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Chubushnik (90 photos): types and care

Chubushnik (90 photos): types and care

Many have seen a mock-orange at least once in their lives, but not everyone knows that it was he. Fragrant shrubs with white flowers are found in parks and resemble jasmine. For this he was nicknamed garden jasmine. It got its name from the so-called shanks – pipes for smoking, which were made from its branches. An unpretentious plant is loved by gardeners and landscape designers. It is easy to grow and easy to care for, and outwardly it looks like a luxurious green fountain. The homeland of the chubushnik is Europe, North America and the eastern regions of Asia.

general characteristics

Chubushnik is a perennial that belongs to the Hortensiev family. They are small shrubs with small leaves and thin flexible shoots. They bloom throughout the summer. The brown-gray bark is notable for the fact that it flakes off a little. Shoots reach 3 m, but often grow up to a meter. They thicken and stiffen only to the base.

Leaves are ovoid, elongated or oval, up to 7 cm. They are smooth and dark green, with pronounced longitudinal veins. Simple or double flowers with pointed petals are collected in clusters of up to 9 buds. The maximum diameter is 6 cm. Fruits are sectional capsules about a centimeter, they contain tiny dusty seeds.

Chubushnik needs the sun, but it tolerates shade well. It requires moisture and constant moisture, but withers if the water stagnates. A short-term drought has almost no effect on the condition of the flower. Fragrant flowers attract numerous insects to the garden.

The dense thickets are excellent hedges. They are used in the design of fences, curbs, facades and household facilities. When blooming, the bushes turn into fragrant cascades. Tall varieties are an ideal background for flower beds and seedlings, and low and miniature varieties will harmoniously fit into an alpine slide or rockery.

Chubushnik - General characteristics Chubushnik - General characteristics

Types of chubushnik

There are about 60 types of chubushnik. They differ in aroma and slightly in appearance. Some varieties smell like citrus or strawberries..

Common chubushnik

A classic upright branched chubushnik with graceful three-meter shoots. Leaves are simple, oval, medium in size. Loose brushes with delicate creamy flowers appear on the shoots. Like the whole variety, they are small and elegant..

Common chubushnik

Crown mock

This is a frost-hardy spreading three-meter shrub. His homeland is the southern regions and Asia Minor. Shoots are flexible, long and branched. The bark has an unusual reddish or yellowish tint. Oval dense leaves are opposite. Outside, they are smooth, and on the reverse side, they are slightly pubescent. Flowers – about 5 cm in diameter, delicate cream shade, in large and loose clusters.

The flowering period begins towards the end of spring and lasts up to 3 weeks. The crown mock-orange tolerates winters down to -25C. Interesting subspecies are golden Aureus, wide and dark Variegata with bordered leaves and spreading Innosens with rare flowering and decorative marble patterns on leaf plates. Such a chubushnik lives up to 30 years.

Crown mock

Chubushnik hybrid

The extensive breeding category includes dozens of decorative varieties and their interspecific combinations. For example, compact colorful Moonlight, sprawling Majori, graceful Elbrus, slender Snowflake, tall weeping Shneesturm and others.

Chubushnik hybrid

Small-leaved chubushnik

It is a dwarf, undersized shrub that resembles a miniature cherry when it blooms. In season, fragrant flowers with a strawberry scent completely cover the entire bush..

Small-leaved chubushnik

Fluffy chubushnik

This variety gets its name from its light, airy bottom sheets. Large and neat calyx flowers have almost no smell. But large inflorescences of 5-10 buds are very decorative. A tall bush grows up to 3 m.Flowering begins at the height of summer.

Fluffy chubushnik

Odorless chubushnik

The bush with large green four-meter shoots and large leaves is odorless even during the flowering period, as indicated by the name of the variety. But it is beautiful and decorative, with large white flowers, 5 buds per brush. The length of the leaves on the shoots, on which no buds grow, sometimes reaches 12 cm. This variety is remarkable for its width. The flowering period begins towards the end of June and lasts almost until August.

Odorless chubushnik

Shrenk’s chubushnik

His homeland is the Far East, China and Korea. The main feature is early flowering. It is one of the first to open in mid-latitudes. The oval, tapered leaves resemble an egg. Delicate fragrant flowers reach 4 cm. The inflorescence has an average of 9 buds. The flowering period lasts from June and lasts 3-4 weeks.

