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An excellent find for flower growers – types of dicentra

types of bleeding centers for the garden A few decades ago, summer cottages were decorated with various types of dicentra grown by fans of sophisticated flowers. Interest in the plant, in our time, is caused by its delicate buds, reminiscent of small hearts. Even with a barely noticeable breath of wind, they sway exquisitely, attracting the attention of passers-by. If you carefully examine the photo of the dicenter, you can notice its unique beauty and understand why the flower is called “Broken Heart”.

An old legend tells of the unhappy love of a lovely girl Jeanette. Once she got lost in a dense forest and got into trouble. A brave young man, whom she fell in love with, came to her aid. Since then, the girl has been looking for a meeting with him. And when I saw him with another woman, my heart was torn to pieces. Jeanette died, but in memory of her unhappy love, a flower grew, the buds of which resemble a broken heart. Of course, the story is very sad. However, many types of dicenter give their fans pleasant moments of pleasure..

The flower belongs to the Dymyankovye family. In its natural environment, it is found in China, the Far East and North America.

General description of the plant

dicenter in the garden The dicentra is a lush herb with a long fleshy root. The ground part is decorated with purple shoots, on which feathery foliage of a dissected nature is located. Amazing heart-shaped buds appear against the backdrop of lush greenery in late spring. Depending on the type of dicenter, they are:

  • pink;
  • carmine;
  • cream;
  • white;
  • purple;
  • red;
  • yellow.

amazing flower dicenterThe size of each bud is about 2 cm, but, lined up on an arched shoot by the “company”, they look very attractive. The buds collected in drooping brushes, exquisitely rise above the greenery. The lower part is slightly open and decorated with a snow-white “drop” of delicate petals.

high and low varieties of dicentraSome varieties of dicentra are capable of growing up to a meter in height, although there are those that reach only 30 cm. The leaf plates of the flower resemble delicate green lace with a subtle bluish tint. Even when the plant does not bloom, it itself is admirable due to the decorative foliage..

After flowering, black seed pods are formed on the shoots. If they are collected on time, then the seeds remain viable for 2 years..

Dicenter species are a great gift from nature

gift of natureThe beauty of wild plants has captivated the hearts of caring people for more than one millennium. Each of them has a predisposition for selection, which is why so many different types of plants have appeared in our gardens. This also applies to the dicenter. Today biologists have more than 20 varieties of this pretty garden flower. As a result, the plant can delight people with its buds in early spring, summer and even mid-autumn. A truly gorgeous plant! Consider several popular varieties.

The flower was described in 1735 by the famous botanist Carl Linnaeus. Introduced to Europe from Japan in 1816.

Beautiful

the bleeding center is beautifulThe magnificent guest from North America, “Dicentra formosa” was cultivated for decorative purposes in the early 19th century. This perennial plant grows up to 30 or 40 cm in height. Elastic shoots are decorated with green foliage on long petioles. In some varieties, it comes with a delicate silvery shade. Inflorescences appear in the summer months and are painted in the following colors:

  • cream;
  • pink;
  • red;
  • white.

delicate flowers dicenterThe luxurious buds of the beautiful dicentra immediately catch the eye, since they are collected in racemose inflorescences. From a distance, they resemble a lush bouquet of bright flowers. The plant tolerates cold winters wonderfully, despite its sophisticated appearance. There are several subspecies of this luxurious flower..

Aurora

Aurora varietyThe plant grows up to 35 cm in height and can bloom in one area for up to 8 years. Thanks to this, with the help of the beautiful dicenter – Aurora, gardeners form unique landscapes of the dacha territory. Outwardly, it resembles a lush grassy bush with delicate grayish-green pinnately dissected leaves. The buds are heart-shaped and painted white. Feels great in semi-shaded areas of the garden and in sunny places. Winter hardy. In severe frosts (below 30 ° C), the white dicentra needs additional shelter.

Thanks to the fleshy rhizome, which penetrates deep into the soil in search of moisture, the plant does not need to be watered. Accordingly, wetlands are not suitable for growing such a dicenter..

Bakchanal (Bekkanal)

Bachkanal varietyA charming herbaceous perennial grows up to 80 cm in height. He is able to delight his fans for a whole season. Dicentra beautiful Bakchanal wonderfully takes root both in open areas and in partial shade. In addition, it perfectly tolerates frost in winter..

Dicentra formosa Bacchanal

The flower buds resemble a heart pierced by an arrow, which indicates the legend of the plant’s name. Someone sees them as stylish medallions that hang on flexible peduncles against the background of rich greenery. Dicentra Bekkanal (as it is sometimes called) is distinguished by inflorescences of dark red or purple color. The lower tip of the bud is decorated with a white border. Some hybrid varieties only grow up to 20 cm and are considered dwarf varieties. They also have blue-green carved leaf plates. The “hearts” of the buds are flattened. Size – about 2 cm in diameter. One flowering period lasts approximately 15 days.

