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Staircase to the second floor in a private house. 290+ Photo Options (wood, metal, concrete)

Options for stairs to the 2nd floor

A staircase is a functional architectural element, beautiful design and a beautiful lifestyle. Aesthetics, quality, creativity, design and innovation are critical factors for the overall experience. Now you are probably wondering what is the ideal design to bring absolute harmony to your room? Or do you already have ideas for stairs or railings that you want to bring to your home? When you need extraordinary solutions for climbing to the second floor, get inspired by these amazing ideas. More details later in the article.

A way to move to the second floor as an object of art

Staircase in the interior of the living room

Staircase in the interior of the living room

A new look at vertical movement in the home embodies clear design, high artistic standards. Modern design, appropriate material, as well as flights of stairs, railings are created by designers, artists to provide a cozy, stylish atmosphere. Console designs that accurately reflect the spirit of the times are popular all over the world..

Cantilever staircase with wooden steps

Cantilever staircase with wooden steps

Glass lifts

Glass lifts are no less popular; they visually increase the space of rooms. Glass walls provide transparency, lightness.

Impressive cantilever glass construction

Impressive cantilever glass construction

Wooden steps

However, metal, wooden steps provide high stability. A balanced combination of different materials leads to complete harmony. Whether they are fixed, free-standing or suspended – angle, length, width are individually planned.

A ladder is a structure that must invariably combine high comfort and durability. Those models that do not have additional wall mounting and loading are characterized by one central mounting, fragile steps. Depending on the design, material, varieties of modern staircase designs are practically unlimited..

The original design of the sculptural staircase

The original design of the sculptural staircase

We coordinate with the general interior

When planning, you need to coordinate its elements with the overall interior design, if you like, take a look at some ready-made projects. For example, in a minimalist interior, a decorative staircase will look out of place..

On the other hand, if you want to turn it into a focal subject, you will choose a spectacular art design with an unusual shape, color or interesting railings..

Bright staircase to the second floor

Bright staircase to the second floor

Remember that safety is of utmost importance, your ladder design should be comfortable and safe for young children or elderly family members..

8 different types for every home

There are different installations, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. When building or renovating a home that requires vertical movement, it is important to consider which type of lift is best for the structure as well as the owner’s taste..

Modular staircase with glass steps

Modular staircase with glass steps

When it comes to choosing a structure for a house, you need to look at the shape of the space, where it will stand, how often it will be used, and its purpose (main or additional).

Some designers will tell you right away: the type of stairs is the first thing to think about. There are many different styles, decorations, materials that can be used to personalize an interior, but at first we will only look at the types of flights of stairs that are best suited for different spaces..

Read about eight popular stair types, from no-frills models to complex designs. Show selected favorites to your contractor to discuss which options matter the most to your home.

Straight

Example of a straight staircase

Example of a straight staircase

Direct installations are the most common, popular, because they are convenient, functional, and most cost-effective. In this classic design, the tread is arranged in a straight path with an even distribution. Straight shape has one linear span without changing direction.

When considering the most inexpensive and convenient construction, consider a straight ladder, which is not the wrong choice. It is especially suitable for minimalist homes and interiors due to its inherent simplicity..

However, this type takes up a lot of linear space without creating a barrier between floors, which does not create privacy..

L-shaped (angular)

Marching corner staircase made of wood

Marching corner staircase made of wood

A corner staircase is basically a straight staircase with a change in direction in the middle. The linear steps are complemented by a platform that turns the direction of travel by 90 degrees. Installation type has a second popular name L-shaped, can have more than one platform when more than one orientation change is required.

This type is very comfortable and safer than the straight one because of the landing that provides a place to rest when moving up or down. This ladder will fit ergonomically into a corner position as it easily matches the design space of the home.

This is a very logical use of space and can be much more visually interesting than the straight type. The downside is that it is more difficult to build and usually requires additional support support, making it less cost effective..

Hybrid

Hybrid staircase in the interior

Hybrid staircase in the interior

This is a less secure type, which excludes landing on 90 or 180 degree turns. The shape is compensated by wedge-shaped steps around the turns.

Visually interesting type, because it creates gentle, smooth lines, a smooth transition from one level to another. These characteristics make it popular in new homes and can be easily installed in the most inconvenient places..

The hybrid model requires less space, but it is complex in design, requires very accurate calculations and planning. The narrowing of the wedge-shaped steps also makes the turn more difficult to navigate, dangerous for a skipped step..

