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Choosing dogwood varieties for your favorite garden

dogwood varieties for summer cottages Not everyone likes the fruits of this unique shrub, but its beneficial properties encourage gardeners to think about growing it. Before getting down to business, it would be wise to consider the proposed dogwood varieties that successfully bear fruit in our area. And when there is knowledge, it is easier to make a choice..

Acquaintance with affordable exotic

healthy berries in the garden In early spring, when the trees are just beginning to wake up, delicate flowers bloom on the branches of the dogwood. A heady aroma emanates from them, and observers do not cease to rejoice in the beauty of nature. It is this shrub that marks the change of seasons and the awakening of nature..

Dogwood is a deciduous shrub or small tree. The plant got its name, most likely, from the color of its unique fruits, which ripen in late August or early autumn. Translated from the Turkic language, the word “kizil” means “red”. In nature, various varieties of dogwood are found on the territory:

  • Europe;
  • Asia Minor;
  • China;
  • Of Japan.

The shrub began to be cultivated in ancient Greece and Rome. For this, the gardeners selected the best options, and then planted them in their plots. In the middle latitudes, various varieties of dogwood were cultivated already in the 17th century. Since the then reigning king was keenly interested in exotic plants.

According to some historians, the first settlers of the American continent used dogwood to brush their teeth. From its wood, the natives made arrows, and over time, household items..

fruiting dogwoodAs a rule, dogwood reaches 2.5 m in height. Its crown consists of glossy red or orange shoots. If a branch comes into contact with the soil, then in a short time it is able to put down roots and turn into a new shrub. Numerous shoots of the plant are crowned with foliage of the opposite character, which is colored dark green. Depending on the climatic conditions of the territory where the dogwood grows, the flowering period begins at different times..

dogwood berries of different colorsAfter successful pollination on the bush, fruits appear in the form of a drupe, painted in colors:

  • deep red;
  • Orange;
  • Navy blue;
  • black;
  • black and blue;
  • pink;
  • yellow;
  • purple.

white dogwoodEspecially impressive for gardeners is the white dogwood with a firm crust and delicate flesh.. Ripening begins in August, but the fruits acquire a special taste after the first frost. In form, they are:

  • elongated cylindrical;
  • pear-shaped;
  • round;
  • barrel-shaped.

In addition, different types of berries differ in their taste. Some of them are slightly dry, others are juicy. Occur with a tart flavor or a savory sweetness.

Dogwood varieties for every taste

ripe dogwood fruitToday, there are about 50 different types of dogwood.. Each of them has its own characteristics:

  • shrub height;
  • crown diameter;
  • flowering time;
  • ripening period of fruits;
  • taste of drupes;
  • resistance to temperature extremes;
  • habitat;
  • ways of leaving.

In the light of these principles, we will consider popular varieties that can be grown in your own summer cottage..

Semyon

variety SemyonAn amazing tree with a compact but dense oval-shaped crown can delight its fans with juicy fruits during the autumn harvest. We are talking about a late-ripening type of dogwood – Semyon, a description of which we will begin from its merits.

The tree miraculously tolerates winter cold and summer periods of drought. It is sufficiently resistant to diseases and pests. The variety was developed in Crimea in the last century. Dogwood fruits are pear-shaped, weighing about 8 g. They are colored dark red with a glossy dense skin. The pulp of the drupe is dense. Taste – sweet and sour with typical aroma. The pear-shaped variety of dogwood ripens at the end of August, after which it is widely used for canning, making jam and various drinks.

After the first frost, the fruits acquire a special flavor. Therefore, some gardeners deliberately do not pick fruits from the tree, waiting for the cold weather..

Firefly

grade FireflyAn adult tree of this species produces approximately 50 kg of fruit in one season. They taste sweet and sour with a barely perceptible astringency inherent in the Kizilov family. The shape of the drupes resembles miniature pears, which weigh about 8 grams. The outer rind is dark cherry colored. And the pulp, of medium density, is distinguished by unprecedented juiciness. Fruits ripen in early September and do not crumble until spring.

Dogwood Firefly is a frost-resistant plant that can withstand temperatures as low as -30 ° C. It has a pretty crown of a pyramidal structure, consisting of many glossy leaves. Blooms in early spring with bright buds exuding a pleasant aroma.

Lukyanovsky

Lukyanovsky varietyShrubs of this variety are distinguished by high productivity, resistance to frost and summer droughts. The plant forms a compact, round crown that blends harmoniously with other garden trees. Cornelian variety Lukyanovsky has pear-shaped fruits. Some of them resemble miniature bottles of the same size. The outer skin of the berries is dark red, and when they reach full ripeness, they become almost black.

Amber

grade AmberThis amazing shrub was bred in 1982. It is a fruiting plant with a pyramidal crown, on which bright yellow berries appear every year. When they reach full maturity, they become almost transparent. And even a bone shines through in the sun.

