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Alstroemeria (70 photos): types and care

Alstroemeria (70 photos): types and care

An excellent flower with a beautiful and slightly cosmic name, Alstroemeria, combines the oriental-exotic unique grace of orchids and the proud being of lilies. It will become a real decoration of balconies, loggias, flower beds, and will also make an excellent bouquet, as it is able to maintain its color in cut form for up to two weeks. Consider what this natural perennial from the South American continent, possessing bright delicate flowers, as well as the rules of care and reproduction can be.

Types of alstroemeria

The variety of culture in wildlife is represented by more than 75 wild-growing species, the height of which rarely reaches 1 m, which cannot be said about cultivated varieties. Varietal and hybrid alstroemeria often reach 2 m, have medium-sized flowers (maximum 5 cm in diameter) of various colors. Such species are tall, and they are usually placed in the background of flower beds..

There are also undersized representatives decorating mixed plantings with beautifully flowering summer houses, window sills of apartments, loggias. They are also used to create borders. Among all the variety, the most popular species among florists can be distinguished:

“Alicia” – a hybrid plant with white and pink flowers, similar to chrysanthemums. Flowering is observed throughout the summer;

“Brazilian lily” – one of the tallest crops, whose branches reach two meters in height. Originally from Brazil, from where it got its name. Its reddish-bronze flowers are collected in lush inflorescences containing up to 30 pieces;

“Beauty” – blooms with lilac, bluish-purple flowers in spring and autumn. The bush has powerful straight stems 1.5 m high;

Virginia – a plant with large white flowers with waviness along the edges of the petals. The flowering period is quite long – from early summer to late autumn;

“Golden” – grows up to a meter in height, blooms in dark orange. Often this variety can be found in flower shops as a component that complements floristic compositions;

“Canaria” – its thick stems with dense foliage reach a height of 1.5 meters. Flowers are presented in a yellow palette with small splashes. Flowering can be observed all spring, as well as in the first half of autumn;

“White Wings” – is popular with many florists due to the snow-white palette of beautifully shaped flowers. The height of the shrub reaches 2 m.It blooms almost all summer, with the exception of small breaks in July and August.

Here is only a small part of the whole variety that can be filled with a personal plot. The advantage of the culture is the absence of odor, so that it can be used to create compositions with any colors..

Alstroemeria - Species Alstroemeria - Species Alstroemeria - Species Alstroemeria - Species

Proper care for alstroemeria

Before planting the first bush of this wonderful culture, you need to familiarize yourself with important information on how to properly care for it. Only by creating the necessary conditions for the plant, you can save it from various diseases and admire the beautiful flowering.

Lighting

The culture will feel comfortable in well-lit areas. On especially hot days, it is necessary to create partial shade for garden residents, and apartment residents can simply be moved to a darker place. In the autumn-winter period, alstroemeria is kept on the south window, and in spring and summer the direct sun should alternate with bright diffused light at noon hours. The desired length of LED should be 14 hours to ensure successful flowering. The plant can be supplemented with fluorescent lamps.

Alstroemeria - Lighting Alstroemeria - Lighting

Temperature

Most species of alstroemeria are very thermophilic, although there are hybrids that can withstand frosts down to -20C. The optimal range for normal development will be + 20 ° … + 22C, and in winter about + 14C. During the budding period, as well as flowering, the temperature should be about + 16C.

The roots of the plant are afraid of overheating, so it is better to mulch the soil. In cases where the soil temperature reaches +22, the roots begin to develop intensively to the detriment of flowering, and at +28 the culture freezes in growth, sheds foliage and withers.

Alstroemeria - Temperature Alstroemeria - Temperature

Humidity

Alstroemeria loves moderate moisture, so you need to make sure that the soil does not dry out and is not waterlogged (the roots can rot). To maintain the required level, the soil is loosened and mulched using sawdust, peat or leaf compost. The optimum level of air humidity is 80-85%, so in especially dry season you can spray it in the evening.