U-shaped (swivel)

U-shaped staircase in a country house

U-shaped staircase in a country house

The device allows you to change its direction by 180 degrees. This is also achieved with platforms that usually divide the steps into equal parts, forming a half-turn with parallel spans..

Such an installation is functional, much safer, since the wide possibilities of the flight of stairs limit the number of steps on which someone can fall. This type also has a lot of architectural interest in any design and can easily fit into the plan of most houses. However, it is best suited for homes with high ceilings or when planning where there are multiple levels of passageways in the house..

Spiral

Graceful spiral staircase

Graceful spiral staircase

The compact design is centered around one pole here, so if you looked at it from above, you would see a perfect circle. But there are some things to consider here: the narrow wedge-shaped steps of the spiral staircase are not the easiest to walk through..

However, this is by far the most interesting design. It has a spiral arc that resembles the shape of a spring. All steps are wedge-shaped, but unlike the hybrid, arched type, they have a consistent size. There is a central vertical support around which the steps are located.

Wrought iron spiral staircase

Wrought iron spiral staircase

Spirals are found mainly in urban apartments with attics, due to the economical use of space, ease of installation, and bandwidth limitations. The spiral is not suitable for frequent use, as it has a limited area that is difficult to move.

Only one person can move along it at a time, it is difficult to carry large objects up or down along it. This is why many building codes do not allow the spiral to be used as the main entrance to a full-size second floor..

Arched

The arched staircase is the pinnacle of elegance and the first image that comes to mind is the thought of a royal descending it. The steps are wedge-shaped, but due to the shape of the arc, the narrowing of the steps is not so noticeable.

Arched staircase between hotel floors

Arched staircase between hotel floors

Due to the graceful appearance of the arch, it is often located in the lobby of expensive hotels. This is the best way to decorate a room when looking for a centerpiece or first impression of a home. The disadvantage of this design will be that it is the most difficult to plan, build, since all its parts (including handrails) must be curved..

Forked

Marble T-shaped staircase in the hall

Marble T-shaped staircase in the hall

The most grandiose version of the bifurcated staircase is the style of the famous staircase on the Titanic. It includes one wide span, which then splits into two smaller spans going in opposite directions..

Alternative

Small home owners desperately need even the smallest additional square footage to be used efficiently. Therefore, compact models are being used more and more, along with the growth of smaller and more practical home projects. An alternative way is essentially a stepladder, which comes with a removable structure..

Folding staircase to the second floor or attic

Folding stairs to the second floor or attic

Despite the environmental friendliness and responsible design, the compact models have many disadvantages. This is extremely inconvenient and not ergonomic at all. Its compactness is ensured by safety and easy access. The compact ladder cannot be used in the main role, as it is not strong enough. It is used in rooms where there is not much movement..

At this point, you should have an idea of ​​what type is best for your home. Now you can start thinking about how to use the space that will be created within this function..

Which design to choose?

The move to the second floor should be designed in such a way that it matches the service life of the facility. It serves as a key element for comfort in your home, so it’s worth considering whether your home will perform better if you change the position of the stairs. Demolishing walls between rooms, expanding or changing the purpose of a room can mean changing the direction of movement. When planning, think about which room it will be most appropriate to put it in..

Minimalist staircase

Minimalist staircase

Design Tips:
  1. With an open floor plan, the flight of stairs can be seen throughout the space, so you can make it a feature.
  2. The cantilever flight of stairs has steps supported by a hidden stringer in the wall and looks like they are floating in mid-air to create a light, open look.
  3. A spiral or curved flight of stairs gives an instant wow factor, but works best in large spaces. The spirals wrap around the center pole and are good for small spaces, but can be awkward to use for children, the elderly, or infirm.
  4. Concrete flights of stairs can be cheaper during the design phase, but can end up costing more than wood and steel due to casting and precision issues.
  5. Spans made of wood and steel are a popular combination. They can be manufactured with millimeter precision, designed for open staircases. Concrete, steel spans can be clad with wood, stone or marble, and you will want to consider MDF stairs if you are going to do this..
  6. Wood has a natural warmth and beauty, and there are many grades and finishes to choose from for steps and handrails. Hardwood railings are more expensive than softwood, but they are more durable and tactile.
  7. Glass balustrades transmit light well, but dust and fingerprints are more visible on them. Check how the glass will be secured to the handrails – the custom design will not have visible fasteners. Two types of glass are commonly used – standard glass with a slightly green tint and the more expensive low-carbon glass with superior optical quality and reduced tint.
  8. In Georgian times, stairwells were slender and elegant, and a similar effect could be achieved using a steel frame..
  9. Stairways from the Art Nouveau era featured lively curves and balustrades inspired by nature, such as iron flowers, leaves and tendrils.
  10. The Art Deco style signaled a shift towards a more stable and massive construction with sharp, strong lines..

