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Rockery in the landscape design of a summer house or a residential estate

Rockery in the landscape design of a summer house or a residential estate

Most people are capable of appreciating the beauty of nature. Therefore, the owners of land plots, as far as possible, want to decorate their place of residence. There is an ancient, now reborn way to do this – to create a rockery, or rocky garden..

Rockery is a composition of stones and plants. The participation of a body of water enhances the visual impact.

Benefits of rockery:

  • you can choose a non-expensive option;
  • little weeding; it is enough to change or plant plants once every 3-4 years;
  • looks unusually impressive;
  • can be on the territory of a summer cottage not only a decorative, but also a functional element.

Possible practical role of a stone garden

  • limit the amount of water in a pond, stream, fountain, pool;
  • accompany footpaths;
  • divide the estate into zones;
  • maintain soil on terraces.

Characteristics of a rocky garden

Depending on the purpose of the rocky garden, such characteristics as materials, location and amount of costs are determined..

In the construction of such a landscape ensemble, the stones that you have chosen play an important role. The accent in the composition falls on the largest boulder. In extreme cases, it can be replaced with 2-3 smaller stones, preferably of the original shape..

For the arrangement of rockeries, the following types of stone are used:

  • Granite. It is a durable mineral that is widely used in construction in mining areas. Has shades of gray, black and pink.
  • Limestone. By itself, it is almost white. Organic matter, clay, sand and other impurities often make it color. Has a varied structure and shape.
  • Basalt. Basic black or gray colors have many small foreign inclusions.

Stone rocks turn into rockeries and go well with various types of living vegetation.

There are several main types:

  • Dwarf conifers. For example: ate Canadian and Serbian, varieties of spruce and common; thuja, pine and juniper varieties.
  • Low-growing shrubs. Example: Potentilla, boxwood, honeysuckle, barberry, cotoneaster.
  • Perennial flowers. It is better to select plants that reproduce vegetatively (primrose, hosts). If bulbs are planted (crocuses, primroses, tulips, daffodils), one must not forget that their period of active life ends in May. Therefore, you will have to plant annuals from above, not forgetting to cut off the testes from them in order to prevent self-seeding.
  • Ground cover (carpet). Moss, lichens, sedum, Veronica, Yaskolka will create neat islands of greenery, blueness, yellowness and other mono- and variegated colors. So that the color of your favorite plants is not lost against the background of multi-colored stones, you need to think in advance not only the location of the solid material, but also its color. The easiest way is to use solid stones and not be afraid to experiment. And with colored small stones poured into place, it is possible to achieve an even better result..

Condition for the relevance of a garden on stones

The main condition for the appropriateness of a garden on stones is that the entire site must be well-groomed. Then rockery in landscape design the estate will take its rightful place.

Stages of work on the construction of rockeries

The formation of rockeries requires significant physical costs. When using huge boulders, someone’s help or even a technique may be required. It is recommended to draw up an action plan in order not to make unnecessary gestures and not redo anything..

  1. Clearing the site. The fertile layer is removed by at least 20 cm.If you carefully select the rhizomes of perennial weeds, you can later use this soil for planting plants.
  2. Installation of the largest stone on a concrete base. It should not burrow into the ground over time. Sprinkle this boulder 2/3 of the size, exposing the most advantageous side. The stability of the block is carefully checked to prevent injury and drift from rain washings. If there are large stones of smaller size, they are also immediately added to them..
  3. Laying soil for plants. The drainage layer is filled up. Above – cleaned earth or compost mixed with soil and sand. The mixture should not be too fertile to avoid rapid overgrowth of greens. For the same purpose, you should not be especially zealous with watering..
  4. Soil shrinkage. Wait 2 weeks, watering the ground every day.
  5. Landing. It is recommended to plant conifers so that the rockery enlivens the landscape all year round. It is convenient to figure out how the selected plants will be better combined in reality, displaying them in pots in different variations. When the optimal result is achieved, everything is planted. Ground cover plants make it possible to easily eliminate the disadvantages of the composition.
  6. The finish. At the end of the process, the open ground is closed with larger stones and pebbles. Fine gravel is scattered on top or laid out as a favorable backdrop for individual plants. Rule one: the larger the plant, the larger the stones around.

The formation of rockeries requires significant physical costs.

Features of caring for a stone garden

Plants need to be weeded once a week. Water as needed with a fine grid or spray hose to avoid washing out the soil. Fertilize no more than once a year with complex fertilizers.

Efforts to break up rockeries will result in a cozy corner at home, which in the future will require minimal efforts from the owners to maintain an attractive appearance and will become a means of psychological relaxation. Perhaps beauty will really save the world!

Source: fermilon.ru

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