Anemones (85 photos): types and care
Anemones are perennial flowers that have won a place in the flower beds of many gardeners due to their various shapes and many beautiful shades. Anemone, nicknamed “anemone” in our area, looks good against the background of stone structures and next to other flowers. Lives wonderfully next to hyacintoids and daffodils, as well as stunted ones – Iberis, forget-me-nots or violets.
Types of anemone
Today, more than 150 different species are distinguished, but our climatic zones accept the following most popular varieties:
Deservedly considered the central “person” of its kind and the most common specimen. A very beautiful plant, reaching over 40 cm in height. It has a sparsely hairy and erect stem, turning into a rather large (about 9 cm) flower. It has a poppy shape with velvet stamens. Thanks to the huge palette, you can choose a plant for any garden.
Anemone de caen
Also a fairly well-known representative of the anemone. The flowering of this wonderful flower begins from the first days of summer, but after the onset of the first heat, the foliage crumbles. As soon as the roots feel the autumn coolness, they immediately release new shoots and again delight with beautiful flowering. The stem is quite stable and erect, reaches a height of 50 to 85 cm, the flowers are solitary, with an incredible range of colors.
A group of flowers that bloom at the end of summer and lasts until half of autumn. Beautiful and large perennial plants with very high peduncles (from 80 to 150 cm). Different varieties can have from a couple to several dozen full-fledged flowers. They can be terry, semi-double or ordinary. Autumn anemone will bring bright colors to your garden during this gloomy period.
Another variant of a hybrid that blooms in autumn. It has a rather high and strong stem, up to 1.5 m. Large leaves have the shape of a dissected feather and are dark green in color. The flowers are large in size, with a double or ordinary texture. Presented in white, sometimes pink shades with a golden mean, germinate in late August or early September.
Quite different from previous varieties. It is not a very tall plant (about 20-30 cm) with rather large flowers. Flowering begins in late May or early July, and lasts about 15-20 days.
An extremely unpretentious and tenacious variety of anemone. Height reaches about 20-30 cm, has white peduncles (which is why the alternative name is White Anemone) with a diameter in the region of 2 to 3.5 cm. Thanks to breeders, today you can find pink, blue or lilac hybrids.
A beautiful decorative anemone, blooming for a rather long period compared to other types of flower. Preferred to be planted in groups, as well as to create rockeries or alpine slides.
Most grooming options depend on the variety or hybrid you choose, but there are universal methods. We will talk about them further..
This plant needs a spacious and as much protected area as possible from strong drafts. They love light, but at the same time they hardly tolerate burning rays of light. If you are not sure about the location, then it is better to plant the anemones in partial shade. Such a solution will allow them to develop, and the risk of burnout in the extreme midday heat will be minimized..
The ideal option would be to use deciduous soil fertilized with loam or peat. Use sand to improve soil structure and reduce water stagnation. If the acidity is increased, then the use of dolomite flour or wood ash will help to correct the situation..
Before planting a flower, you need to germinate its roots, which is associated with a significant drying out of the tubers after wintering. But do this very carefully, as the rhizomes absorb water like a sponge. If there is too much liquid, then the anemones will begin to rot. Wrap them in a damp cloth soaked in aloe juice for about 6 hours.
After the soaking step, place the roots in a small pot, then fill it with a damp mixture of sand and soil. Cover it with a thin glass or bag to create a greenhouse effect. The soil should not dry out, moisten it. After 10-14 days, sprouts should appear on the tubers. At this stage, plant them in the pot, sprouts up, to a depth of about two tuber thicknesses. The most correct temperature for germination is + 12C, if the indicator is higher, then the shoots will germinate very quickly, but at the same time they will become very frail.
You can go to the process of planting anemones when the temperatures indoors and outdoors are equal. Deepen the tuber no more than 5 cm.Then, within a week, protect the fragile leaves from the sun by shading them.
Watering and feeding
It is not difficult to care for anemones, the main thing is to maintain a moderate moisture of the root system, as excessive moisture can lead to decay. Mulching can help protect the soil from excessive drying out. Some species necessarily require such a coating to create optimal germination conditions..
Anemones easily cope with the moisture deficit in the ground, so rainfall is enough for them. But if the weather presents long dry periods, then watering is still necessary. You will also need to additionally water the plant during the growth or budding of the flower..
Organize feeding with liquid fertilizers, but only during budding or flowering periods. Please note that you do not need to use fresh manure; when using it, anemones will rot. If you fertilized the soil before planting, then additional fertilization is not needed throughout the year..
Vegetative propagation is practically not used for anemones, seeds also have a very low survival rate, and grains that are more than 2 years old almost never germinate.
To increase the likelihood of seed climbing, you need to stratify. It is necessary to close up the grains very shallowly, because very fragile anemones are not able to overcome the layer of earth. With further germination, control the soil moisture, since young representatives of the flora, when waterlogged, lose their roots from rotting. Plants obtained from seeds begin to bloom only after 3 years.
The most preferred breeding option is to split the rhizome. Carry out this operation at the very beginning of spring, when the sap flow is not yet very intense. Be sure to keep in mind that each root division should have several points for growth, this is the only way to get the required mass of landscaping..
Almost all types of anemones are not famous for their high frost resistance, so the tubers are dug up for winter storage. Use cotton or paper bags for wintering. Place the roots in sand, sawdust or peat, they are used to maintain the necessary moisture, the temperature should be about the same as in the cellar.
Be sure to keep in mind that some varieties lose their leaves in the middle of summer. In order not to chop the roots when digging, mark their place with a dry mixture of sand and cover with foil.
Diseases and pests
One of the benefits of anemone is its resistance to many diseases and pests. Their main enemies are slugs and snails. To combat them, apply treatment with a metaldehyde solution, but first collect the pests from the bush. Other varieties are attacked by the leaf nematode – to save the entire bed, remove the damaged bush, and replace the ground for disinfection.
As you already know from the previous sections, the greatest threat to anemone is the increased soil moisture. Various parasitic fungi develop in it, such as sclerotinosis or white rot, as well as peronosporosis (popular name – “powdery mildew”). To combat them, you should use fungicides that can save the plant if the disease has not yet been started..
Anemones – photo
A huge number of varieties and shades of anemone can confuse you when choosing, if you have not come across this fascinating plant before. For some systematization, as well as your understanding of the varieties and beauty of these flowers, we have collected a small photo gallery. These photos will reveal the tenderness of the anemone and will definitely make you think about “settling” them in your garden. Happy viewing!