The original design of a massive staircase

The original design of the massive staircase

The staircase design and installation work has increased safety requirements, so comply with building codes and standards.

Creative projects of designers

In addition to reliable functionality and appropriate design, an architectural highlight is important in the staircase. This way of transforming your home never ceases to amaze.

Interesting patterns and textures, unusual colors, a tendency to use fabrics – the approach of designers to staircase design is often special, they love it so much. Check out their designs and ideas to make your own ladder more talented..

Colored tread and riser

Multi-colored steps - a bright accent in the interior

Multi-colored steps – a bright accent in the interior

One trend that has gained popularity in recent years is highlighting tread using color. Previously, people tried to combine their staircase with their surroundings, but now many homeowners, on the contrary, try to highlight the staircase and set it apart..

To achieve this effect, an ombre or gradient color scheme will suitably fit. Ombre means colors start darker and end lighter, or vice versa. The gradient has the same structure, but it can successfully combine different shades. Each riser pattern has a different hue for an interesting and personalized look. Choose a paint that you can add beige or white to. Some paint shops even offer to make different shades for you..

Attractive ornaments

Painting or applying mosaic patterns makes a very significant statement. These effects provide good examples for unique staircases. Maintain the same color palette throughout your design.

Staircase with gold smalt mosaic

Staircase with gold smalt mosaic

Take a look at the adjoining rooms for inspiration. Use stripes, chevrons, geometric shapes, polka dots, and any shape that feels fun and unique. If you are going to use paint, use masking tape to mask the area before starting to paint..

Use stencils or stickers with increased wear resistance actively. The great thing about stickers is that they can be removed, making them convenient for home rentals..

Decorating stairs with stickers

Decorating stairs with stickers

Be original and unique

You can find many interesting staircase design ideas in magazines, interior design websites. However, in addition to the inspiration they create for you, you should strive to ensure that your ideas reflect your unique personality and the existing design of your home. There are many tricks to customize the design for you..

Pure wood staircases have a nostalgic feel, especially when paired with vintage accessories. Using the technique of artificial aging of material and paints, a staircase can create a space as if you have moved in time..

Massive wooden staircase

Massive wooden staircase

Another option is tread upholstery, a sturdy fabric riser. It will add softness to a hard surface. Feel free to use bright, colorful fabrics, carpets.

Make sure that any fabric you put on the surface is properly fixed to avoid the risk of injury to the new decor. The unique flight of stairs is made by bright colors, subtle patterns.

Storage under stairs

Storage under a flight of stairs is another good way to make the most of the space and make it unique. You can usually get quite a lot of space underneath it. Creative designs with a non-standard outlook on storage look like a win-win and always have a huge practical edge. Once you create the stairs the way you want, immediately focus on the space below it. These ingenious storage ideas are creative, rewarding, helping you keep your home clutter-free and allowing you to access the things you need every day..

Shoe storage

This is a really great way to use your storage under a flight of stairs. It can improve the decor, space efficiency in the home. Use this idea to end your family’s endless arguments about putting away their shoes – just get them out of sight. You can think of a lot of different functions for this, from a rack to drawers..

The stairs to the second floor can be practically used

The stairs to the second floor can be practically used

Boxes under the steps

Place the drawers under the steps for storage and a nice look. These boxes will not only be useful, but will add an unusual touch of personality. This is a very organized form of storage with areas for different things..

Kitchen pantry under the flight of stairs

Kitchen belongings, products with a long shelf life often get in the way, do not fit in the kitchen. They can be placed under a flight of stairs – a room that can have one of the best uses for this. The unusual shape can make conventional storage quite difficult. Create convenient shelves for storing dry food. It will be easy to access them, besides, having a spacious storage room in the main part of the house is very convenient..

Library under the flight of stairs, reading area

Mini library under the stairs

Mini library under the stairs

The cozy and discreet nature of the space under your stairs can make it one of the best places to read in privacy. If your design is open-ended, the idea will work especially well as you will have light access to the reading area..

Install bookshelves and a comfy chair (or pouf) to make it a suitable reading spot.

Open

The open stairwells are very minimalistic and modern. Their sober, rather stern appearance helps to visually reveal the room. This option brings a very refreshing look to the space..

Open staircase with winder steps

Open staircase with winder steps

Wooden

Wooden staircases look classic even with an unusual design, they work in almost any room. However, a lot depends on what kind of wood you choose to cover. Make sure the tree is sealed and properly treated before installing it so that the finished structure will last a long time.

