Rose Floribunda (90 photos): types and care
The graceful and decorative Floribunda rose is actively used in landscape design and in the design of garden plots. The secret of popularity is simple: resistance to frost, good immunity, unpretentiousness, long flowering period. The breeders managed to get an interesting family, crossing different varieties for years. As a result, a colorful and elegant Floribunda rose came out, which even beginner flower growers can cope with..
General characteristics of the flower
The unusual rose reaches a meter in height. But there are also miniature thirty-centimeter varieties. A feature of the family is intense colorful flowering. At the top of the shoots, not a lonely flower is formed, but a whole bouquet. Various subspecies are grown as a garden shrub or as a houseplant in a flowerpot. In addition, they are cut for bouquets and decorative arrangements..
The largest flowers are ten centimeters, but they are usually smaller. In texture, there are both simple and varying degrees of terry. The flowering period begins at the height of summer. An important plus for decorative seedlings is that it blooms in several stages, in waves. You can admire the Floribunda rose until significant frosts.
The origins of the species go back to the activities of the Danish breeder Poulsen. It was he who began crossing hybrid tea and polyanthus subspecies, and succeeded in the mid-twenties. The very definition of “floribunda” literally translates as “profusely flowering”. This directly indicates the main feature of the group. The official birth of the family is considered to be 1952..
Floribunda rose types
The number of decorative varieties and subspecies is so vast and diverse that it has long been impossible to count them properly. Breeders are breeding more and more interesting varieties. They differ from each other mainly in decorative qualities, colors, flowering period..
A tall variety that is famous for its decorative foliage and small double snow-white flowers. Carte Blanche blooms actively until autumn, almost does not get sick and is not afraid of parasites. It is also valuable because it is extremely rarely affected by a fungus. Even beginner flower growers can handle such seedlings..
The spreading bush grows up to 65 cm. The dark green shiny foliage serves as an excellent contrasting background for spectacular double pink buds. Due to its bright appearance, an unpretentious variety is often planted in the foreground when drawing up landscape compositions..
Leonardo da Vinci
A hardy ornamental variety, it is almost not afraid of the wind and even resistant to heavy rain. Large ten-centimeter flowers adorn a dense compact bush. Sometimes this variety grows above a meter. The leathery and dense leaves emphasize the tenderness of the flowering. Keep in mind that Leonardo da Vinci requires special care, but is resistant to frost and most diseases.
The tall eighty-centimeter bush is covered with unusual two-color yellow-red flowers that persist throughout the flowering season. Another feature is the aroma of flaxseed oil, which exudes unopened buds.
Compact, dense and resilient bushes grow up to 75 cm. They are strewn with thick double yellow flowers of a rich shade. One of the valuable decorative qualities is resistance to bright sun. Roses do not fade and are not afraid of frost. Frisia blooms until frost.
The graceful shrub is strewn with small, vase-shaped, lodged flowers in umbrella-shaped inflorescences. They are densely doubled, of a delicate pink hue, stand out brightly on shiny dark leaves. It is a wide and vigorous variety that blooms from early summer to mid-fall. In everyday life, it is resistant to fungus, including the most common manifestations: powdery mildew or black spot.
A tall, erect eighty-centimeter shrub covered with dark glossy leaves. Large flowers with grooved velvet petals are combined into inflorescences of 3-5, and sometimes 10 buds. Their beauty is further emphasized by the bowl shape and deep red color. Weak aroma.
The unpretentious variety grows successfully almost all over the world, regardless of climate and geography. It is ideal for greenhouses. An interesting feature is the bronze tint of the foliage. The flowers are fire-red, of medium diameter, with a weakly pronounced double texture and a subtle smell.
An ornamental, powerful shrub with large inflorescences is closest to classic roses due to its deep red color. The seedlings have good immunity and resistance to diseases or pests. And when making bouquets, this is one of the most popular varieties..
This is a relatively new subspecies with extraordinary two-tiered crimson flowers. Color saturation and intensity are maintained until the end of flowering. Sangria grows in almost any conditions. For care, it is enough to control the humidity, and once every 3-5 years, carry out anti-aging pruning..
The feature of this type is the original colors. The buds have an unusual lilac-blue hue. Although this is one of the most demanding and sensitive to external conditions varieties, it is highly valued precisely due to its extraordinary decorative effect..
Breeders are constantly developing new hybrid types. Among the interesting new products is the spray rose. Each of its inflorescences resembles a separate bouquet. Another popular group is mini flora. It is miniature and graceful, differs from others in the form of growth: not inflorescences grow on the branches, but shoots with them.
Floribunda rose care
The amazing Floribunda rose loves sun and warmth. She is undemanding. It is enough to hide it from drafts and wind. To prepare the soil, mix it with sand, peat, humus in advance. You can add chopped clay, a serving of bone meal and some superphosphates. To preserve moisture and temperature, the soil is mulched with sawdust.
The secret to long-term flowering is abundant regular watering. Too hot summer in the evenings spray the flower with warm water. If the rose lacks moisture, it sheds its buds to keep its.
Top dressing is carried out throughout the season. It is not difficult. It is enough to observe the regime and alternate organic matter and mineral impurities. This is necessary for the health of the flower, as well as to increase the intensity and prolongation of flowering..
Ornamental shrubs need to be shaped, and periodically also rejuvenated. For mallow, repeat the procedure in spring and autumn. Before the leaves appear, the main pruning is carried out, stimulating the development of new shoots. Autumn pruning is a mandatory stage in preparing a rose for winter.
Transplant and reproduction
Floribunda rose perfectly reproduces on the farm by cuttings:
1) At an acute angle, cut woody shoots from 8 cm above the bud;
2) Remove the leaves and thorns from the bottom;
3) Treat the cut with hormonal preparations;
4) Set the cuttings halfway into the holes;
5) Observe an interval of 20-30 cm;
6) Cover with cling film until it takes root;
7) Periodically ventilate, water, feed the seedlings and gently loosen the soil.
Young shoots take root and develop up to 2 years. Be sure to hide them for the winter. After that, the bushes can be planted in a new stable place..
Some varieties reproduce well by grafting, but Floribunda roses are almost never grown from seeds at home. It takes a long time, and in addition, it is difficult to maintain the characteristic features of the species..
Pest and disease control
Most Floribunda rose varieties are resistant to major diseases, fungi and parasites. It is enough to remove damaged fragments and weeds in time, avoid stagnant water, nourish and feed the plants.
An important nuance is frost protection. Decorative varieties survive the winter well, but for this they need to be prepared:
– Completely remove the remaining leaves with inflorescences;
– Shorten bushes up to 45 cm;
– Gently sprinkle with earth another 30 cm;
– Cover with spruce branches or leaves;
– You can cover the Floribunda rose with a non-woven fabric on top.
So, and also under the snow cover, she is not afraid of any cold weather..
Rose Floribunda photo
Floribunda rose is a very interesting and unusual flower. To see how to unleash its best qualities in all its glory, check out our selection of photographs. Happy viewing!