Laksharient

dicenter LaksharientThe perennial undersized beauty attracts true admirers of flowering plants. It grows up to about 35 cm. It is compact and beautifully shaped bush. Dicentra beautiful Laksharient gives an abundance of exquisite buds from early May to mid-September. Its openwork carved leaf plates are located near the soil in the root area. They are painted silver-green. Long brushes, decorated with heart-shaped buds, appear on thin tall shoots. Most often they are purple-pink in color. Ornamental shrub wonderfully tolerates shaded areas of the garden.

King of Hearts

dicenter King of HeartsAlthough this popular subspecies grows up to 25 cm, it successfully takes root both in open areas and in the shade. Heart-shaped buds of the King of Hearts dicentra are colored pink or purple. They appear on the bush at the end of May and are pleasing to the eye until September. The leaf plates, which form the basal rosette, are painted in two colors: the upper part is green, the back is bluish. The plant feels great in a flower bed for 6 years. After that, he needs a transplant. The flower is used for mixed country flower beds, alpine slides and as single bushes at the borders.

Gorgeous

magnificent dicenterAn amazingly cute look of this flower is found in its natural environment in China. In Europe, it began to be used for cultivation in flower beds and gardens at the beginning of the 19th century. Since it grows up to 100 cm, it is considered a tall garden decoration. The species tolerates frost wonderfully, although sometimes it needs additional shelter. There are several varieties of this slender giant..

Alba

dicenter of albaThe amazingly attractive dicenter, magnificent Alba, has long won the hearts of color lovers. It does not require special care, but it pleases with abundant flowering, which lasts more than a month. The bushes grow up to 100 cm, so they look original against the background of other plants..

lush bloomSuch a gorgeous white dicentra has graceful buds. It is not only the color that is striking, but also the shape. In addition, its flowers retain their freshness for a long time when cut..

To stimulate flowering, the plant is planted in fertile soil, which is regularly fed. In autumn, all shoots are cut, leaving 5 cm, and then covered with spruce branches.

Dicentra Spectabilis

Dicentra SpectabilisThe plant is distinguished by many tall (about 60 cm) shoots, on which huge leaves grow. They have a dissected character, which is harmoniously combined with amazing clusters of buds gracefully hanging from flexible peduncles. The gorgeous pink dicentra is a wonderful decoration for a summer cottage. Her cute “flashlights” leave no one indifferent. Delicate, pink inflorescences with snow-white tips, amazingly sway with a light breath of breeze. Therefore, the plant immediately appears on the territory of country houses. In addition, “Dicentra Spectabilis” blooms profusely for several months, bringing people joy and satisfaction..

Dicentra Eximia

Dicentra EximiaThe flower was brought to Europe from the North American continent in the last century. It grows wonderfully in flower beds in the company of local flowers. The peculiarity of “Dicentra Eximia” is that the plant has thickened long shoots without leaves. They decorate only the root rosette of the flower. The buds are located on arched peduncles and are collected in graceful brushes. Abundant flowering occurs in late spring and continues until early autumn. Dicentra variety, exclusive “Eximia”, is considered frost-resistant. In colder latitudes, the plant is covered with spruce branches or peat.

Graceful

dicentra gracefulThe original bushes of this plant are planted along curbs or dividing fences. Its tall foliage is located in the root zone. Therefore, the flower resembles a fern. Dicenter graceful pleases its fans with amazing pink buds, which are collected in voluminous bouquets. The flowering period lasts the whole summer. Who would refuse such beauty? Only indifferent people.

Golden tears

dicenter golden tearsA gorgeous piece of art from the universe – the Golden Tears dicenter. An adult plant can reach a height of more than 2 m. Flexible but strong shoots are strewn with many leaves of an oval slightly elongated shape. During the flowering period, the bush puts on a blanket of bright yellow “broken hearts”. All of them are neatly arranged on clusters up to 20 cm long.Gorgeous bouquets appear on the plant for at least 2 years after planting..

During the flowering period, the dicenter needs artificial support and tying. So she can maintain her lush attractiveness throughout the season..

Golden vine

dicentra golden vineThis perennial plant resembles a tropical liana from the side. It grows up to 2.5 m and is wonderfully held on to a support made by gardeners. The Golden Vine depicted in the photo of the bleeding center looks very attractive. Its small, light green foliage completely covers the plant. Therefore, bright yellow buds of large sizes look original against their background. The flower-bearing clusters are abundantly strewn with unblown buds and flowers from late spring to the first frost. Near the dicenter, gardeners feel amazing tranquility and truly “heavenly delight”.

Plant for shade – video

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