Tiles decoration

For a more exotic, personalized look, try hand-painted tiles. The variety of tiles available ensures that you can customize your staircase in almost any way: neutral or colorful, matte or glossy, or any combination of these. Try combining different patterns for a fun and eclectic look.

Tiling stairs

Tiling stairs

Glass

Install a glass staircase for a modern design. This style allows you to use the maximum amount of light in the room. Combine glass with finished wood or steel to give it a little texture.

Carpet covering

Warm, soft and light to touch, rug is a great choice for a home with kids. These stairs will never be slippery or warm, even during the cold season. It is a great choice for any style of home. The various types and colors of rugs available on the market will ensure you have many styling options..

Carpet for stairs

Carpet for stairs

6 structures for concrete

Concrete is widely used for buildings, houses and architecture, as well as stairs, due to its durability and affordability. Most people prefer to use concrete because it will last much longer than any other material used in construction. For stairs, concrete can be used in any shape or design the homeowner wants. Concrete is increasingly preferred by designers and homeowners for stairs or walkways because it creates both simple straight structures and spiral patterns..

Typically, the different types of concrete stairs include:

  • prefabricated staircase;
  • cast;
  • supported on the floor;
  • suspended.

Regardless of the type of concrete structure for the staircase, its shape and style always bring elegance and sophistication to the home..

Concrete staircase in the manufacturing process

Concrete staircase in the manufacturing process

Check out these 6 beautiful concrete staircase ideas that add sophistication and elegance to your home. Some of them are made with the addition of marble, while others are pure concrete. Just take a look and get inspired by these projects so you can choose the one that suits you best..

Interesting projects
  1. Floating concrete steps on an open staircase will create the contradictory feeling that cold raw concrete is floating in the air. The addition of metal railings sharpens the initial feeling and emphasizes the simplicity of the apparent design, without hiding, however, the engineering skill.
  2. A straight staircase of a closed type, “as in the entrance”, can also create an exquisite appearance for this room, if this project is combined with the Loft design, an interesting designed ceiling and the presence of multifaceted local lighting. A charming and simple idea that looks beautiful.
  3. The exposed concrete steps combined with the glass railings create a simple yet beautiful color combination and contrast with the design. Such structures must be supported by strong walls that contain the main fastening element, invisible to the eye and providing everyone’s favorite “floating in the air” effect..
  4. An alternative to raw concrete is marble: use it for streamlined semicircular structures with no corners. Glass balustrades and wooden handrails fit perfectly into this design..
  5. For lovers of minimalist design, a concrete staircase is suitable – it will be the embodiment of your outlook on life, because it is in minimalist design that there are a huge number of forms for raw concrete, which looks simply amazing. Combine your staircase with glass and wood railings. Neutral colors will add a simple yet eye-catching quality to your design..
  6. Marble with metal is another advanced combination that is primarily relevant for stairs. The marble should be streamlined and not contain sharp corners. Perhaps your staircase will have streamlined marble treads, spiral construction and cool stainless steel handrails in a minimalist way to contrast the structure and color of the stone..

Marble staircase with metal railings

Marble staircase with metal railings

As shown above, these stairs are truly beautiful to behold. There are simple, complex and elegant layouts here. This is a new look at concrete and undoubtedly the concept will spread.

Cantilever structures

The impact of a staircase on the interior design of a home is enormous. A flawed design can ruin the entire look and feel of the home. The correct design will become a “design anchor” around which all other elements of interior decoration will be built..

The cantilever staircase stands out from all other types of stairs, creating the illusion of floating, unsupported and weightless steps. She manages to be minimalist and at the same time creates a huge impact and offers a huge variety in terms of configurations and materials..

Cantilever staircase with luminous steps

Cantilever staircase with luminous steps

Concept

In recent years, the design of the staircase has emerged and has grown rapidly, which has an unusual architectural form, called “cantilever”. The cantilever is a beam secured at only one end, allowing the protruding structure to hang without any visible anchoring or support.

The simplified cantilever design previously used for buildings, bridges and aircraft has been relocated to staircases to create various “floating” steps.

Minimalistic staircase in the living room

Minimalistic staircase in the living room

The transition from a standard staircase to one that does not need visible support is beneficial in that it creates an open space that exhibits a unique “floating” look, extremely aesthetic.

Floating design

The floating structure is due to its structure. Due to its nature, it is imperative that the wall to which it is connected is strong and reliable enough to withstand the load. Console installations are available in the following forms:

  • straight;
  • L-shaped;
  • spiral;

Staircase to the second floor in a small house

Staircase to the second floor in a small house

  • curved.