Alstroemeria - Humidity Alstroemeria - Humidity

Watering

Alstroemeria loves regular, moderate watering, which stops with the onset of autumn cold weather. Care must be taken to avoid overflow or drought. A sufficient dose will be once a week, and if hot weather sets in, it can be increased up to two times. In this case, the soil must be constantly moistened to a depth of 2 cm, otherwise the plant will lose its decorative effect..

Alstroemeria - Watering Alstroemeria - Watering

Fertilizers and feeding

The first compost fertilizer must be present in the soil at the time of planting. Next, you need to regularly feed the culture, thereby ensuring lush flowering. The procedure is performed several times a month. It is recommended to use a complex fertilizing of a mineral type, containing the necessary components of potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen and other substances. It does not hurt to add wood ash to the shrub from time to time. Organic additives such as poultry droppings or mullein can also be added in small amounts as a supplement..

Alstroemeria - Fertilizers and feeding Alstroemeria - Fertilizers and feeding

Pests and diseases

The plant can be susceptible to diseases such as late blight, fusarium, root rot. A common cause of their occurrence is improper care, in particular, excess moisture in the soil, stagnant water. This also applies to diseases such as botrytis (gray rot), which can occur with high humidity, insufficient drainage, and also if planting in open ground was carried out during heavy rains. A diseased plant must be treated several times a week with a fungicide solution, spraying it and watering the roots. With this ailment, a flower at an early stage of development is rarely saved – most often it is removed from the garden.

The main pests that most often cause harm to the culture are thrips and spider mites. The presence of the former can be determined by the presence of silvery spots on the leaves, traces of punctures. Ticks are caused by keeping the plant in hot conditions. You can fight pests with the help of insecticides (confidor, aktara), watering the soil with them.

Alstroemeria - Pests and diseases Alstroemeria - Pests and diseases

How to transplant alstroemeria

Potted crops are transplanted annually in the spring, adding pine bark, humus, peat to the new soil. There must be good drainage at the bottom of the pot..

When choosing a place for planting in flower beds, you need to take care that the soil is loose and light – this is the key to excellent flowering. Cultures are transplanted that, as a rule, have reached the age of three. After planting, regular, moderate watering is required. Using mulch will help drown out weeds, create a layer that keeps the soil loose.

How to transplant alstroemeria How to transplant alstroemeria

Reproduction at home

There are two ways to increase the number of your favorite plant species on your site – by seeds and by dividing an adult bush. The seed method allows you to get quite a lot of new representatives at the same time, but a significant drawback is the late flowering of new flowers, which can be observed after several years. Reproduction by division will allow you to get color as early as next year..

Reproduction of alstroemeria by seeds

At the first stage, it is necessary that the seeds of alstroemeria undergo stratification at a temperature of + 2 … 5C for a month. This process of creating a winter microclimate causes the seeds to “sleep mode”, after which, getting into the warm soil, they wake up and begin to actively germinate.

Disembarkation takes place in February-March. The prepared material is placed in a container with fertile moist soil. Planting depth – no more than 1 cm. Seeds are slightly pressed and sprinkled with earth. The flowerpot must be covered with foil or glass, forming a greenhouse, and kept at a temperature no higher than +18. The first shoots will appear in 15–20 days. Planting seedlings in the ground is carried out on the threshold of summer.

Seeds obtained by sowing will bloom only for 2-3 years.

Alstroemeria propagation by seeds Alstroemeria propagation by seeds

Reproduction of alstroemeria by division

In order to propagate alstroemeria in this way, it is necessary to dig in the spring of the mother bush, which is at least 3 years old, carefully separating the large rhizomes. Moreover, there must be at least one kidney on the parcel. Places of cuts of the main bush are sprinkled with coal or treated with a disinfectant. New bushes are planted in prepared moist soil to a depth of no more than 20 cm.The first flowering of the bush will take place next year, although some species planted in this way in the fall may bloom in spring.

Reproduction of alstroemeria by division Reproduction of alstroemeria by division

Alstroemeria – photo

How beautifully exotic alstroemeria blooms in garden plots and at home, we invite you to familiarize yourself in our photo gallery. Here you can find a variety of species and varieties, their placement in composite flower beds and as beautiful decorations for interiors, loggias and balconies.

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