Shrenk's chubushnik

Chubushnik Lemoine

This is a hybrid that includes several dozen subspecies. They are united by a rich sweet smell. Bushes grow into dense thickets of three meters. Small and bright leaves are diluted with fragrant flowers. Of the most famous species – frost-resistant terry mock-orange, thick and compact Mont Blanc, fluffy Snowbelle bell, flexible and spreading Virginia, fluffy decorative Bicolor and luxurious Ermine mantle.

Chubushnik Lemoine

Chubushnik Gordon

It is one of the tallest varieties, which grows up to 5-6 m under favorable conditions. It has large glossy leaves and large snow-white flowers, which make it one of the most decorative varieties. The scent is almost indistinguishable. The flowering period begins towards the end of June.

Chubushnik Gordon

Breeding varieties

The number of artificially bred ornamental mock-mushrooms is almost unlimited. These are high airborne assault forces, snow-white Arctic, miniature Unusual, original Ballet of Moths, graceful Pearls and others..

Chubushnik types - Selection varieties Chubushnik types - Selection varieties

Chubushnik care

By its nature, chubushnik is a very unpretentious ornamental shrub. But it is important to choose the right place. To make it intensely green and bloom, you need as much sun as possible, and in order to grow and stretch – a shadow.

The ideal land is leafy, mixed with humus and sand. It must be loose, lightweight and nutritious, always with a neutral level of acidity. Periodically, the soil needs to be loosened and weeded weeds. Fertilizers are applied systematically. In the spring – organic, and directly to flowering – mineral mixtures with potassium and phosphorus.

To avoid stagnant water, drainage is needed. The simplest option is a fifteen-centimeter pebble layer. This is more than enough for a comfortable plant life. As for watering, natural precipitation is enough for the chubushnik. Additionally, it needs to be watered during the dry season..

Chubushnik is cut in several passes. In the spring, all damaged, dry and frozen shoots are removed. At the same time, the crown can be shaped. Old thickets must be rejuvenated by completely cutting off the stems to stimulate growth. This will increase the number of buds and significantly improve the appearance of the crown. In autumn, sanitary cleaning is carried out, shoots growing inward, and excess ground growth are removed.

Chubushnik care Chubushnik care Chubushnik care Chubushnik care

Transplant and reproduction

Chubushnik planted in the fall takes root best of all. In the spring, this can only be done before the leaves bloom. Otherwise, the bush may die. During planting, lower only the root into the ground, but not the stem, so that it does not start the thread. The average planting depth is about 0.5 m. The interval between shrubs is up to 1.5 m. When forming a bushy hedge, it can be reduced. An ornamental bush propagates in any classic way.

Reproduction of chubushnik by seeds

For growing from seeds, take only fresh material that is not yet a year old. Mix the seeds with sand a couple of months before planting and leave in the refrigerator. By the beginning of spring, they can be planted in containers. The first shoots appear within 10 days. After another 2 weeks, the seedlings can be dived, and by the beginning of summer they can be transplanted into open ground. But keep in mind that such a shrub will not bloom soon. Sometimes – only after 5-8 years.

Reproduction of chubushnik by seeds

Reproduction of chubushnik by layering

A convenient natural way is root growth or air layers. In early spring, large, mature and healthy bushes are dug up and separated. But this method is not very suitable for miniature varieties..

Reproduction of chubushnik by layering Reproduction of chubushnik by layering

Reproduction of a chubushnik by cuttings

Cutting is an effective and almost win-win option. It doesn’t even need special experience and skills. During the summer, cut the shoots up to 10 cm and treat the cut with charcoal or a special rooting compound. After that, plant the cuttings in a box of garden soil and cover with foil, spraying systematically. Roots appear within two weeks.

Reproduction of a chubushnik by cuttings Reproduction of a chubushnik by cuttings

Pest and disease control

The most common chubushnik diseases are gray rot, septoria spot and other fungal infections. The control mechanism is standard: collect and destroy all damaged leaves and prophylactically treat the bushes with Bordeaux liquid and its analogues.

The main pests and parasites are leguminous aphids, hawthorn, and click beetles. To avoid an invasion, you need to remove weeds and damaged areas in a timely manner, as well as regularly treat the seedlings with profile insecticides..

Chubushnik - Pest and Disease Control Chubushnik - Pest and Disease Control

Chubushnik – photo

If you are just looking for where to get inspiration and fresh ideas for decorating home seedlings, we offer you our selection of photos! We have collected bright and original pictures with a chubushnik so that you can find a solution to your liking.!

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