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Lawn grass: varieties and features of choice

The beauty of a lawn depends on the correct selection of seeds In an effort to save time and money, many homeowners are trying to create a lawn from existing vegetation. But no matter how much effort is invested, in such a situation it is not possible to achieve either the evenness of the coating, or its softness and durability..

What is the secret of special grass mixtures for lawns, the sowing of which ensures friendly germination and the formation of a dense green carpet, which retains its beauty for several years without much hassle? Obviously, the key lies in the selection of plants and the quality of grass seeds for the lawn, as well as in the proper care of the coating. How they approach the choice of plant species, and what properties such herbs should have, read in this article.

Necessary qualities of grass for a lawn

Lawn Grass Seeds Better than other crops, grasses can withstand the load experienced by the lawn. They are unpretentious, reproduce not only by sowing, but also vegetatively, easily tolerate a haircut, and with proper care they quickly grow and create an even grass cover.

But of the whole mass of cereals, not all are suitable for sowing on a green lawn. To be part of a grass mixture for a lawn, a plant must meet a number of requirements:

  1. First of all, attention is paid to the decorative qualities of the grass, its softness and the ability to maintain the brightness of the color for a long time..
  2. In the conditions of the middle lane, frost resistance of the culture is extremely important..
  3. The best lawn grasses form a branched root system that provides nutrition and development for plants on all types of soil.
  4. Plants to create a lawn should easily tolerate mowing by hand or lawn mowers and quickly recover from it..

Perennial grasses for the lawn predominate in the composition of specialized mixtures, which means that a year after sowing, the owner of the site will not have to renew the coverage..

The best species form a dense sod in one season, and the cover is renewed due to the formation of new shoots from existing plants.

Such a lawn takes care of itself. The roots of the grasses are so intertwined that they do not allow weed species to break through, and new ones quickly appear in the place of the dead rosettes. In addition, it is pleasant and safe to walk on the lawn, which is correctly selected, it tolerates adverse weather conditions and intensive use painlessly..

Smooth, beautiful coverage will be provided by specially selected grass seedsWhen choosing grass seeds for a lawn, be sure to take into account:

  • the purpose of the created coverage;
  • climatic features of the use of the lawn;
  • local natural factors such as lighting conditions, soil type, location of groundwater and even planting area.

Today, grass mixtures for lawns include about two dozen species of plants. But not all of them can withstand Russian operating conditions..

Types of perennial grasses for the lawn

Most often, varieties of bluegrass, bent grass and fescue are chosen as a seed crop. Mixes from major growers include ryegrass, hybrid grains specially formulated for use on lawns, and other grasses that provide special qualities to greens..

How to choose from the existing variety for giving that grass for the lawn, which would decorate the site for many years?

Meadow bluegrassAmong lawn grasses, meadow bluegrass is in the lead. This is a perennial herb, the height of which does not exceed 20 cm, and during the flowering period 80 cm.In Russia, the culture is easy to find not only on the lawn, but also in the wild, and the grass:

  • prefers soil rich in humus;
  • forms a powerful root system;
  • not afraid of intensive walking on the green cover;
  • starts growing season early;
  • easily resists heat;
  • recovers quickly after mowing.

This perennial lawn grass also has its drawback. The bluegrass coating does not show its full strength until one year after sowing..

If bluegrass is indicated among the grass seeds for the lawn, this means that the green cover will not suffer from the summer heat, will withstand shading and will not lose its decorative effect after a long period of rains..

Like bluegrass, various types of fescue are unpretentious cereals found everywhere in nature. Frost-resistant and drought-resistant red fescue is often used as grass for the lawn. The plant does not differ in its growth rate, but it feels great even on poorly nourished soils..Fescue in nature

At the dacha, such an affordable and extremely unpretentious meadow timothy may well become a grass for a lawn. The cereal, typical for many regions of the northern hemisphere, reaches a height of 30–80 cm, quickly forms elastic rosettes pleasant to the touch, is inexpensive and very attractive.

Escaping bent leaves a dense coverPole grass is famous for the density of the cover formed and the ability to tolerate low mowing. The grass has a wonderful color, gets along easily with other types of cereals and is resistant in a wide variety of weather conditions..

Before sowing grass for the lawn, you should carefully consider its properties. In the mixtures of foreign manufacturers, there are often cultures that are not able to provide the effect that they show at home..

An example is pasture ryegrass, which sometimes does not withstand Russian winters and dies at temperatures below –15 ° C and insufficient snow cover. As a result, already in the second season, the lush coverage after sowing noticeably thinns..View of the lawn in the second year with incorrectly selected seeds

Do not confuse meadow bluegrass with its annual relative. Fast growing lawn grass is propagated by seed only. In the first year, such a lawn will actively turn green, but with regular mowing it will not produce offspring and will lose its beauty after wintering. And such widespread grasses as sheep’s fescue, turf pike and hedgehog hedgehog change the landscape some time after sowing, forming noticeable bumps on an even lawn.

Sowing one crop or grass mixture for the lawn?

Lawn from a versatile seed mixSince all plants, in addition to positive qualities, have weaknesses, to create a high-quality green coverage of the site, grass mixtures are often used for lawns, which, depending on the purpose and sowing conditions, can be subdivided:

  • on rapidly emerging, that is, allowing you to get a new cover in a minimum time or restore a lost one;
  • on shade-tolerant, without loss of decorativeness and density of the cover, tolerating cultivation in the shade;
  • drought-resistant, remaining attractive and fresh in conditions of bright sunlight and lack of moisture.

In universal lawn seed mixtures, the creators try to combine all the listed qualities and give the gardener the opportunity to get a decent result in any conditions..

As for the advertising promises that the mixture contains grass for the lawn that does not require mowing, in most cases this is only slyness. No matter how stunted the cereals were, during the flowering period they throw out a peduncle, much higher than the foliage level..

Therefore, to preserve the external attractiveness and evenness of the cover, it is necessary, although not often mowed. Only such varieties of lawn as meadow and Moorish are not mowed, where grains, perennial and annual flowering crops are found in free growth.

In order for the plants to show their best side, the seeds for the lawn must have a high germination capacity, and the sowing is carried out evenly and in compliance with the accepted agricultural technology. Competent selection of the mixture allows you to emphasize the advantages of individual plants and level their shortcomings in such a way that the resulting lawn will be smoother and more beautiful in any weather, on any soil and with minimal maintenance..

In the video, recommendations for choosing grass mixtures for a lawn in the country

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