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Asparagus (80 photos): types and care

Asparagus (80 photos): types and care

Once asparagus served as a worthy decoration of many interiors of apartments and offices. Over time, he was undeservedly forgotten, and only a few years later he again became a welcome representative of the flora. It is quite often used by florists when creating winter gardens; some varieties are grown outdoors, decorating courtyards and terraces. There are also edible varieties of the plant called asparagus and are eaten in various forms. The entire variety of perennials is represented by lianas, shrubs and herbs. Consider how to grow such beauty at home and how to properly care for it!

Main types

Currently, more than two hundred species of asparagus are known, differing in their decorative properties. This makes it possible to create excellent flower arrangements, stunning vertical phytowalls or decorate the interior with single graceful specimens. Of all the variety, a number of perennials can be distinguished that are most suitable for home cultivation..

Asparagus pinnate

The homeland of this plant is the tropical forests of Africa, which explains its external similarity with a fern. This is a fairly branched shrub, which in natural conditions is capable of blooming with small white flowers. In an apartment environment, flowering is not observed, but the stunning decorative foliage fully compensates for this disadvantage..

Asparagus pinnate

Asparagus asparagus

The stems of this North African species are capable of reaching three meters in length. This beautiful climbing perennial has a number of varieties suitable for growing not only in an apartment environment, but also in the open field. In particular, asparagus “Edible”, the shoots of which are eaten both fresh and for the preparation of various dishes. The plant contains a large complex of vitamins and minerals.

Asparagus asparagus

Asparagus crescent

The perennial has lignified thorny stems, which in their natural habitat can reach incredible lengths of up to 15 m, so this type of asparagus is classified as a lianoid. At home, the length of the shoots does not exceed 4 m.This species blooms with small milk-cream flowers, collected in inflorescences.

Asparagus crescent

Asparagus Sprenger

This specimen has a second name “Asparagus Ethiopian” and belongs to the category of evergreen creeping perennials. It is distinguished by its excellent aromatic flowering when blooming white or pink small buds, as well as the presence of rounded red fruits.

Asparagus Sprenger

Proper care of asparagus

This tropical plant cannot be classified as particularly demanding, but it is necessary to care for it. To a greater extent, this applies to irrigation, since an increased or decreased level of soil moisture can lead to all sorts of diseases and death. It is also necessary to observe the temperature regime and regularly feed the culture..


Asparagus simply needs bright diffused lighting, without which the synthesis processes will be suspended. With its lack, yellow foliage and poor growth can be observed. In this case, it will save the movement of the flowerpot to the sunny side, without long exposure to direct sunlight (tulle or blinds are well suited for protection).

Asparagus - Lighting Asparagus - Lighting


The most acceptable temperature regime is + 18 … + 22C. In conditions when the thermometer rises higher, and the air humidity is high enough, the plant can get sick, the leaves turn yellow and crumble. In winter, asparagus can withstand temperatures down to + 6 ° … + 8C.

Asparagus - Temperature Asparagus - Temperature


Asparagus does not tolerate dry air, therefore it needs periodic spraying. In the summer, this procedure is carried out twice a day. You need to spray with settled water at room temperature. It is necessary to get rid of the water remaining in the pan after watering in order to prevent root rot. A favorable condition for the plant becomes being in the vicinity of other crops or even in the same container, where there is an atmosphere with high humidity..

Asparagus - Humidity Asparagus - Humidity


The regularity of watering depends on the season. In the summer, you can water it a couple of times a week (in case of severe drought – 3 times). In winter, once a week is enough, while it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. If the room is cool enough, watering can be reduced..

Asparagus - Watering Asparagus - Watering

Fertilizers and feeding

Fertilizers are applied to the soil all year round. In the spring-summer period, asparagus needs to be fed every week, and with the onset of autumn, the frequency doubles – fertilizers need to be applied twice in 7-8 days. In winter, feeding is reduced to once a month..

Mineral universal compositions for indoor plants are used as fertilizers. Organic additives – infusion of mullein (1 tablespoon / 1 liter of water) or poultry droppings (1 tsp / 1 liter of water) – will become a real “delicacy” for asparagus. Periodic feeding with organic matter will make the plant luxurious and improve the quality of the soil, turning it into a light, loose, breathable.

Asparagus - Fertilizers and feeding Asparagus - Fertilizers and feeding

Pests and diseases

The main cause of the disease of this representative of the flora is improper care. Increased or decreased soil moisture, accompanied by a violation of the temperature regime, often leads to yellowing and falling of leaves, rotting of the root system. The way out of the situation will be to create a favorable microclimate.

