Overview of fast-growing perennial shrubs for hedges in the country
Each site requires a secure fence. An excellent alternative to the traditional fence will be a fast-growing, perennial hedge, it will not only protect the property from prying eyes and uninvited guests, but also color the entire territory.
With a thoughtful selection, the shrubs will not take much time and effort to care, but in return will give a naturally renewing fence that performs several important functions at once.
Requirements for fast growing shrubs and hedges
Perennial shrubs selected for bordering the site can be deciduous and evergreen, tall and very small, decorative deciduous, flowering and even fruit.
At the same time, a hedge based on them not only plays the role of a “green border”, it:
- helps to divide the space inside into functional zones;
- cleans the air, and when choosing flowering shrubs, it is a honey plant and a serious bait for pollinating insects;
- changing its appearance throughout the year, decorates the territory;
- keeps loose soils on the slopes of ravines, prevents soil erosion;
- protects garden and vegetable gardens from cold air, direct sunlight.
There are several important requirements for the fast-growing hedge shrubs themselves. Such plants should not only stand out for the speed of shoot formation, but also:
- unpretentiousness, that is, do without painstaking care;
- frost resistance, especially in regions with harsh winters and the danger of spring return cold;
- the ability to form a uniformly dense green wall;
- good tolerance of regular forming pruning.
Planting maintenance will be much easier if fast growing hedge bushes do not grow over time, leaving the boundaries of their designated areas..
True, it is not always possible to find such cultures. Therefore, summer residents use simple agricultural techniques that help curb the indomitable desire of shrubs to take up as much space as possible. The easiest way to limit the planting trenches during planting is to dig in slate sheets to the depth of the root system.
What shrubs for hedges grow quickly and best meet the requirements listed above?
Types of fast growing hedge shrubs
Evergreens have recently been used to create hedges. Such plantings retain color brightness regardless of the season. Junipers and thuja are easy to cut and keep their shape perfectly. However, conifers have one drawback – in most cases, they grow slowly..
In deciduous crops, the growth rate is much higher than that of conifers, and high decorativeness from spring to autumn compensates for the lack of foliage in winter..
What types of shrubs are suitable for a perennial, fast-growing, hedge? A small selection of well-known plants with photos will help you make the right choice..
One of the first places in popularity among such breeds is deservedly occupied by the barberry. Plants with densely foliated shoots perfectly tolerate both shearing and Russian winters. They can be safely recommended as fast-growing plants for hedges for the Moscow region, other areas of the middle lane and even to the north..
Thanks to the leaves and fruits that persist on the branches for a long time, the hedge, changing its appearance, remains attractive throughout the year. And the presence of thorns on dense branches adds to its reliability. At the disposal of summer residents today there are enough orts not only with traditional green foliage, but also purple-purple, golden. From variety to variety, the maximum possible height of plants, and hence the hedges, also seriously changes..
For medium-sized fences of strict or free form, the vesicle is often chosen. The leaves of the plant resemble viburnum foliage in shape, the lush flowering, which occurs in the first half of summer, is no less impressive than that of viburnum or spirea. In addition, the average growth of this winter-hardy and completely picky shrub leaves about 40 cm per year..
With regular shearing, a perennial hedge made from a fast-growing shrub is not so densely covered with flowers, but acquires additional density and solidity. If the vesicle is not trimmed, the crown width and height can reach 4 meters..
For small decorative fences and borders, there is no better shrub than a snowberry. A hedge based on a plant grows up to 80-120 cm, and although it does not have sufficient density, it is interesting at any time of the year.
From the end of the vein to mid-summer, white or pink flowers are visible between the oval bluish-green leaves. Then, in their place, unusual fruits appear, similar to lumps of snow. They persist on the bush even in winter..
Hawthorn is incredibly popular with landscape designers. The photo of a fast-growing shrub for a hedge shows that the plant not only meets all the requirements for such crops, it retains its decorative effect from spring to late autumn.
Choosing one of the tall species of hawthorn, you can surround the house and garden with a dense green wall, which actively attracts bees in spring, and by the end of summer pleases with brushes of ripening fruits.
On the branches of many varieties of hawthorn, there are peculiar lignified outgrowths, similar to long thorns. They will help make the hedge not only tall and attractive, but also impregnable..
Amazing in every respect, tall, fast-growing hedge shrub, good for fences from 120 to 180 cm.
Due to the wide crown of the plant, it needs a regular and fairly frequent haircut. But the grown hedge in winter, thanks to the bright reddish shade of the shoots, will be an excellent landmark..
In spring, it blooms on a shrub with variegated foliage in silvery-green, pink-green or yellow-green tones, and by autumn white globular fruits appear in place of white brushes.
Caragana or yellow acacia
This ornamental plant is extremely winter-hardy, unpretentious and can easily do without regular watering..
The yellow acacia can be used as a sapling or a fast growing hedge shrub. Landing in this case turns out to be dense, plastic, decorative. In height, such a fence can reach 4 meters. the plant keeps its shape well and does not strive to form a lot of growth. It will be useful in the garden as an excellent honey plant.
Park and polyanthus rose
The hedges of the bushes of park and polyanthus roses look incredibly beautiful, magnificent and stylish..
Plants by their very appearance create the atmosphere of a Victorian garden, while such hedges are not given a strict form, but only support the decorative effect of the shrub. However, it must be remembered that all roses tend to give shoots, which are carefully cut.
A luxurious hedge in a free style is obtained from various types of spirea, which responds well to a haircut of a mock-orange, as well as lilacs traditionally grown in summer cottages. All these crops bloom excellently and survive the winter without loss..
Blackthorn and other thorny fast growing shrubs for hedges
Unsurprisingly, thorn crops are often chosen for green garden fencing. A thorny perennial hedge of fast-growing species, even with insufficient density and in the absence of foliage, turns into an insurmountable obstacle not only for people, but also for street animals and livestock. With such a fence for the site, you can be calm!
One of the most thorny shrubs used in landscaping, it is only slightly inferior to rose hips. This is a thorn or blackthorn with oval dark green foliage and rounded bluish-blue tart drupes. A frost-resistant, excellent shearing-tolerant bush in a couple of years turns into part of a dense homogeneous hedge, which can not only delimit the territory, but also perfectly strengthen the slope of a ravine or reservoir.
Bush fences have no less effect:
- sea buckthorn, branching well when pruning, unpretentious and abundantly giving root shoots;
- Japanese quince, suitable for creating low decorative borders.
Black chokeberry and irga
To create high garden fences, in addition to protection, providing owners with tasty fruits, irga and chokeberry are planted. These plants are able to form a hedge up to 3 meters high and above..
They are winter-hardy, undemanding to growing conditions and delight the eye not only with festive white flowering, but also with tassels of edible fruits, as well as foliage that changes color by autumn.