Daylily (65 photos): types and care
Daylily is a beautiful ornamental plant that feels good and comfortable in almost any conditions. It is a herbaceous perennial with variegated colorful inflorescences. The flowering period of each flower is only one day, so the original name of the daylily is hemerocallis, which literally translates as “beauty for a day.” In everyday life, the bright plant was called the flower of joy. There is still a legend that touching the daylily relieves sorrows and brings good luck..
The daylily is not only beautiful, but also unpretentious. He loves the sun and moisture, but easily tolerates the vagaries of the weather, cold winters, frost and wind.
It blooms for about a month, but the timing is different for different species. Basically, this is from April to June. Some varieties can bloom several times a season. The fragrance is delicate and subtle, with subtle notes of sandalwood. The number of buds on a peduncle is about fifty. In order for the flowerbed to always remain bright, it is better to plant different types next to each other..
There are several dozen varieties of daylily in the world. They differ in appearance, structure, growth characteristics, shapes of petals and inflorescences. In gardens and flower beds, the most decorative species with lush buds are used. Individual bushes with proper care can grow up to 15 years.
Daylilies are classified according to different criteria:
By the height of the peduncle. These are low (30 cm), medium (30-60 cm), relatively high (60-90 cm) and high (from 90 cm).
By flowering period. In addition to long-flowering daylilies, there are also day and night ones. The first bloom in the morning and last until the evening, the second bloom at night and wither until lunchtime.
By flowering time. Early varieties open by June, mid-July – mid-early, by mid-August – just medium, after that – mid-late, and by early September late species bloom.
By type of vegetation. Sleepers are ideal for cold winters. At this time, their development freezes, and with the arrival of heat, it resumes again with renewed vigor. Evergreens retain their leaves even in winter and come to life with each warming, but in mid-latitudes they do not take root well due to changeable weather conditions. Semi-evergreens depend on the climate – in cold climatic zones they behave like dormant varieties, and in warm regions they rather resemble evergreens.
By origin. Species are classic natural varieties. For example, brown, lemon and yellow. They begin to bloom in May. Varietals are bred by breeders. They are colorful and decorative hybrids with medium to late flowering..
Interesting decorative varieties include:
– Large red-pink Dragon’s Eye with a flower up to 10 cm in diameter;
– Romantic lilac medium Romantic Rose with a large flower up to 17 cm;
– Graceful and elegant Ivory Arctic Snow;
– Ruffled lavender Edge of Darkness with a dark violet middle;
– Dark lilac-wine aromatic Forgotten Dreams;
– Terry bright orange Three Tiers;
– Lavender with pink Light Years Away with a golden border;
– Contrasting creamy Canadian Border Patrol with a dark eye;
– Inherited Wealth Corrugated Peach with original bubbly edges;
– Graceful silver lavender Royal Braid;
– Bright Wine Summer Wine;
– Dramatic Wild Horses cream shade with a large contrasting center;
– Corrugated Fire Red Calgary;
– Bright and juicy orange Tiger;
– Big and aromatic Night Embers.
For planting, nutritious garden soil is used. A perennial plant requires prepared and enriched soil. But it is important not to overdo it, otherwise the bush will actively grow, but not bloom. It is also advisable to avoid heavy clay soil and areas where groundwater is constantly stagnant. Such conditions are poorly tolerated by the rhizome. Good drainage or a raised flower bed can save.
The daylily needs sun and space, because over time, a perennial bush can grow up to 80 cm in diameter. Give potassium and phosphorus periodically. Needles, peat, sawdust, wood chips are suitable for mulching. Fertilizers can be dispensed with during the first year.
Do not water the daylily from above. It is best to moisten the soil with a hose down to keep the flowers and leaves dry. In the spring, nitrogen is introduced into the soil. Feeding with phosphorus and potassium is needed before and immediately after flowering. To protect the plant from frost, cover it for the winter with spruce branches, dry leaves or straw.
Transplant and reproduction
Daylily reproduces in the classical way: by seeds or vegetatively. But the seeds are only used by breeders. With such a planting, only natural species retain their characteristics. The farm has more than enough vegetative reproduction.
Dividing the bush. Mature bushes are divided into parts in the spring. The first green leaves after winter appear immediately after the snow melts. As soon as they grow, the daylily needs to be divided. If you tighten it too much, then the bush will bloom only the next year. It is even easier with mature 5-year-old plants. They can be dug out completely and divided into 2-3 parts, keeping a fragment of the rhizome for each. Loose varieties can be divided by hand, while others use garden tools..
Division of old bushes. Bushes over 10 years old have young roots only in young peripheral branches, therefore only such delenki take root well. The central part will first have to be prepared: thin out and shorten the rhizome in order to stimulate its growth again. Such delenki remain in seedlings for up to 2 years. Only then can they be transplanted to a permanent place..
Rooting inflorescences. Experts call this technology proliferation. The leaf rosette on the peduncle is rooted in order to grow a new flower with all its specific and varietal characteristics. But first you need to give the outlets as much time as possible to develop. Remove the peduncle only after the upper part is completely dry. First, the rosette is placed in the water until the first roots sprout. You can use botanical growth stimulants. When the roots grow up to 5 cm, the rosette can be transplanted into a flowerpot with a special flower substrate. It will take time and a lot of moisture. If the daylily is well and firmly rooted in winter, in mid-spring it can already be transferred to open ground..
Pest and disease control
Daylilies are some of the hassle-free decorative flowers around. If you follow the simple rules of care, they practically do not get sick and are not afraid of pests. To avoid parasites and infections, it is enough to simply remove wilted flowers in a timely manner..
Of the diseases, rot of the root collar occurs due to an excess of nitrogen, moisture, insufficient aeration, with too deep planting or after frost.
Fungal disease causes striped leaves. At the first symptoms, it is enough to remove the affected areas and treat the plant with fungicides.
Another fungal disease is rust. There are several stages in the development of a fungus. One of them is yellow-orange pustules with powder. The method of struggle is similar.
Among the pests, there are thrips and daylily mosquitoes. To combat them, insecticides, mechanical cleaning and removal of damaged plants are used..
Daylily – photo
To find out what a daylily looks like, what it is combined with and where to place it, take a look at our selection of photos! We have collected bright samples of the colorful flower of joy, so watch and get inspired!