How to make a brazier out of bricks with your own hands (150+ Photos) – Step-by-step instructions (diagrams, drawings)
For many, a country house is associated with cooking kebabs or barbecues. And a brazier is considered a necessary element of this process. And cooking meat dishes will be doubly pleasant if the brazier for them is made by hand..
A brazier at a summer cottage is a guarantee of a successful holiday with a barbecue. For this reason, most summer residents want such a device for cooking on their territory. Some people prefer the option from the store, but made on their own always arouses pride in the owner of a country estate.
Multifunctional barbecue building
The shashlik smokehouse performs several functions at the same time:
- used to decorate the landscape;
- considered an important helper when you need to feed many people at the same time, since a homemade invention has a larger surface than a purchased version.
In addition to the fact that a handmade brazier performs important functions, it is characterized by: durability, less whimsical weather conditions and an individual appearance.
In order to build such a device, a couple of skillful hands and materials are enough. Even someone who has no experience in this matter can cope with this task. On the Internet, you can find many training videos that describe in detail each stage of production. In addition, there are many ready-made drawings, according to which you can build a high-quality brazier yourself..
Has high strength
If you do not study the drawings for building a barbecue from bricks, then the process of building it will be more problematic and complex.. All the parameters of the future product are described in detail on the finished diagrams:
- the total area that it will occupy.
For beginners, building a brazier according to drawings is much easier, since they show all the elements it contains..
There are cases when people want to build a summer complex, which will include a barbecue. They consist of countertops, places for storing firewood, firebox and other elements that can be useful when preparing food.
Draw up a step by step drawing
If the master already has experience in this matter, then he can independently develop a drawing based on existing ones. In this case, the scheme will be unique. It will become the decoration of a summer cottage or a suburban complex.
Think carefully about your plan
But there are general instructions that must be followed in order to get a quality product as a result. The step-by-step instructions are useful because they help you build the workflow correctly. In this matter, it is very important to do everything one by one and on time..
At the first preparatory stage, the most important point is the choice of a place where the brazier will stand for cooking kebabs. It is necessary that the place is chosen correctly and does not interfere with others. To do this, it is recommended to heed the following tips:
- It is worth remembering that the structure is an object with an increased fire hazard. For this reason, it is better to place the grill away from home, outbuildings and other objects that can easily catch fire..
- The brazier should not be located far from the resting place, as this can cause some inconvenience. Ideally, it would be to put the barbecue near the gazebo where the holidays are held, or near the summer kitchen. To create more comfortable conditions, you can build a wide canopy that will simultaneously cover brick from the rain, and at the same time the benches and table will also be protected.
Cozy corner for relaxation
- It is recommended to equip the site, which was intended exclusively for the barbecue and all auxiliary equipment. It is not recommended that there are flower beds or beds near this zone. High temperatures can cause all plants to disappear. You should think about how it is convenient to approach this area, namely, make paths to it.
- Trash cans and toilet area should not be placed next to the brazier, as this will not look aesthetically pleasing..
The next step is to select the material from which the barbecue brazier will actually be built. In our case, this is a brick. It is best that it is heat-resistant and does not collapse. This material is fireclay brick. It is also known as “stove”.
In order for the structure to be strong, the masonry mortar must be made of clay and sand.
Choose quality materials
AdviceIn order for the structure to be used for several decades, it is worth choosing a high-quality brick. It is this material that constitutes its basis. In the case of high-quality material, it will be possible to cook barbecue on the brazier for many years..
In order for the outdoor grill to be strong, you should pay attention to its foundation. That is, you need to prepare building materials for its construction..
The following materials will be required for the foundation:
- Crushed stone.
- Plywood or boards (for formwork).
For the foundation you will need to use metal
Also, you need to purchase tools that will be needed during the construction period..
These include the following instances:
- Trough for mixing cement (you can use a concrete mixer).
- Master OK.
- Circular saw.
It is recommended to develop a project for the construction of a barbecue. You can take a project that has already been developed by someone. In this case, the work will be easier. And also, it will help to calculate the required amount of materials. A small stock is acceptable, but a large surplus is not profitable and unnecessary.
