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How to propagate barberry in the garden

Young barberry If you decide to decorate your plot with ornamental plants and are completely lost in a huge selection, then the easiest way to start is with barberry. This beautiful ornamental shrub is unpretentious, has a different color of leaves and flowers, it comes in different forms, both dwarf and giant. It lends itself well to forming, therefore, when planning a hedge, this option is the most optimal. Among the many varieties, the most popular and refined are considered: Thunberg barberry, Siberian, Altai, Ottavsky and Ordinary. Purple and purple, orange and red, variegated and golden leaves of barberry will make your plot a small piece of a fantastic island.

Subtleties when breeding barberry

Saplings of barberry Many people are interested in how to propagate barberry, but not everyone knows exactly how and how to do it correctly. This plant is absolutely not demanding for the soil, but a shady place with high humidity will not suit it. And it can multiply in different ways – by seeds, and by cuttings, and by dividing the bush. In this, each gardener will choose the option that is most suitable, because everyone has both advantages and disadvantages:

  • rooting of cuttings takes a very long time;
  • when multiplying by seeds, a low germination rate is observed, about 20-40%;
  • not every type of barberry is able to drive out root young growth;
  • there is a high risk of damage to the root system when dividing the bush.

Correct propagation of barberry by cuttings

Reproduction technique by green cuttingsIn this case, it is better to dwell on a frequently used propagation method – cut cuttings from selected healthy bushes, then root and plant them. But it must be remembered that if you do not use growth stimulants, rooting will take a very long time..

Therefore, adhering to several rules, you should do this:

  • cut the cuttings about 15 cm from the side branches, approximately in June;
  • remove the lower leaves before treatment with a rooting stimulant;
  • plant prepared cuttings in a mixture of sand and peat;
  • cover with foil;
  • open the seedlings several times a day for airing and spraying, and it is also necessary to periodically loosen the soil;
  • after the cuttings take root, plant them in a container with moistened soil, adding the necessary fertilizers;
  • a year later, the barberry is planted in the place where it will grow.

Transplanting cuttings to the siteIn fact, the reproduction of Thunberg barberry and other species is not a complicated process, as it might seem at first glance. With the right approach and choice of method, sufficient lighting and moderate moisture, you will get a wonderful ornamental shrub that will delight you with bright color of leaves, beautiful flowers and delicious fruits. All types and varieties of barberry are perfectly combined with conifers and flowers, giving a strict form of a hedge from this plant, you will have a wonderful living, original fence on your site that is resistant to the vagaries of the weather and always pleases with its diversity.

Propagation of barberry by seeds

Barberry seedsHaving studied and tested the propagation of barberry by cuttings, you can try another method, which is no less interesting, but more laborious and time-consuming. This is the method that breeders often choose to get new varieties and hybrids. Therefore, having collected and processed ripe fruits, do not rush to throw away the seeds, because they can be your future new bushes..

Bush grown from seedsSo, the method of growing barberry from seeds. After you collect fresh fruits, they must be squeezed through a sieve, then rinsed and dried to a state of flowability. To get barberry from seeds, they are sown in open ground in the fall. For this, small grooves are made from 1 to 3 cm and covered with sand. It is also necessary to insulate barberry beds – sprinkle with sawdust and cover with spruce branches.

This is also done to prevent the seeds from being eaten by field mice. Upon the arrival of spring, when the snow melts, the entire upper insulation must be removed and the bed covered with foil. Seeds of barberry germinate very slowly and germination is not particularly pleasing, but if five to six germinate out of a dozen, then they all hatch together. As soon as 2 true leaves appear on the sprout, the garden must be thinned out so that there is a distance of at least 5 cm between the sprouts.After about 2 years, young bushes can be planted.

Dividing a bush for plant propagation

Bush division, bendsIf you are not sure that cutting the barberry will give a result, and the germination of the seeds takes too long, then you can try the method of dividing the bush and propagating by young stalks. There is already an adult plant in your garden, which looks great and annually pleases with its fruits, then you can rest assured that this particular specimen will give excellent results when dividing it into several separate bushes..

This requires:

  • dig a healthy, adult bush out of the ground, carefully so as not to harm the root system;
  • carefully cut into pieces;
  • large and powerful roots are sawn and planted in ready-made holes;
  • the soil where the cuttings are planted is abundantly moistened.

A procedure such as dividing a bush is best done in spring..

Buarbaris in landscape designHaving done all the necessary breeding work and having achieved excellent results, it remains to provide the necessary care for its new green inhabitants. To preserve the variegated color of some species, take into account the location of the barberry shrub, and if you want a dense hedge, then plant the plants at intervals of 25-30 cm.In dry summers, ensure optimal watering, fertilize and cut off thickening branches in time. If pests appear, insecticides can be applied, and heavily infested plants and leaves, if necessary, remove.

Following all the simple rules and recommendations, your garden will delight you with abundant flowering and a variety of colors..

How to root green cuttings – video

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