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Perennial flowers for borders: formation rules

perennial flowers for borders To isolate and emphasize a flower bed or path, perennial flowers are used for borders. Framing is created up to 50 cm wide – this size is the most optimal for both landscape design and plant care.

With a relatively small width, the length of the border can be impressive. To obtain the greatest effect, you should correctly approach the selection of plants..

Perennial flowers for borders

border perennials Borders can be monochromatic and multi-colored. And also 1-tier, 2-tier and multi-tiered.

Unlike summer plants, plants that do not require complete replacement for several years are more beneficial in terms of planting and care..

When choosing perennial colors for borders, you should be guided by the following characteristics:

  1. What do they prefer – light or partial shade.
  2. Ability to fill the designated area.
  3. Landing height should not exceed 0.5 m.
  4. Growth intensity. Better to stick with perennial flowers for borders with an average development rate.
  5. Requirements for conditions and care.
  6. The ability to maintain its decorative properties under adverse weather conditions and throughout the growing season.
  7. Fast recovery.

Compatibility with other perennials is also important for the border in plantings..

In the shade, you can plant: astilba, galanthus, periwinkle, brunner, irises, hellebore. In the sun – aquilegia, veronica, heuchera, daffodils, feathery carnations, tulips. You can plant flowers in the form of a mixborder from plants of different heights.

Low-growing perennial border flowers (photo)

stunted border flowersOne of the most valuable characteristics of ground cover crops is the rapid development of the planting site. When they grow, they create a dense blooming carpet..

When framing the path, so that the stems and leaves of flowers do not interfere with free movement, they should be planted, slightly retreating from the edge of the path.

Undersized border flowers include the following.


arabisRooting from its own shoots, forming a new plant, does not tolerate stagnant melt water and waterlogging.

It grows quickly, therefore constant monitoring is required, shoots are used for breeding. Arabis is a good honey plant, so during flowering there will be many bees on the plantations..

In difficult plantings, good companions for rezuha are:

  • marigold;
  • nasturtium;
  • chamomile border;
  • calendula;
  • alissum.

Flowers of a lilac, pink, white or yellow shade are presented in the form of a loose rosette, the leaves are bright green, but there are varieties with and with variegated leaves. Withstands frosts up to 3-5 degrees.


AyugaDecorative leaves are bright and dark green, blue, purple, burgundy. Lush flowers – blue, blue, purple, yellow.

Loves moisture and shading, but can also tolerate the sun, tolerates mild winters well, shelter is required in extreme cold.

It spreads over the site due to layering, so you need to monitor the plantings. Self-seeding should not be allowed, as the plants are frail and weak..

The foliage does not shed for the winter, the color remains even under the snow, which is very valuable for plant borders. Has increased resistance to trampling, does not require maintenance and looks great. Combine well with bulbous flowers.


periwinkleLeathery leaves of saturated green color retain their color under the snow, single flowers of violet shades.

The plant prefers shade and partial shade, but tolerates both the sun and strong shading. Periwinkle emphasizes the beauty of neighboring flowers, therefore it is often used in mixborders.


aubrietLoves poor rocky soils, can be planted among stone steps, concrete slabs.

Plant height is 15 cm, the leaves are green, single flowers of crimson, purple, white or red shade form loose groups. The variety of varieties allows you to mix different colors. Good neighbors are: rezuha, phlox, spurge, iris, alissum.

Low-growing perennials for the border

undersized perennialsFrom these flowers, you can create a variety of borders that decorate the site..


primroseA shade-loving plant with flowers of different shapes and shades. If you combine various hybrids, species and varieties of primroses, you can get a continuously flowering border..

They are good neighbors for any border flowers in the country, because they grow without displacing them, but directing their growth to free space.

The best companions are:

  • hosts;
  • astilbe;
  • ferns;
  • miniature conifers.

Primroses prefer moderate, constant soil moisture and diffused shade..

Carnation (dianthus)

CarnationPlant with a height of 20-25 cm with gray-green erect stems and linear leaves, fragrant flowers of various colors – from white to red.

There are varieties with double inflorescences. If faded shoots are removed in time, re-flowering is possible. Due to the unusual shade of leaves and stems, the plant looks quite decorative, even when not blooming.

Carpathian bell

bell carpathianThe plant belongs to the border flowers, blooming all summer with blue-violet flowers with a diameter of 2.5 cm.The height is 30 cm, prefers sunny or semi-shaded places, requires fertile and drained soil.

When the faded shoots are removed, new peduncles are formed, which prolongs the decorative effect of the bell for a long period. Cardinal pruning triggers a second wave of bloom.

In addition to traditional blue shades, depending on the variety, the plant can be either white or pink flowers..

Silvery curb grass

silvery curb grassPlants with silvery leaves perfectly complement and set off the flowers of neighbors.

It is widely used in landscape design, both by professionals and amateurs:

  1. Silvery-white or bluish-gray pubescent leaves of different varieties of wormwood find a place in the multifaceted mixborder and roadside border.
  2. From cypress santolina with its beaded leaves, ideal balls are obtained when cutting, which retain their shape for a long time.
  3. Cineraria seaside has silvery dissected leaves, which are becoming more widespread in recent years.

In addition to these plants, the Byzantine purse, gray fescue, eremurus and so on is interesting..

Curb rules

curb formationThe border should be created from several types of plants so that it is pleasing to the eye throughout the summer..

Bulbous perennials bloom first in spring – it is better to plant them closer to the path:

  • crocus;
  • snowdrop;
  • hyacinth;
  • narcissus;
  • Tulip.

Ground covers are also suitable – subulate phlox, herbal cloves, periwinkle, mint, basil, thyme.

This is followed by a strip of herbaceous plants that bloom in summer:

  • hosts;
  • matrix;
  • badan;
  • dwarf chrysanthemum.

They will cover with their blooming mass the primroses that have departed by that time.

The final strip of the border can be placed undersized flowering shrubs, not exceeding 40 cm in height, so as not to obscure the perspective or flower bed:

  • dwarf barberry;
  • garden lingonberry;
  • rose border;
  • japanese spirea.

When creating a border composition, you need to pay special attention to the selection of colors and shades of plants – in the same range or play of contrasts. In this case, plants should be planted thickened so that the harmony of the pattern is not interrupted..

What can be used to make live borders – video

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