You can build such a brazier with your own hands.
At the next stage, the foundation is poured.. This stage is considered basic, since the further construction depends on the foundation. The foundation is required only for a stationary type of barbecue. This process is not necessary for a portable product. After the foundation has frozen and is ready for further work, the brick is laid.
AdviceBefore you start laying bricks, it is recommended to water it with water. After 24 hours have passed, you can start the process. You can also dip it in water for a few seconds just before laying. This is done in order to better adhere to clay..
The order of laying bricks should be carried out according to a ready-made scheme. When there is a desire to independently develop a scheme, it is better to do it on a piece of paper in a box.
It is better to start laying bricks from the corner and head towards the central part. It is important to periodically check the grill with a level and a plumb line. This will allow you to detect inaccuracies and correct them in the future..
Small room for preparing delicious food
After that, you need to start laying the central part of the product, namely the firebox.
It can be already pre-cast from concrete, or you can make it from brick.
If the grill will play the role of a barbecue, then at this stage you need to decide where the grill will be installed. It is installed on the reinforcement bars that are in the walls of the product. In order to be able to change the levels of the grill, you can make several protrusions.
After that, wind walls and a smoke collector are built, which is attached to the columns and gradually decreases in diameter. Some schemes do not provide for the construction of a pipe to isolate smoke.
As a result of this sequence of stages, you get the simplest grill. To protect it from precipitation, you can install a metal visor above it.
The final stage of the construction of the barbecue is finishing and a canopy.
Cocking the canopy over the product in order to extend its operation. It can be done in two ways:
- A canopy that covers exclusively the brazier itself.
- A canopy that covers the entire area that is intended for recreation.
In any case, precipitation will not fall on the brazier. From a design point of view, a canopy over the barbecue is a good option..
In order to build a canopy over the entire building, you need to install special concrete foundations around the perimeter. They can be made not only from concrete, but from metal or wood..
AdviceIn the case of choosing wooden supports, they must be coated with a special agent that will make them heat-resistant. Or install them at a distance of 16 cm from the product.
As for the roof, then it can be built from any material. A covering made of the same material as the roof of the house will fit into the overall composition.
The brazier can be left as it is. It is enough to process the brick a little with a grinding machine. An option is also acceptable when the bricks are covered with special paints. The design of the building is decorated with decorative stone finishing. In addition to these options, you can use a plaster finish.. In this case, the product will be more refined..
Today it is difficult to surprise someone with a fireplace on the territory of a summer cottage. Now they are increasingly giving preference to other buildings that will be appropriate and useful for the suburban area.
- outdoor oven;
- special smokehouses;
- braziers in the form of a cauldron.
Next, we will consider the features of the construction and use of these structures..
Brick can be decorated with any other material
An outdoor oven complements well any summer cottage or country house. It can perform the following functions:
- Drying mushrooms or fruits.
- Can be used for outdoor canning.
The design of the structure for this structure can be made to fit the interior of a country house. It can be done with one or more lesions. Can be done with or without doors. This is affected only by the project that was chosen for the construction of this device..
Complete street food
When building an outdoor stove, you need to be guided by the fact that it must meet the following requirements:
- Low cost of construction (if your own work is expensive, it will be more profitable to buy a ready-made version).
There is a large amount of materials for the construction of a street stove in the markets, but you need to be guided by the fact that it must be of high quality.
For this, you can use the following raw materials:
- Fire-resistant bricks and aerated concrete. These materials can withstand high temperatures.
- Metal or cast iron. Most often, finished structures are produced from this raw material. Its price will not be small.
Brick and aerated concrete – fire resistant materials
The choice of material must be approached thoughtfully. Aerated concrete is cheaper, but a brick oven looks much aesthetically pleasing..
An important question is the choice of the main location for the street oven. It is good when the construction of a street product was foreseen at the beginning of construction work on the house. If, however, the decision to build this structure was made later, then you need to be guided by the same rules as the construction of the barbecue.
Such an attribute of rest is done in the following sequence:
- Foundation masonry.
