based paint - Types

How to choose a water-based paint

Have you decided on a water-based paint for your walls or ceilings? In this case, you need to competently approach her choice..

1. Do not rely entirely on sales assistants, because their main goal is to sell the product. The rule “the more expensive the paint, the better” does not work in every case. A separate paint mixture has its own specific tasks..

2. An alternative name for this type of paint is water dispersion paint. Therefore, do not miss the cans with the inscription “VD”.

3. Before buying, read the name and instructions, from which you can get many statements – consumption, how much it dries and other characteristics. This information will not be superfluous.

4. Do not try to save too much on painting material, as the market is filled with fakes.

5. High-quality water-based paint is always snow-white. Special pigment mixtures, which are purchased separately, will help to add color to her..

How to choose a water-based paint

How to match the color

As you already know, the emulsion coating is always white. Several methods are used to add color. You can color it using a special apparatus or manually. Coloring service is provided at many points of sale. All you need to do is choose the right paint and the desired pigment. Next, the specialist will mix the mixture, and it will acquire the required shade..

If you have not found a suitable store where you will be provided with this service or decided to do everything yourself, then the algorithm is quite simple. Purchase a color pigment and mix it with the base using a building mixer. This is done as follows: in a small container, the paint is mixed with the pigment and gradually added to the main jar. Such actions will help to achieve perfect and uniform color..

Test the mixture on a small and inconspicuous area before applying directly to the wall. Let it dry completely and see the result. This will give you an idea of ​​what the tone actually looks like, since the mixture is much brighter and richer in liquid form. Be sure to consider how much material you need to prepare for painting the entire required area, it is quite difficult to achieve the same shade, and this requires experience.

Water based paint - How to choose a color Water based paint - How to match the color

Preparing the walls

In order for the paint to lay down streak-free and evenly, you need to prepare the walls. For this, plaster, primer and putty are used with the use of special finishing materials. Before painting, the walls must be dry, even and firm. This is the key to the correct base for the emulsion..

Completely inspect the surface to be painted. If cracks or irregularities are found on it, it is allowed to cover them up using alabaster. Traces of grease or mold are removed with an acidic or alkaline solution. This type of paint is not applied to previously painted, oily or varnished surfaces, as well as to synthetic materials. Therefore, if the surface was painted or covered with wallpaper, then you need to completely clean it..

Level a wall with significant differences (from 2 cm or more) with plaster, but if they are less, then putty is used. After this type of work, the wall must be sanded, and the dust is removed using a vacuum cleaner or wet cleaning. The plastered area must dry for at least 3-4 weeks, otherwise the water-based paint will not cover it evenly, and you will not get the desired result.

After completing the preparatory procedures, proceed to the priming work. They significantly reduce the consumption of the dye mixture, and also improve the uniformity of the applied paint. Do not forget about the time for the walls to dry completely..

If the surface has already succumbed to finishing, then it is not necessary to prime it. Instead, a first coat of paint diluted with water is applied..

The above preparatory work allows you to apply the paint evenly, beautifully and correctly..

Water based paint - Wall preparation Water based paint - Wall preparation

How to apply water based paint

To apply this type of painting material, rollers, brushes and sponges are used. Each of these painting tools has its own purpose and useful properties:

– The paint roller can be applied evenly to walls and ceilings. For water-based paint, choose a medium or long pile, but it should be soft;

– It is convenient to paint over corners and hard-to-reach areas with a brush;

– The sponge gives an unusual texture.

For convenience, we will divide the application process into the following stages:

1. Use a paint tray – it is much more convenient and saves material. Pour in a little paint. Run a brush around the perimeter, and roll the rest of the parts with a roller;

2. To improve the quality of the ink application, soak the roller, and then run it over the cardboard or paper. This will distribute it evenly over the pile;

3. Start painting from top to bottom. Thanks to this path, you can correct dripping drops in the process;

4. If the surface of the wall or ceiling is covered with finishing plaster, then apply a couple of coats, as the plaster absorbs paint. Additional layers will make the color fresher and richer;

5. No need to try to apply the paint abundantly instead of several layers – this will not allow you to achieve the desired result, but will only aggravate the situation. Better to spend more time on 2-3 layers;

6. New layers are applied only after the previous one has completely dried. Fortunately, this type of finish dries quickly. Keep layers away from dust and debris.

Painting work using an emulsion is a fairly simple task that does not require professional skills. The main thing is to choose the right paint that will suit the room and environmental conditions. Do not try to do it quickly, do it carefully, and the result will undoubtedly please you!

How to apply water-based paint How to apply water based paint How to apply water-based paint How to apply water based paint

Water-based paint in the interior – photo

We have collected many beautiful and unusual examples of the use of this type of finishing material. Now that you are familiar with its features, qualities and characteristics, it will be much easier for you to understand this huge variety of design solutions..

Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo Water-based paint in the interior - photo

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