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Pelargonium (geranium): 70 photos

Pelargonium (geranium): 70 photos

Pelargonium is the same geranium known to everyone. That is why some people breed pelargonium at home, without even knowing what it really is. The name of the flower is translated from Greek as “crane”. It became popular in England in the 19th century and has since spread to other parts of the world. Geranium is graceful and beautiful, and caring for it is as simple as possible, even for inexperienced flower growers. Another feature is a pronounced smell due to the high content of essential oils. For the same reason, pelargonium is often used in traditional medicine. At the dacha, she allows you to get rid of some garden pests by her very presence..

General characteristics

Pelargonium is a perennial herb that belongs to the Geranium family. Sometimes there are also semi-shrub varieties. Due to the diversity of species, it is almost impossible to distinguish common features characteristic of all representatives. Stems can be creeping, straight or branched, leaves – simple, dissected or finger-like, flowers in umbrella inflorescences – of any size, shape and shade.

Pelargonium comes from South Africa, so it reproduces well in greenhouses, loves the sun and copes with lack of moisture. For the same reason, it will not survive the cold winter outdoors. Cuttings and seeds are used for propagation..

Geranium essential oil is made from the leaves of pelargonium. The root extract is used for the manufacture of medicines, in particular for the treatment of infectious diseases. Certain varieties are toxic to pollinating insects due to the presence of quisgalic acid in the composition.

Pelargonium is a versatile plant that is planted on the site, in flower beds and in the house.

Pelargonium (geranium) - General characteristics Pelargonium (geranium) - General characteristics

Types of pelargonium

There are many types of pelargonium in nature, which makes it impossible to create a single and universal classification. Most often, there are six main categories: zonal, ivy, scented, royal, unique and pelargonium-angels. They differ in appearance, habitat and living conditions..

Zone Pelargonium

It is the most common species, with tens of thousands of varieties. It owes its name to a certain color of the leaf: in the center there is an area painted in a different color. Sometimes this zone disappears when there is a lack of lighting, and in the spring it reappears.

Zonal pelargonium is a straight bushy bush with downy, fragrant leaves. In culture, it has been grown for more than three centuries. All varieties are divided into 5-petal non-double, 6-8-petal semi-double and 8-petal double.

The most famous and largest subgroups are Rosaceae, Tulip, Clove, Star, Cactus and Deacons.

Zonal pelargonium (geranium)

Ivy-leaved pelargonium

They are distinguished by creeping or hanging long shoots up to a meter. Such varieties are used for soil cover, when decorating balconies and loggias. Flowers – any shape and shade, but the leaves are smooth and ivy-like, mostly dense and tough.

Ivy-leaved pelargonium (geranium)

Scented pelargonium

This is a group of varieties known for their aromas. Most often they are quite inconspicuous in appearance, with small pink or white flowers and uneven palmate-lobed leaves. Bushes are loose and branched. Such geraniums are grown not for decoration, but for smell. Leaves can smell like fruits, berries, other herbs, and even complex perfume compositions..

Scented pelargonium (geranium)

Royal Pelargonium

These are powerful shrubs up to 50 cm tall. Their peculiarity is large flowers with corrugated or fringed edges. Coloring – heterogeneous due to veins and spotting. The leaves are broad and jagged, reminiscent of maple leaves. Unlike zonal, which can bloom all year round, the flowering of royal pelargoniums is limited to 3-4 months.

Royal pelargonium (geranium)


This is one of the oldest groups that has been cultivated since the middle of the 18th century. They bred it by crossing the royal and brilliant geraniums. Flowers resemble royal flowers, but they are of a smaller diameter. The dissected leaves have a pronounced odor. “Unicums” were especially popular in flower gardens during the Victorian era.

Pelargonium (geranium) - Unique

Pelargonium Angels

An unusual variety was bred by the English florist Langley Smith, who crossed the royal and curly pelargoniums. New species later appeared due to crosses within the group itself..

“Angels” are distinguished by small flowers, leaves and ampelous bushes. These varieties are less demanding than royal geraniums, but they need more light..

Pelargonium Angels

Pelargonium care

Pelargonium is one of the most unpretentious ornamental plants. But in order for it to bloom beautifully and brightly, you still have to take care of proper care..