- Furnace base masonry.
- Chimney installation.
- Installation of the walls of the gazebo in which the oven will stand, as well as the equipment of the surrounding area.
The choice of material must be approached deliberately
Outdoor oven cladding
As for the decor of an outdoor stove, there are a large number of options. You can decorate the product with a special decorative plaster. It can also be veneered. As a decor, you can use tiles of various designs and designs..
There are these types of simple stove finishes:
- Whitewashing and coloring.
- To reduce the roughness of the surface, you need to wipe it with a brick, and then treat it with water.
- We treat the surface with a primer.
- We paint the structure with paint. It is better to choose it on an adhesive basis..
- In the case of whitewashing, we skip the previous stage, and instead of paint we take lime. You can add salt to it. This will help you achieve the best result. To add a blue tint, a small amount of blue is added to the lime..
- In order for the whitewash to be of high quality and last a long time, ultramarine or ocher can be added to the lime on the surface.
If the structure contains metal elements, for example, doors, then they can be painted with black paint. So that it does not peel off and be heat-resistant, it is better to choose silicon, organic paint.
If plastering was chosen as a decor, the oven is manually coated and then whitened. This decor option needs to be updated every year, but this is easy to do without the help of specialized services.. It is enough to cover newly formed cracks with a mixture of water, sand, clay and cement.
Tiles as facing material
In addition, tiles can be used as a facing material for the oven.. They are handcrafted tiles. This finish is considered old and has a fairly solid appearance..
Use tiles to decorate
The advantages of such a cladding:
- Tiled surface can be easily washed and wiped.
- The tile covering has a high heat transfer.
Since real and correct tiles are made by hand, they may differ from each other, for example, in shape or size.. Therefore, before the process of lining the furnace, you need to sort the material by shape and color..
Tiles are laid using a thick solution. They are attached to wire pins. The seams between the facing material must be made no more than 2 mm. They are rubbed with a special agent, for example, an albatross..
Tiles are laid using a thick solution
Decorating an outdoor stove with tiles
Tile – one of the options for facing an outdoor stove, which is common among users. For cladding, the following types of such material are used:
- Majolica. It is a ceramic tile, the outer side of which is glazed.
- Terracotta. This is an analogue of the previous version. It differs only in that there is no glazed surface in it. This tile is made from special clay..
- Clinker tiles. The production of this type is made from several types of clay, which is selected as a highly plastic type. Such tiles are pressed and fired at high temperatures..
Due to the fact that the ovens have uneven heating throughout its entire area, there is a high probability that the tiles may crack in certain places..
Tile – one of the options for facing an outdoor stove
It is better not to choose large tiles for cladding. Such material has a high risk of cracking. It is better to choose small tiles.
Facing outdoor tiles with natural stone
The process of decorating a street structure with a stone does not have noticeable differences in comparison with tiling. The advantage is that the stones look more sophisticated.
The peculiarity of such a cladding is that the stones must be placed on the floor and laid out in size, shape and color..
AdviceIn order not to confuse the sequence of stones, you can number them from the reverse side. This action contributes to the fact that the stones do not get mixed up with each other and the process itself takes much less time..
Also, you can not overlay the entire surface of the product with a stone, but only a separate part, for example, corners or a firebox..
For many, the design of a cauldron-brazier is an incomprehensible and useless thing, since you can use a portable brazier and a purchased cauldron. But still, experienced gourmet summer residents insist that this is a necessary thing in a suburban area. The barbecue and cooking complex is a godsend for large companies who like to have picnics in the fresh air..
Such a structure will make it possible to simultaneously cook meat dishes, fish or vegetables on the grill, and pilaf, potatoes and other side dishes are suitable for a cauldron.
Most often, cauldrons are made of metal, the difference is the manufacturing technology.
Next, we will consider what such devices can be and how to build such a structure in your country house.
Make a place for a cauldron
Many people have no idea how to combine seemingly incompatible things. After all, the brazier and the cauldron are seemingly two different devices..
