A new touch in landscape design – growing magnolia in the garden
You don’t have to live by the sea to enjoy the beauty of this amazing plant. Growing magnolias in the garden is quite possible. Saplings of different varieties successfully take root in many regions, grow in partial shade and are able to tolerate winter cold without loss..
The scent of this flower has a beneficial effect on the nervous system, soothes and relieves stress..
But if you stay too long where magnolias grow, your head can hurt. The aroma of this plant is used by world perfume brands (Kenzo, Yves Rocher, Aqua di Parma).
Description and types
The name magnolia refers to deciduous or evergreen ornamental trees (less commonly shrubs). Their height reaches 4 – 6 m (in some species up to 10 – 12 m). The bark is ashy or brown, smooth to the touch, with scales or grooves. Widespread due to unusually beautiful large flowers with a pleasant aroma. They can be white, yellow, cream, purple. From 6 to 12 petals can form on one flower. The care and cultivation of magnolia is not difficult, and its flowering is a truly mesmerizing sight..
Species diversity and frost resistance
The most resistant varieties: Kobus, Siebolda, large-leaved, large-flowered, willow, Lebner.
Less resistant varieties: umbrella, white, nude, Sulange, lily.
In Siberia, you can also plant and care for magnolia. In this case, varieties are chosen that can withstand the cold well..
Growing magnolias in a garden from seeds
To date, it is not a problem to acquire the seed of this culture. For cultivation in the suburbs, they most often buy Siebold’s magnolia. As a rule, the grains are covered with a protective shell (sarcotesta). Beneath it there will be another layer in the form of a white oily substance. It protects seeds from early germination. All these shells must be removed before planting. Rinse the seeds themselves well with clean running water. The next step is to subject to cold hardening (stratification).
Some gardeners sow frost-hardy magnolia seeds in the fall directly into open soil, covering them with leaves..
Wrap the grains in slightly moistened moss and leave them in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf for about 3-5 months. The most suitable temperature is 0 °. If it is lower, seeds and seedlings may die. Check the material once a week. As soon as the grains germinate, plant them in containers. Take a deep enough pot (about 40 cm), fill it with fertile soil with peat.
Growing magnolias in the garden requires soil monitoring. Souring of the soil is unacceptable, it must be well-drained to allow air to pass to the roots. Lay out the bottom of the pot with a 10 cm layer of expanded clay drainage. Soak germinated seeds in a stimulant solution (as indicated in the instructions). Bury each grain about 2 cm in moist soil. Place the container in a warm place with plenty of bright, diffused light. If the air is very dry, take care of the greenhouse. After the emergence of shoots, the conditions of detention should be left the same. When two pairs of leaves are formed, water with a weakly concentrated solution of fertilizer for seedlings.
Planting magnolias is best done in the fall, when young seedlings stop growing. Depending on the region, sometime in early or mid-October. That is, when there is still no frost, but it is no longer hot outside.
Hardening and fit
When the spring frosts pass, the pots can be put outside in partial shade. At night, it is still necessary to bring them into the room. As soon as a stable, even positive temperature is established at night, containers with magnolia can no longer be brought in, but, for example, dug in the garden.
Seedlings – first years should winter indoors. You can store them in the cellar. The main thing is that they do not freeze. Keep conditions the same for the next year..
In the spring, take out the magnolia seedling into the garden, water it regularly and apply fertilizing from mineral fertilizers. But in the third year, you can safely transplant your magnolia into open ground. First, it has already passed the hardening period. Secondly, when transplanting on the roots, it is imperative to preserve an earthen lump. Thus, the plant will experience less stress and the roots will be protected from damage. But before you plant a magnolia, you need to choose the right site. The place should be sunny, protected from northerly and easterly winds. In the south, where the sun is especially hot, partial shade is acceptable.
Cuttings are also used to propagate magnolias. They are cut from young specimens towards the end of July. 2 – 3 leaves are necessarily left at the top, and the cut is treated with a root formation stimulator.
The cutting is planted in a container with sand, covered and kept at a temperature of 19 – 22 degrees for 5 to 8 weeks. Cuttings are planted in open ground no earlier than a year later. If you decide to place it immediately in the garden, take care of a good shelter..
Soil and watering
Magnolia soil should be light, slightly acidic, fertile. Also, a prerequisite for the ground is that it must pass air well. In addition, moisture in the area should not stagnate. Heavy, long-drying soil, not the best option for growing magnolias in the garden. The pit should be about three times the size of the root system in volume. Pour rubble and broken branches to the bottom as drainage. Lay out fertile soil on top (you can mix it with rotted manure and small coniferous bark).
Planting and caring for magnolia in the Moscow region is no different from other regions. The main thing is to protect the roots.
Therefore, the top layer of the earth is not recommended to be strongly compacted. Be sure to mulch with coniferous bark. This will make it easier to maintain the necessary moisture and acidity of the soil. If new leaves and shoots appear, then everything is done correctly, and the plant has taken root..
Water the magnolia with warm, soft water regularly during hot weather. Avoid drying out or waterlogging the ground.
Top dressing and other secrets
You can achieve lush flowering from a plant if you follow certain rules:
- Fertilizers are needed for stable growth and beautiful flowering. The first feeding of magnolias is done in the spring. In order for the plant to bloom beautifully, it is better to add mineral compositions with a high nitrogen content to the soil (excellent growth stimulation). When buds are tied and during flowering, it is better to use special complexes designed for flowering plants. Dosages are calculated strictly according to the instructions. July is the time of the last feeding. From the end of August, magnolias gradually enter a dormant period and prepare for wintering. Any stimulation of growth at this time is contraindicated..
- The bottom of the trunk and roots must be covered for the winter. To do this, use a special cloth, straw or spruce branches..
- Care must be taken with transplants. The superficial root system is very easy to damage. Therefore, if you can see that the tree is good in the selected area, you do not need to transfer it anywhere..
- The crop is believed to be disease and pest resistant. But for prevention, it is still worth periodically treating with special biological products.
- Planting and caring for magnolia outdoors includes pruning. But this should be done only when necessary: for example, if there are branches crossed inside the crown. They need to be cut. This procedure will improve growth and decorativeness. Remove dry branches and frozen buds after flowering. All cuts must be processed with garden pitch. Trim magnolias shrubs to give them a compact and beautiful shape.
Feel free to experiment. Create favorable conditions in your garden, and you will definitely make friends with this exotic beauty.