In the house, geraniums are placed on a sunny windowsill. Ideally – with a midday shade, so that it does not fade. She loves light and the south side, but disgustingly tolerates wind and drafts. The first signal of a lack of lighting is a gradual exposure of the stem.

The optimum temperature is above + 12C, otherwise the flower will not bloom. If the plant is too cold, the edges of the leaves change color. This is most often manifested in winter. Then it is better to remove the flowerpot from the window..

Watering is moderate. Due to excess moisture, pelargonium withers and rots, its root system is damaged. It is almost impossible to save such a plant, except perhaps to propagate the preserved healthy branches..

In order for geranium to bush well, in the fall it is cut off and a squat crown is formed. You can do this in early spring, but then only cut off the tips of the longest shoots..

For the summer, geraniums can be planted outdoors. Then propagate the plant in the pre-winter, and in the spring just transplant it into the soil. With the onset of frost, geraniums need to be transplanted back into the pots in order to preserve.

Pelargonium care Pelargonium care Pelargonium care Pelargonium care

Transplantation and reproduction of pelargonium

The beautiful appearance of pelargonium and its regular flowering depends not only on watering and feeding, but also on regular pruning. At the same time, a new plant can be grown from the cuttings obtained..

It is recommended to carry out cuttings no more than once every two years, so that the geranium has time to grow and develop. If the bush is small and weak, then every three years. Cuttings are cut at any time, including winter. If you do this in early spring, in the summer you can already see the first flowers..

Spring is ideal for reproduction also because at this time all growth and development processes are especially intense, which means that the cutting takes root faster and stronger. But this is only a recommendation, not a mandatory rule. Pelargonium tolerates cuttings well in any season. Unless you will be able to admire the first results already next year..

To propagate pelargonium by cuttings, you need to take into account the following nuances:

– For dwarf varieties, the cutting length is up to 2.5 cm, for ordinary varieties – 5 cm;

– Shoots can be rooted in water or in the ground. For reliability, use the special rooting enhancers that are used for processing the slices, but this is not necessary;

– For planting, you will need pots with pallets, suitable soil mixture and sand;

– Choose a top with three or more leaves;

– It is better not to cut branches with buds set. If there are buds, it is advisable to remove them so that they do not drag resources onto themselves. A young plant will not let them open anyway;

– Cut off the layers only with a sharpened knife at right angles. Cut cuttings need to be dried for several hours so that the cut is tightened with a film. In the future, this will protect against decay;

– Cuttings are planted in drained pots with holes. About a third of the sand is added to the soil;

– To disinfect the soil, it is enough to treat it with boiling water or a weak solution of potassium permanganate;

– The cuttings go a few centimeters deep into the ground. The ground needs to be slightly compacted so that the shoots do not fall;

– Keep the pots in the shade for the first days, but by the end of the week they can be transferred to the sun and watered abundantly. Pour water not into the ground, but into the pan;

– Try not to get the pelargonium leaves wet. Because of this, they can become stained or even rot;

– The average duration of the shoots rooting process is 2–6 weeks, depending on the geranium variety;

– If you have chosen to root the cuttings in water, put them in previously settled water. You can transplant the stems when the roots grow more than 2.5 cm.Plargonium plant as delicately as possible so as not to damage the rhizome.

Pelargonium - Transplant and reproduction Pelargonium - Transplant and reproduction Pelargonium - Transplant and reproduction Pelargonium - Transplant and reproduction Pelargonium - Transplant and reproduction

Pest and disease control

The most common disease of pelargonium is rotting of the root collar. This can only be prevented by careful control of watering and soil moisture..

If a grayish mold appears on the leaves, you can still save the plant. Stop watering, remove damaged fragments and dry the soil. Treat geraniums with fungus remover and leave them in the sun.

In the garden or in the country, you can see a whitefly. These insects hide on the back of the leaf and look like butterflies. They suck the sap from the plant and multiply rapidly. The parasites are removed by hand and the flower is treated with insecticides. The same insecticides will help get rid of aphids, another common problem..

Pelargonium - Pest and Disease Control

Pelargonium (geranium) – photo

We have selected the best selection of photos for you to understand what pelargonium looks like and what its features are. See, compare and choose new pets for your home green corner or garden seedlings!

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