Mulch – a “blanket” for the garden
In early spring, as soon as the snow melts, the wind carries away with it every day up to 60 tons of moisture from each hectare of the area of the site. If in the fall you dug a garden, then in the spring the weathering of the soil increases significantly. To reduce moisture loss, it is necessary to loosen the surface layer with a rake.
The supply of spring moisture is critical to the harvest. Its deficiency is not compensated by watering and spring rains..
Problems with soil drying can be avoided by sowing green manures in the garden in the fall. They perfectly trap snow in winter, and in spring they retain moisture..
It is best to cover the garden with a “blanket” – mulch.
What is mulch
Mulch is all you can use to cover the soil. For example, green manure, mown grass, coniferous needles, fallen leaves, sawdust, all kinds of cake and so on. You can also use newspapers, cardboard, black agrofibre.
Soil mulching has several advantages:
- moisture retention;
- suppression of weeds;
- preventing the spread of fungal diseases;
- nutrition of microorganisms;
- organic soil enrichment.
All other things being equal, mulched plants develop much better than those that are not covered by anything..
Why do you need mulch
Let’s analyze the benefits of mulching plants in more detail.
When the soil is covered with such a “blanket”, evaporation and weathering is difficult. Thanks to the mulch layer, condensation of water vapor from the air occurs, and dew falls. After rain or watering, the soil under the mulch remains wet for a very long time..
You can close the drip tape with mulch and it will work much more efficiently..
It is necessary to monitor the germination of weeds, weed it periodically and constantly add mulch, since over time the thickness of its layer decreases, and it is easier for weeds to break through it.
The mulch layer must be more than 10 cm.
Preventing the spread of disease
The mulching layer becomes an obstacle to diseases, preventing the spread of phytophthora, mildew, mildew, oidium and other fungi spores. Hay sticks and Trichoderma quickly grow under the mulch. The causative agents of common fungal diseases are not at all “friendly” with them..
The biological activity of the soil increases rapidly under the mulch. Organic mulch residues are excellent food for all kinds of soil inhabitants, from fungi and bacteria to earthworms. They turn mulch into humus. Plants are well nourished and thrive very well.
Enrichment of soil with organic matter
Organic mulch compensates for the removal of nutrients, micro and macro elements from the soil with the harvest. It is rich in carbon compounds, which is a “building material” for plants. Fertility increases every year with a simultaneous increase in yield.
Add EM bokashi or preparations with beneficial microorganisms under the mulch. This will start the dynamic fertility process..
Tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, carrots, onions, all shrubs and tree trunks are mulched. Potatoes grow great under straw. Strawberry in English strawberry, which means “straw berry”.
Video on the use of mulch in the garden