Along with most architectural projects, the choice of materials for a cantilever staircase is close to infinity. One of the most common new styles includes wood, glass and stainless steel. The use of glass balustrades creates space inside the home, allowing more light to enter the room..

Illuminated cantilever glass staircase

Illuminated cantilever glass staircase

We obey safety standards

The choice of material must obey safety standards, but the ever-changing fashion trends in architecture allow completely different materials to be laid on top of the steel base – for example, you can choose LED steps that will glow from the inside.

Recently, there has been a sharp increase in interest in raw materials such as steel and concrete. In addition to these materials, people combine them with colored leather or eco leather handrails to create a bold statement..

The combination of different materials and lighting in the design of the stairs

The combination of different materials and lighting in the design of the stairs

Achieving the right performance for this particular staircase design is about more than just aesthetics. Considering the various technical components and design elements, it is essential that proven designs are selected and the work is entrusted to an installer with the necessary experience and knowledge..

How is this possible?

While they don’t seem to lend themselves to gravity, the cantilever ladders are certainly supported – albeit in a way that hides all the mounts..

Installation of a cantilever staircase made of concrete

Installation of a cantilever staircase made of concrete

The prostheses that make up the ladder are attached either to a rope attached to or inside the wall, or to a metal frame or pockets in the wall. There are several ways in which this is done, depending on the project and the vendor approved method..

One of the most working methods is based on the fact that the step is installed or fixed in a solid wall. Sometimes a reinforcing metal sheet is also required. In the case of a steel reinforced concrete wall, prefabricated “anchor pockets” are usually installed in the wall before the concrete is poured..

However, modern assemblies often use studs with steel strings, base plates and “anchor pockets” installed before plastering the wall within the floor and the wall to support the steps. Finally, it is often necessary to distribute the weight of the steps, supporting them on one side with a frame inside the wall, and on the other side with a handrail or glass balustrade..

What are they made of??

Combination of glass and wood in a cantilever staircase design

Combination of glass and wood in a cantilever staircase design

Cantilever ladders offer tremendous design possibilities. Popular material choices include:

  • stone (natural or cast);
  • glass;
  • timber;
  • metal;
  • composite materials such as concrete or steel.

Obviously the material you choose will affect the way you support, and some materials, such as hardwood and stone, are heavier than others. Your choice of material will also affect the cost of the stairs – wood tends to be cheaper than glass, although wood varies..

Flaws

The disadvantage of a cantilever ladder is the lack of a fence

The disadvantage of a cantilever ladder is the lack of a fence

The cantilever ladder has a significant drawback – it can only be installed during major repairs. It is easiest to install it early in the home design phase. Moreover, installation in an existing building can be disruptive given the required structural support..

Structural calculations are important for all stairs, but in the case of a cantilever staircase, they are of paramount importance as the retaining wall becomes an integral part of the staircase.

Fastening cantilever ladders to the wall

Fastening cantilever ladders to the wall

Cantilever ladder – safety?

While cantilever ladders are often admired for their ability to float in the air, many people express concerns about their safety and how they will comply with building codes..

Regarding the stability of the steps – they meet the minimum requirements in terms of containing a sufficient number of fasteners for internal fastening of the stairs, but most people are worried about the lack of handrails.

Glass staircase with cantilever fixing into the wall

Glass staircase with cantilever fixing into the wall

For safety reasons, spans must have handrails on at least one side if they are less than one meter wide, and on both sides if they are more than one meter wide. The handrails next to the bottom two steps of the staircase are not required. The minimum height of the handrails should be 900 mm. Also, according to building codes, there should be no holes in the balustrade with a diameter greater than 100 mm..

Therefore, for cantilever structures, perhaps installing a solid glass screen as a balustrade may be suitable, which will meet the requirements and minimalist design..

Cantilever ladder with glass screen

Cantilever ladder with glass screen

Remember to check how your ladder complies with building registers and consider a safety hazard if you have small children..

Advantages

The cost of a cantilever ladder will greatly depend on individual requirements, materials and dimensions. According to experts, they tend to be more expensive than a standard straight span, but less expensive than a spiral design..

The combination of forging, wood and carpet in the design of the stairs

The combination of forging, wood and carpet in the design of the stairs

conclusions

Designing a new staircase usually means limited access between floors during construction. However, in the case of a cantilever ladder, temporary steps can be fitted in place to facilitate access..

VIDEO: Bright ideas for stairs for your interior

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