Amazing beauty barberry shrub in your garden
Barberry shrubs are popular among landscape designers for their brightly decorated foliage and beautiful fruits. With their help, it is possible to create unusual compositions and turn a simple courtyard into a corner of paradise..
How to choose a barberry shrub for the garden
Today there are about 200 varieties of this plant. They differ among themselves not only in the color of the leaves, but also in the strength of growth, shape and purpose. Before planting this plant on your site, you need to find answers to such questions: how to grow barberry, which variety is suitable for your region, which plant shape will look beautiful on the site or in the garden?
For an alpine slide, multi-colored dwarf bushes are suitable, which can revive even the saddest corner. But to create a topiary structure or a green fence, it is better to stop at Ordinary Barberry or Ottawa. These varieties reach a height of up to 3m, lend themselves well to cutting and quickly restore green mass. Plants are easy to care for, have a strong root system, tolerate cold winters and hot summers well.
Before buying the desired variety, you first need to look at the photo of the barberry shrub in adult form, choose the desired color, size and only then go to the market or store.
Breeding secrets of barberry
You can find a lot of useful information about the methods of breeding barberry, but several of the most popular among amateur gardeners and professionals should be highlighted:
- Seed reproduction
- Reproduction by layering.
- Dividing the bush.
Each method is characteristic in that it is applied at a certain time of the year. For propagation by cuttings, young, mature branches are cut in mid-August. The cut branches are rooted and planted in loose, moist soil. If a dry autumn is foreseen, then planting is better done in a greenhouse or a small greenhouse, which will allow you to control humidity and protect the cutting from sudden cold snaps at night. A closed room must be ventilated every day and avoid excess moisture. It is also important to loosen the soil and remove weeds once a week..
It will take a lot of patience and knowledge to grow barberry from seeds, but these plants will be strong and resistant to climatic conditions. Sowing works are carried out in the fall. First you need to collect mature seeds from strong and beautiful plants, separate the seed and rinse it under running water. The seed-seed is dried and only then sown in a container with soil, which consists of sand and peat (1: 1). A box with bones is buried in the ground and left there until spring. Seeds undergo stratification and in the spring give amicable shoots.
With spring sowing, seed germination will not be high and most seeds will germinate only next year.
For the seeds to successfully pass stratification, you can place the box with crops in a cool, dark room, but then you should control the humidity and temperature (not lower than -1). At the beginning of September, the strongest plants are chosen and planted in the garden. In the spring, next year, strong seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place, and weak ones can be left for autumn planting. Such plants bear fruit in three years, after the emergence of shoots..
Reproduction by layering is the easiest way that even inexperienced gardeners can do. A large percentage of rooting during propagation by layering falls in the spring. For the procedure, you should select young, completely unripe branches and evenly place them in the grooves dug near the trunk circle. The branches are fixed with wire brackets, the grooves are moistened and covered with earth, leaving the top of the shoot above the ground. In early September, rooted branches will form a lush root system. They can be separated from the mother plant and planted in a permanent place. Such a plant will bear fruit next year..
They resort to dividing the bush if the plant has grown and it is necessary to limit its habitat. You can carry out the procedure at any time. To avoid stress for the plant and not to lose the harvest, it is better to do this in early spring (early March) or in late autumn, after leaf fall. The mother bush must be dug from all sides in order to cover the bulk of the horses. After digging, the bush is sawn into several pieces with a saw so as to capture the roots for each plant. The depth of each planting hole must be at least 0.5 m.
Each planting pit must be equipped with a drainage system. This will protect the plants from waterlogging and help the root system quickly take root in a new place..
After planting, the plants are covered with soil. Water and tamp the earth tightly in the near-trunk circle so that it grasps the roots tightly.
Barberry: growing and care
Many beginner gardeners are wondering: how to plant a barberry correctly so that it quickly takes root and pleases with a rich harvest. This is not difficult to achieve if you follow the recommendations for growing and planting barberry:
- Barberry prefers soil with normal acidity. If the acidity of the soil is higher than 7 PH, then it must be treated with lime. It is quite simple to do this: add about 300 g of slaked lime or a glass of wood ash to the hole when planting. It is important that the ash is from sheet wood. Ash from oak wood cannot be added.
- After the spring division of the bush or transplant, it is necessary to water the first two months and during the summer heat.
- Barberry prefers bright places, but grows well in the shade. Varieties with bright colored leaves in the shade lose their decorative effect.
- To form a beautiful hedge, it is necessary to plant bushes at the rate of two plants per 1 m.
- It is advisable to feed the plants at the root once a year (in spring).
- Frequent loosening is the key to a good root system and spreading branches.
- Mulching will help retain moisture in the trunk circle in summer..
- Regular pruning of barberry bushes will help maintain the beautiful aesthetic appearance of the plant..
Growing barberry and caring for it must be carried out in accordance with the instructions received, so that the shrub will delight with its bright foliage and toy fruits.