Often, yellowing of asparagus can be observed in winter, when the daylight hours are much less than in summer. In addition, heating devices create too hot conditions. To avoid yellowing, it is necessary to organize additional illumination in winter using fluorescent, LED or phytolamps..

Pests can also cause great damage to asparagus, the most dangerous of which are spider mites and scale insects. The presence of a tick can be recognized by the appearance of yellow and brown spots, thin cobwebs on the foliage. This insect feeds on the sap of the plant, as a result of which it may die. It will require treatment with chemical preparations (Fitoverm, Vermitic) not only of this flowerpot, but also of the neighboring ones, since the tick easily migrates through the air.

Yellowish and brown wax droplets on the leaves indicate the presence of a scale insect, which also feeds on the plant’s cell sap. You can get rid of it by watering the soil and spraying the flowerpot with Aktara.

Asparagus - Pests and Diseases Asparagus - Pests and Diseases

How to transplant asparagus

Asparagus rhizome develops rather quickly, increasing in size, so it must be replanted annually. This should be done in early spring. The rhizome must be carefully removed from the pot, shake off the remaining soil, cut off old shoots and roots. It is necessary to transplant into a larger container (a cramped flowerpot can burst under the pressure of a growing root).

The soil for planting can be purchased ready-made in the store, or you can make the mixture yourself by combining leaf, turf soil and sand in equal proportions. Drainage from pebbles or expanded clay must be laid at the bottom of the pot. Having poured part of the soil, the plant must be planted in a pot, sprinkled with the remaining soil and watered.

How to transplant asparagus

Reproduction at home

There are three known methods of culture propagation – planting seeds for seedlings, cuttings and dividing the bush. Since flower growers have not come to a common opinion which one is more reliable, we will consider each separately..

Propagation of asparagus by seeds

Planting material can be purchased at the store or collected by yourself when the asparagus has faded and small berries appear. It is better to store seeds in a dry place. You can sow at any time of the year, but given the fact that young sprouts need a lot of light, it is better to carry out the procedure in the spring, saving on additional lighting. Pour the soil mixed with fertilizer into a small container. To protect seedlings from pests and diseases, the soil should be thoroughly warmed up before backfilling, and the seeds should be treated with potassium permanganate.

Asparagus seeds are planted in the soil at a distance of several centimeters from each other and lightly sprinkled. The container must be covered with glass or film (plastic bag) and placed in a warm place with an air temperature of + 21 … + 23C. Regularly you need to ventilate and spray the garden using settled water.

The first shoots will sprout in a month. When their height reaches about 10 cm, you can dive into small containers. After another 3-4 months, the plants are transplanted into permanent pots filled with drainage and nutrient soil..

Propagation of asparagus by seeds Propagation of asparagus by seeds

Reproduction of asparagus by fission

Some growers consider this method to be the simplest. The only difficulty is to carry out the separation carefully, without injuring the rhizome. Each resulting bush must be shaken off the old soil, inspected well and, if necessary, removed damaged stems. The bunch is planted in moistened soil with fertilizer. It is better to place the flowerpot for the first time in a cool (with temperatures up to + 15C), slightly darkened place and water it regularly. After a month, you can transfer it to a permanent place of residence..

Reproduction of asparagus by fission Reproduction of asparagus by fission

Propagation of asparagus by cuttings

This method is considered the most difficult, since the planting material does not always take root. In fact, you can also get a new plant from cuttings if you follow some rules, namely:

1) When cutting the material, use an exceptionally sharp knife, since, working with scissors, you can squeeze the cut point, and the cutting will begin to rot;

2) Cut last year’s shoots no more than 15 cm long, leaving several leaves on them;

3) Treat the roots with a growth stimulant.

The right time to prepare the material is from July to February. It is also important to choose the right soil, which should include peat, wet sand and perlite. Cuttings are best planted in plastic cups (you can observe the development of the root) or small pots. The planted shoots are buried in and covered with a bag to create greenhouse conditions. Next, you need to ventilate and spray the planting daily. A month later, when the roots appear, the plant is transplanted into a permanent container..

Propagation of asparagus by cuttings Propagation of asparagus by cuttings

Asparagus – photo

The excellent decorative characteristics of asparagus, giving it the appearance of a light lace, make it possible to decorate any interior with dignity. The plant is perfect for placement in apartments, terraces, balconies, design of cascading and vertical compositions, as well as drawing up flower bouquets. You can visually familiarize yourself with a wide variety of species, evaluate their beauty and elegance in the pictures presented in the photo gallery of the article. Happy viewing!

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