Wooden stairs in a private house (with a turn, railings, balusters). Drawings, diagrams + 75 PHOTOS
Wooden stairs to the second floor are gaining more and more popularity. I propose to consider the most common types. Experts recommend using such stairs in a private house. And they are completely right, since wood objects serve not one or two years, but decades, with a professional approach to processing.
Classification of wooden stairs
Despite the fact that there are many materials today, wood remains one of the most popular.
Easy combination with light interior
- looks great;
- does not emit harmful substances into the air;
- not expensive.
Today we will talk about wooden ones. About their types, device, installation options and some other points. So, let’s begin.
Complete your home with such an element
All, including wooden, stairs can be divided into several groups:
One of the design options for flights of stairs
There are also attic. Most often they are straight or folding. First of all, they must be functional and safe. Therefore they have no finishing.
Types of structures
Designer undulating in a two-story house
Marching was named in honor of the march – a kind of continuous canvas of steps. There can be several of them, as a rule, no more than three.
Wooden, decorated with rich wrought iron railings
In this case, between each of them there is a platform of exactly the same width..
The optimal number of steps, based on the length of a human step, is 10 – 15 pieces. If you do less or more, it will be uncomfortable to climb..
An interesting and functional solution – one of the steps of the staircase flows smoothly into the desk
- opening and closed; they differ in that the former have steps, the latter do not;
- straight and swivel.
Ladder-bookshelf – practical and functional
Marching rotary type can be of the form:
- letters G: the turning angle is 90 degrees;
- letters P: the turning angle is 180 degrees;
- trapezium: turning angle in the range from 90 to 180 degrees;
High handrails will make use more secure
Or combine several types, for example, a marching staircase with a spiral.
The undoubted advantage of the march is that there is free space under it, which can be turned, for example, into a pantry or, say, a dressing room.
When designing a structure, pay maximum attention to its ergonomic dimensions
There are several installation methods:
On a support pillarIt acts as a center around which the steps are twisted. The screw on the support pillar can stand anywhere, even in the center of the room.
More comfortable for lifting will be a structure, divided into several marches
At the same time, it will look great, speaking about the taste of the owner of the house..
Stairways are visually separated from the living area by transparent glass
On the support post and the wallThe most commonly used wedge-shaped steps from foreign companies. Their narrow part is attached to the support post, and the wide part – to the wall..
In a bowstring in the form of a spiral
Such a staircase is one of the most difficult, but also one of the most beautiful. For this reason, the price “bites”.
Flower top down view
The spiral staircase can be rotated up to 360 degrees. Therefore, firstly, the ceiling height must be at least 2 meters and, secondly, the structure itself must be open, i.e. without risers – so that the legs do not slip.
The distance between the steps makes the ladder visually light
Swing doors can be attributed to the front doors (we will talk about them a little later), since they are placed opposite the main entrance – in most cases.
Laconic checkerboard design
The modifications are different:
1with one march, from which two branches emanate in opposite directions (it either has a common area, or is divided into two more marches), suitable for small rooms; 2with two marches and a common area; useful if you need a living room on the ground floor.
Neat screw design
The ceremonies are available only for large houses.
Creative and wooden in a private house
They speak of a high social status of a person and, quite logically, are made of valuable wood species..
Railings can be:
- metal with wood inserts;
- no railings at all (instead of them horizontal or vertical cables, glass railings).
Marching view with a platform between floors
The steps of the front door can have some kind of decoration:
- decorative tiles;
The finishing of the risers can be either exactly the same or a similar color, or the opposite. There are front staircases and no steps at all.
Fascinating indoor design
You can put a carpet on the front staircase – it will bring a light touch of comfort.
Features of the device
The described species, like all the others, more precisely, their steps, are attached:
- on stringers;
- on the bowstring;
- on the bolts.
Avant-garde design sophisticated yet affordable
Below is a description of these systems.
Fastening stair steps to stringers
Kosour is a beam between two sites (adjacent floors). The wooden structure has two of them, the width is exactly the same as that of the march.
Wooden staircase with asymmetric flights
Grooves are cut on the upper part of the beam to lay the misdeeds. However, there are other ways that do not imply violation of the integrity of the structure:
- placement on filly;
- placement on a metal support.
Free space can accommodate furniture
The traditional version, with two braids, is optional. You can make one or three beams. Wooden structure on kosoura is suitable for those for whom not only appearance is important, but also “filling”.
Looks rich and solid in the interior
This design will serve faithfully for more than a dozen years..
Fastening steps on a bowstring
The bowstring is practically no different from the stringer. In fact, these are the same beams, only the steps do not look out from above, but hide below.
