Stairs to the second floor: 70 photos and ideas
Today’s tendencies towards rational use of the territory, more than ever, are prompting to build houses not in “width”, but in “height”. This applies to private buildings, but even apartment residents are trying to organize a multi-level layout, thereby expanding the usable area. To combine the upper and lower spaces, it becomes necessary to erect a staircase to the second floor, on the features of the choice of which we will dwell in more detail.
Varieties of stairs by design
When designing a staircase, first of all, you will have to focus not on design, but on the area of \ u200b \ u200bthe room in order to choose the ideal product in terms of design and size. There are two main types:
A common variant of ladders designed taking into account the biomechanics of movement and providing comfortable, safe movement. They consist of marches with 3 to 15 steps. If the maximum number is not enough, the height is divided into two openings, between which a small platform or winder steps are installed. Such structures are already called two-march.
Marching stairs vary in shape and are straight, pivoting (L-shaped or U-shaped) or curved. When determining this parameter, it is necessary to rely on the area of the room, the height of the ceilings, the location of the second floor.
By the type of supporting structure, two types of marching products are distinguished: on kosoura and bowstrings. In the first case, the steps are laid on top of the beam, and in the second, special grooves are made on the inside of the supporting element.
You will also have to choose the type of steps. Parts with risers look more massive and fit perfectly into a classic interior, while those without them are suitable for a modern home due to their lightweight design..
In general, marching stairs are presented in a wide range, and even for small sizes, you can choose a suitable copy or combine it with other items..
The principle of such structures is very simple: steps are attached to the installed rod, which spiral upward. They do not take up extra space and are compact enough.
The main reason why spiral staircases are inferior to mid-flight ones is the difficulty in moving due to the lack of solid support. It is not recommended to install such a copy in a house where children or elderly people live. The following parameters are considered optimal: the central width of the steps should be at least 20 cm, and the widest part should not be more than 40 cm.
In other cases, spiral staircases can be considered an excellent option for both modern and classic styles. Due to their spiral shape, they become a key element of the interior, and products of various shapes – from square to octagonal – will help diversify the design..
Stairs on the bolts
It will not work to install a staircase of this type in the center of the room – it is supported by a load-bearing wall, to which the steps are attached with bolts (bolts). Collected in one system, they form a single bearing element, which gives the structure a light, almost weightless look, thanks to which it is often used in modern interiors.
Despite the visual fragility, the products are capable of withstanding from 500 to 1100 kg, depending on the material and manufacturer. In addition, the bolts allow you to adjust the height of the steps after installation..
Popular are staircases with railings, which take some of the load onto themselves. Experiment with base, shape and lighting to create a unique option for your home.
Choosing material for the stairs
Ladders are made from different materials that give them certain aesthetic and practical properties..
Imagining a staircase in a house immediately creates the image of a solid wooden structure with curly railings and a beautiful deep texture. It can be luxurious wenge, oak or minimalist wood of simple species. Ash, walnut, beech are considered the best options, but pine is not strong enough to withstand the required load. The varnish coating will protect against the negative effects of the environment, but it will have to be regularly updated.
Such material is suitable for any designs, but it looks most organically as marching products. For country or American style, such a solution is irreplaceable..
Metal structures will serve you for half a century, retaining their original, neat appearance. To do this, choose stainless steel specimens that do not lend themselves to corrosion, since chrome-plated or painted options have a limited service life – no more than 6-7 years.
The plasticity of the base allows you to give the stairs and its parts any shape. Metal is often combined with other materials such as wood, glass, concrete. It makes graceful forged handrails..
Unlike more natural materials, concrete does not have lightness or sophistication, in its pure form it is unlikely to fit into a classic interior, but instead gives a sense of solidity and integrity..
Such structures are quite reliable, can withstand high loads and do not deteriorate over time. Unfortunately, it is difficult to install them on your own, but the cheapness of raw materials covers this disadvantage..
An important advantage of concrete stairs is the ability to decorate them with stone, wood or even tiles. The unique rough texture will be invisible, but you will get an aesthetic design at an affordable cost.
