How to grow a vibrant pyracantha bush garden decoration
The pyracantha shrub is an ornamental plant from the Pink family, widespread in southern Europe and in Southeast Asia. Due to its spectacular appearance and decorative appeal, the thorny shrub is used in landscape design to create original hedges. Pyracantha attracts attention with its lush flowering and an abundance of bright red or golden orange fruits.
Pyracantha shrub – botanical description
Pyracantha is an evergreen shrub, member of the Pink family. Under natural conditions, it grows in the southern regions of Europe, as well as in Southeast Asia. There are 7 species in total, including both cultural and wild ones. Outwardly, the pyracantha resembles a cotoneaster, and during the fruiting period – a mountain ash.
Botanical features of the pyracantha bush:
- Depending on the variety, the bushes can be spreading or upright, up to 4-6 m high.
- The root system is powerful, penetrates deep into the ground.
- The surface of the stems is covered with sparse and long spines 2-2.5 cm long.
- Serrated leaf plates, medium size, rich green hue.
- During the flowering period, lush paniculate inflorescences of a creamy white color are formed. They are made up of small flowers..
- Pyracantha fruits are miniature red or orange berries that resemble small apples. They are not poisonous, but they have a bitter taste, so they are most often not eaten..
The frost resistance of the pyracantha depends on its variety. Some varieties of shrubs tolerate a drop in air temperature to -20 ° C well.
Popular varieties of pyracantha
Winter hardiness of the pyracantha shrub depends on its variety. There are 7 varieties of the plant, but in the conditions of the Moscow region and other regions, only two species are grown – Narrow-leaved and Bright red.
They are distinguished by good winter hardiness and strong immunity to diseases and pests:
- Narrow-leaved pyracantha – in natural conditions it reaches 3-4 m in height. The leaf plates are narrow, 3-4 cm long, with oval or serrated tips and silvery pubescence. The inflorescences are large, 7-9 cm in diameter. The berries are bright orange or red in color and have a slightly flattened shape. Frost-resistant varieties include Golden Charmer and Orange Glow..
- Bright red pyracantha – bushes with creeping shoots have a height of no more than 1.5-2 m. Leaves are oval, oblong, up to 3-4 cm long, in September-October they change color from bright green to red. Inflorescences are snow-white or pink-cream. Fruits of a scarlet or coral hue, without pronounced bitterness, can be used to make jam and preserves.
In the Moscow region, pyracantha Narrow-leaved or Bright red can be grown in the open field, decorating a flower bed in the garden.
Low-growing and miniature varieties are great for growing at home as a houseplant. These include Sharlakhovaya and Gorodchaty pyracantha.
Planting and caring for a pyracantha, a photo of which can be presented below, does not cause difficulties even for novice gardeners. Ornamental shrub is undemanding to the quality of the soil, but thermophilic. For its cultivation, it is best to choose areas on the south side, well protected from wind and draft..
The plant is light-loving, but it can also grow in shaded areas. It is undesirable to plant the pyracantha in direct sunlight – from this, its foliage will quickly turn yellow and dry, the shrub will lose its decorative appeal.
The plant is grown by seed and vegetative method. Seed pyracantha is sown in the second half of October or early November. In the case of spring planting, the seed material must first be stratified by placing it on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for 6-8 weeks.
It is much easier and easier to grow pyracantha from seedlings. They can be purchased in early spring at any gardening nursery or store. Such seedlings are already adapted to the climatic conditions of the region and are distinguished by good winter hardiness..
Open ground transplant
You can start planting shrubs in open ground in early spring, immediately after the snow melts and the soil warms up. For this purpose, purchased seedlings or stratified seeds are used..
Pyracantha landing algorithm:
- 7-10 days before planting the shrub, dig the selected area to a depth of 30-40cm.
- Add humus to the dug beds and level.
- Prepare planting holes – their diameter should be 2 times the plant’s root system.
- If a pyracantha is planted to create a hedge, a distance of 60-80 cm should be left between the planting pits.
- Fill the bottom of the holes with a drainage layer of coarse river sand, small pebbles or rubble.
- Drive a support into the center of the hole – a wooden peg, towering 35-50 cm above the ground surface.
- Dip the seedling into the hole along with the earthy clod and gently straighten its roots. Fill the hole with soil.
After that, lightly tamp the soil, make a circular groove around the hole and pour in 10-15 liters of water. Tie a seedling to a peg, and mulch the soil with peat.
It is very easy to grow a pyracantha on the site, because this shrub is undemanding to care for. Standard agrotechnical procedures are enough for him – watering, periodic top dressing, weeding and loosening of the soil in the trunk circle.
Basic rules for caring for a pyracantha shrub:
- The plant has good drought resistance, so it does not need frequent watering. It is advisable to water young bushes every 7-8 days. For high-quality moistening of the pyracantha, it is best to pour water into a prepared groove dug around the trunk circle.
- Pyracantha does not require regular feeding. It is advisable to make them no more than 2 times per season – at the beginning of the stage of active growth of the shrub, as well as in late August or early September. To do this, use complex mineral fertilizers for ornamental shrubs..
- The shrub needs regular formative pruning. The first pruning can be done in late April or early May, removing all old, diseased and dry shoots.
Before the onset of winter, it is advisable to prepare the shrub – to insulate it with a thick layer of mulch. To do this, you can use humus, peat, spruce branches and other mulching material..
Reproduction of pyracantha
Most often, gardeners propagate pyracantha by cuttings – this is the simplest and most effective method. For this purpose, you can use lignified or green cuttings – in the second case, new roots will appear much faster.
Propagation by cuttings:
- During the spring pruning of the shrub, prepare cuttings – shoots 20-25 cm long.
- Remove leaves from the shoot and dip in a solution of Epin or another growth stimulant.
- Plant the prepared cutting at an angle in wet sand.
- Cover the container with cuttings with a transparent lid..
- Air the sprouts daily and water occasionally.
- It will take no more than 20-25 days to root the cuttings..
Pyracantha is an ornamental shrub popular with many gardeners. With minimal requirements for cultivation and care, it will decorate the summer cottage with lush, luxurious flowering and bright scarlet berries..