You can equip such a structure as follows. If the brazier has already been built, then an additional brick section must be completed for the cauldron. The same actions can be performed if the structure is made of metal..
If, however, the cauldron and the brazier will be built at the same time, then initially you need to choose a project that implied the construction of two sections.
In order for the cauldron to evenly warm up from all sides, it is necessary that the design includes a firebox. A cauldron is placed in it and thus food is prepared..
It is important to think over that the product is convenient and practical. The height of the structure must be matched to the height of the home owners. If it is too high, then there is a high probability of getting a burn, and if, on the contrary, it is too low, then you will have to constantly bend over.
You can complete this part at any time.
A variant of building the product is possible when the cauldron is hung from above. This option is considered easier to manufacture, since it is not difficult to build. Also, such a structure can be made with a ready-made structure.. It is enough to add some details on which the cauldron will be hung.
The design of the grill-smokehouse itself is a very convenient and practical product, since in one step you can cook a barbecue and smoke meat products. To start doing it yourself, you need to pay attention to important nuances:
- The dimensions of the structure should be selected taking into account the number of people who will need to be fed. Too small products will not be convenient, since you will have to divide the cooking process into several approaches. Too large structures are not profitable due to the fact that not the entire surface will be used.
- How the product will be built: stationary or collapsible.
- The main material for the manufacture: metal or brick.
Features of building a smokehouse
In the construction of a smokehouse, it is recommended that the structure include a cover that will trap smoke for smoking products.. There are several ways to make it:
- Build it sliding from two halves.
- Make from one half. In this case, it will be folding.
The base of the smokehouse can be placed on metal legs, or made of brick supports. The length of the legs can be selected individually. An additional little table. With this option, it will be comfortable to cook food on the device..
When building this device, you need to be prepared for the fact that it will take a lot of time and effort. But the result will be useful for many years. A well-made construction is a guarantee that the cooked dishes will always be delicious.
Very compact smokehouse
The whole process consists of the same steps as previous products. The difference is that the laying of bricks is done according to other drawings..
As for the facing work, it is also required to pay a lot of attention to this. You can use decorative bricks. Now there are a large number of its types, so outwardly the device can be made as the situation requires. Also, so that the entire location of the product looks aesthetically pleasing, you can overlay it with paving slabs..
In this case, it will act as an element of landscape design and will be useful for fire safety..
To prevent the entire structure from getting wet in the rain or snow, you can build a special canopy. This will make it possible to cook meals in all weather conditions. Also, in order to create a more practical and comfortable cooking zone, you can provide for the presence of different shelves, countertops and sinks.. These elements can be built separately from the general construction of the grill-smokehouse.
Many functions in one building
With this decoration and arrangement, you can make a comfortable and cozy place for cooking food for family and guests..
The design is built in the same sequence as the previous attributes for frying meat. Its peculiarity is that it uses a special grid on which dishes are prepared..
The difference between such a structure is that it combines two objects for cooking: a grill and a barbecue. The brazier is a rectangular bowl with holes in the bottom. Barbecue is considered one of the most convenient and functional devices for cooking meat products and vegetables..
Such devices for cooking can be built as mobile, that is, portable, as well as stationary. Each of them has its own advantages.. Portable barbecue grills are convenient because they can be placed in any convenient place. The positive quality of stationary brick structures is that they are more durable and can be used for many years.. Most often, they provide for the presence of dampers with which you can regulate the flow of air. The type of product must be selected at the beginning, when preparing a general project and drawings.
Such a structure can be used in all weather conditions, since the structure provides for protection from the wind.
A properly equipped area where a barbecue is located can become a decoration of the entire interior of a country house.
Most often, the barbecue area includes not only the oven, but also other attributes. For this zone, it is recommended to equip a special area with a canopy or a gazebo. Install furniture here for a comfortable stay in the air.
Such a structure can be used in all weather conditions.
Thus, the independent construction of structures for a country house will make it possible to spend time with family and friends in a cozy atmosphere. At the same time, a special sense of pride will be caused by structures that are made by the hands of the owners of the house. Also, as an option, products can be built not only for your site, but also as a gift to your loved ones..