Marble has an amazing deep texture, but as a stair cover it wears out quickly, literally after a few years. Granite or quartzite have opposite properties. Much cheaper artificial counterparts also do an excellent job of their role..
Stone stairs are often combined with metal handrails, and adjusting the decor can fit them into many styles.
If the first place comes to design, which does not require ten years of serviceable “service”, glass structures have no competitors. Steps are made of this material, which are attached to bolts or used on spiral staircases. It harmoniously acts in tandem with metal, which enhances the gloss effect and gives reliability to such a fragile product.
Indeed, glass stairs can be damaged by a strong impact, but even if it is absent, noticeable scratches appear on the surface over time. For greater strength, it is better to choose hardened or laminated varieties. Acrylic glass is considered the most reliable, but tends to darken over time..
Styles and design
Due to their shape, staircases often stand out among the interior ensemble, while remaining an organic part of it. To do this, when developing a design, it is necessary to focus on the main stylistics of the premises..
Stairs in a modern style
Modern aesthetics love conciseness and restraint, using practical materials, combining them to create a more sophisticated look. Preference is given to clean geometric shapes, lines, flat surfaces.
The style works with the peculiarities of the space, so the type of construction of the stairs can be any, the main thing is that it looks favorably in the interior.
Classic style stairs
As mentioned above, the classics are characterized by the use of three materials: wood, metal and decorative stone, among which the first is clearly in the lead. Initially, you need to choose rooms with a large area, since here even the staircase has a massive appearance.
Often these are marching products on kosoura or bowstrings with closed risers, divided into several spans and fenced with strong railings, not rarely – with a characteristic carving.
Loft style stairs
Concrete stairs to the second floor harmoniously interact with the style of the loft, emphasizing its industrial character. However, other basics will also look appropriate..
The ladder should be as simple as possible to ensure comfortable movement. Since the loft interior, according to the rules, is located on large areas, you do not need to worry about the size of the structure..
It is desirable that stairs in the style of minimalism attract as little attention to themselves as possible. Ideally, they should fit into the overall volume of the room, forming a single functional whole with it..
Means of expressiveness are minimized: the texture of the material, smooth lines, natural colors. An excellent solution – steps on the bolts.
Art Deco stairs
Elegant and multifaceted Art Deco seeks to emphasize its “status” in all details – from the base of the stairs to the railings. The latter can repeat complex, intertwining patterns inspired by floral imagery..
Marching stairs will look monumental and noble, spiral, due to their spiral shape, in themselves correspond to the Art Deco style, but bolt fixings will seem too simple.
Where to post: basic rules
Installing stairs to the second floor is an overly individual process that depends on the size, layout and height of the ceilings in your space..
The most popular place for stairs remains the hallway, especially in spacious mansions. Thus, entering the house, you immediately get access to all rooms without wandering the corridors..
The second most popular place to place the lift is the living room. This is convenient for buildings with a medium size, if the second floor leads to a private area, for example, a bedroom. In the hall, combined with the kitchen, the staircase can be used for zoning.
How to arrange the space under the stairs?
To somehow compensate for the impressive dimensions of the staircase, it can be combined with another functional item using empty space. This applies to marching structures located next to the wall. The construction of such products is more complicated, requires detailed measurements and careful planning, but the final result will allow you to maximize every square meter of the room..
The understairs area can serve as a frame for cabinets. The solution is relevant in the hall (storage of clothes and shoes) or in the living room (for a home library and household items).
The staircase can be organized in the form of a wall in the living room, along the protruding parts of which you can move around the floors.
Connoisseurs of quality drinks can arrange a large collection of wines by fencing it with glass doors and installing lighting.
In the resulting niche, you can put a small sofa, arrange a cozy place for rest and privacy, and install shelves on the side walls.
The space under the stairs is suitable for creating a separate room – a pantry, study or mini-workshop. Any child will be delighted with such a secluded children’s playroom..
Using these ideas will allow you to take a different look at the stairs in the house, which will turn from a bulky object into a functional solution..
Design of stairs to the second floor – photo
It is difficult not to notice the staircase even in the most spacious interior, which is why so much attention is paid to its design. You can find even more varied shapes, decor options and layouts in our photo selection. Happy viewing!