The description of the amber dogwood is worthy of special attention, since amazing desserts are obtained from this variety. Delicate yellow pulp, exuding a tart aroma, will please even the most implacable gourmets.

Helena

Elena gradeThe plant was bred for residents of northern latitudes, where winter frosts reach 35 degrees. The dogwood variety Elena was obtained by crossing two species: Vydubitsky and Starokievsky in 1975. Fruit ripening occurs in August. Up to 40 kg of berries are harvested from one adult tree per season. They are usually cupped, deep red in color with a shiny crust..

The dense pulp wonderfully lags behind the stone, which is especially important when harvesting the fruit for the winter.

Elegant

grade ElegantThe variety is presented in the form of a tree that can grow up to 2 m in height. It has a sparse cupped crown. Its width can reach 2.5 m. That is why the variety was named Elegant dogwood. The description of the fruit of the plant leaves observers in awe. After all, berries appear before them, resembling miniature bottles with a narrowed neck. The berries are evenly distributed throughout the tree, which is also admirable. When ripe, they turn dark cherry, almost black..

Although dogwood tolerates winters well, it should be remembered that frosts below 30 degrees can damage young shoots of the bush. In such areas, the plant needs additional shelter..

Gentle

grade DelicateAn elegant shrub with a sparse crown of an oval-pyramidal shape grows up to 2 meters. It can become a real decoration of the suburban area. Dogwood Tender is distinguished by yellow berries that look like bottles. The glossy skin of the fruit is very thin. Sometimes it shines through so that a fusiform bone is visible. Ripening occurs in the last week of August. This fragrant yellow dogwood fruit contains many valuable health-promoting elements. During heat treatment, the berries retain their beneficial properties..

Coral

coral dogwoodA perennial tree can grow up to 3 meters if it is not cut off in time. Dogwood Coral begins to bear fruit for 3 years after planting in a permanent place. He never ceases to delight his fans with berries for 50 years. Culinary experts from Caucasian countries add fruit to meat dishes, salads and pilaf. To the taste, the coral burshtin dogwood is somewhat reminiscent of a sweet cherry that has not yet ripened. When berries appear on the tree, it seems as if someone has scattered coral beads against the background of lush greenery. A truly wonderful sight.

Exotic

variety ExoticThe plant was obtained as a result of painstaking work of breeders. A detailed description of the Exotic dogwood variety makes it possible to imagine this exquisite shrub. The fruits ripen on it at the end of August, which makes it possible to nourish the soul with them before the onset of winter. The berries of the plant resemble miniature bowling pins of practically the same size. At first, they are painted red-green, and when fully ripe, they acquire a dark red uniform color. The pulp of such a dogwood is sweet and sour and juicy. Has a delicate aroma.

Builda

build gradeA small compact tree with a dense oval crown can not only decorate the garden, but also bring great benefits to its owners. A simple description of the Bild dogwood variety will help you fall in love with its fruits. They are all the same size, as if someone had sat and cut them out. The original ribbed pear shape is admirable. Lovers of miniatures may envy such a work of art. The dense but juicy pulp has a sweet and sour taste. Easily detaches from the fusiform bone. Ripening occurs at the end of August, but the berries can remain on the tree until late autumn. So fans of dogwood always have a fresh set of vitamins at hand..

Vladimirsky

Vladimir varietyThe plant is famous for its large black and red berries and high yield. Up to 60 kg of fruit can be harvested from a 20-year-old tree. Kizil Vladimirsky was obtained as a result of selection of several varieties. Therefore, its fruits are especially interesting for gardeners. All the same size, shiny in the sun, brightly colored, sweet in taste. What else is needed for complete happiness? In addition, they ripen at the end of summer, supplementing the arsenal of vitamins, which it is important to stock up on for the winter..

Vydubitsky

dogwood VydubitskyOne of the most stable varieties that bears fruit every year is Vydubitsky dogwood. Up to 60 kg of berries are harvested from one tree. In appearance, they resemble small pears. Painted in dark red tones. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour with notes of specific astringency. Ripe harvest is harvested in the second half of September.

Seaside

Cornelian PrimorskyA winter-hardy tree that miraculously tolerates mid-latitude winters, every year it gives its owners delicious fruits. Cornelian Primorsky is considered a mid-season variety, since the berries can be eaten at the end of July. They are usually the same size and ripen almost at the same time. At first, the fruits are colored deep red. And over time, they become almost black, which is the highlight of this variety..

Mosfir

dogwood MosfirSome species of dogwood are grown in small quantities at experimental stations. One of them is the dogwood Mosfir. It is a spreading tree up to 3 meters high. It bears pear-shaped fruits of dark red color. Ripening occurs in mid-August, so the berries are actively used for canning.

We select new varieties of dogwood – video

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