Metal wrought iron railing for nobility
The bowstring is mounted according to the following scenarios:
- grooves are cut out from the inside of the beam (it is necessary that the misdemeanors are connected either with the bowstring, or with each other, otherwise the steps will crawl out of the pits);
- the grooves are replaced with a bar or metal corner; it connects with the bowstring near the offense.
Crazy beauty attracts
In the first situation, most of the pressure is transferred to the bowstring, in the second – to the support. Therefore, when cutting grooves, look at the bowstring. It must be very strong..
Fastening the steps to the bolts
The fastening of the steps to the bolts makes it weightless. Boltz is a special bolt. One part of it is literally tightly attached to the wall, the other is just as strongly attached to the offense.
Unusual design in eco style
Fastening the stairs to the bolts makes it weightless. Boltz is a special bolt. One part of it is literally tightly attached to the wall, the other is just as strongly attached to the offense.
The result is a ladder floating in the air, which, despite this, is able to withstand two adults at the same time..
Excellent execution option
Experts fix one edge of the offense to the wall using horizontal bolts, and the other edge of the offense to the steps using vertical bolts. There are other methods as well. But this one is the most popular.
Creative style even here
And for good reason:
- assembly is not difficult (relatively);
- it is possible to adjust individual elements;
- it is possible to replace one element without disassembling the entire structure.
Wooden with metal railings in a stylish interior
Daredevils should put a wooden staircase with only horizontal bolts. It looks so that one careless movement and the steps will crumble.
Not everyone dares to rise and, moreover, to descend. Invite family and friends and find out which of them has strong nerves.
Looks no less harmonious on a metal base
In order to make a wooden staircase with horizontal bolts, then take into account the material of the walls – it directly depends on whether the structure will be safe. If they are brick, then additional fastening will be required..
Now you can buy a set of such stairs. But the work should still be entrusted to the work team, people who are familiar with all the nuances of their business..
And it doesn’t matter how good the instruction is – in order to spoil everything, there is enough inaccuracy of one centimeter. And it’s half the trouble if you mess up the set.
Emphasizes the individuality of the interior
Remember that such negligence can lead to injury – to you and your loved ones..
Using expensive wood species
TOP 4 most popular design styles
It involves the use of expensive wood species. Differs in restraint, including dim colors. The trim may be not too elaborate carvings, for example, on the railings. The classic one should have a “continuation” in the interior – a table similar in style, strict armchairs.
Dark classic with glass partition
The main principle is simplicity. Simplicity in shade, additional elements. It can be made from any material, both expensive and cheap. This type does not stand out at all, but dissolves in the interior, it is not accentuated..
Wood can be combined with other materials – above all, metal, plastic and glass. The steps are illuminated with neon LEDs. Also, as in the case of the classic, the modern staircase looks only if there are exactly the same interior details..
Wood complements textiles. For example, carpet, misdemeanor overlays. At first glance, it may seem that country – the style of high society. However, this is not at all the case. Rather, it is just a cozy style..
Complex design idea
There is no room for stone or solid wood like oak. To match the style, you can put a rug in a bright color near the hallway, hang curtains made of the same material as the carpet or overlays on misdemeanors, put fresh flowers on windowsills.
The most complicated type of screw
For such a staircase, it is best to choose natural, without any impurities, wood of natural shades. She may be a birch.
How to choose a tree
The choice of wood depends on how many years it will last, and how it will look at the same time..
Classic with wooden handrail
If you doubt your abilities, then seek help from a specialist – this way you will not make mistakes and will not lose a lot of money..
The first thing we pay attention to is hardness.
Modern design looks very stylish
Based on this indicator, wood is divided into four groups:
oneSoftwood – it includes all species of pine and spruce. 2Medium wood – it includes larch, walnut, such a fruit tree as a pear. 3Hardwood – it includes oak, ash, yew. 4Very hard wood – ash belongs to it.
Each species is different in structure and color
Without fencing makes it visually spacious
For steps, since most of the load is directed to them, softwood is not suitable.
They can be made of hard (oak, ash, yew) and, if financially possible, very hard (ash). Medium to soft wood can go to risers or railings.
White classic in the interior
Another criterion is humidity. It is best to give preference to dry (no more than 12% moisture) wood.
Otherwise, you may encounter problems such as cracking of the top layer and even distortion of the structure. This is especially true for rooms with high air humidity and sudden temperature changes..
Modern staircase in the attic area
Now you know what a wooden staircase can be, what materials it is made of, how to use it in the interior..
Dark colored treads in combination with wood
The main thing is to remember that the staircase must be not only beautiful, but also capable of withstanding the load..
Simple staircase drawing
Drawings of stairs to the second floor with turns
Stairs to the second and third floor
Spiral staircase drawing