Choosing varieties of kumquat for gardens in Russia
The kumquat tree is known all over the world and is in great demand. It is an exotic plant with unusual and aromatic fruits. Numerous varieties of kumquat can decorate any room and become a real highlight of the winter garden. What a kumquat looks like and its photo can be seen below in the article.
Description of the plant
This tree has many advantages. Kumquat or kinkan, as it is also called, is distinguished by its small stature and beautiful appearance. The leaves of the plant are small. With proper care, they cover the shoots abundantly, thus giving the tree a special chic..
There are many types of this plant, but only a few of them are suitable for growing at home. Kumquat blooms from April to May. You can observe this process for 50 days..
In Japan, this plant is called the “golden orange”.
Unlike ordinary citrus fruits, this species can form buds twice a year. Decorative kumquat can grow up to 60 cm tall.
Useful properties of the plant:
- The systematic consumption of fruits can save the body from colds. Also, berries have a beneficial effect on the immune system. Trace elements that make up the peel are capable of killing bacteria and dangerous microorganisms.
- The leaves and fruits of the plant are used to restore the work of the gastrointestinal tract. Infusions and decoctions are able to heal ulcers, relieve inflammation of the duodenum, and also help with constipation.
- Kumquat is a low-calorie food. It is often used to prepare dietary meals. It is a vitamin plant that speeds up the metabolism.
It helps with arthritis, arthrosis. Kinkan is also recommended to be used for neoplasms. The berries of the tree are able to dissolve tumors and help restore all processes in the body..
In addition to its positive qualities, the kumquat citrus has disadvantages. Since the plant belongs to the citrus family, it can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, the fruits are not recommended for pregnant women and young mothers who are breastfeeding..
Feature of the kumquat variety Marumi and Meiva
Kumquat Marumi is a small tree often called Japanese fortunella. The plant differs in the presence of thorns. It has oval-shaped deciduous plates. This variety belongs to the group of cold-resistant trees.
The fruits are round, slightly flattened. With proper care, they can grow up to 2.3 cm in length. They have a rich orange peel. The skin is quite thin and fragrant, which cannot be said about the inside. The pulp is sour. The berry consists of 4-7 slices. Each fruit can have up to three seeds, which are used for reproduction.
The rind of the kumquat fruit is rich in essential oils.
Kumquat Meiwa is distinguished by its sweet fruits, which are also orange in color. Berries are very rich in vitamin C and other trace elements that are necessary for the human body. The plant develops well at home. If you plant it and follow all the rules of care, then the tree will bloom profusely and bear fruit for a long time.
Description of Kumkat Fukushi
Kumquat Fukushi or Obovata, as it is also called, has a lush symmetrical shape. The tree does not have thorns, which makes it possible to grow it in rooms where small children live.
Kumquat Fukushi is the best option for growing at home.
The Fukushi variety differs in the shape of the fruit. In this plant, they look like a bell. Berries grow up to 5 centimeters in diameter. The peel is orange and sweet, the pulp is sour and spicy. The plant is unpretentious. It tolerates low temperatures very well. With proper care, the plant blooms profusely. The buds are colorful and have a pleasant aroma.
Feature of the Nagami variety
This is one of the most popular types. Citrus kumquat Nagami is the youngest variety that has been bred from the classic species. This tree is also hardy, but has a different fruit shape. The berries are elongated, without seeds. They can reach 5 cm in length and 3 cm in diameter. The skin is sweetish and the flesh is sour. Citrus fruits are eaten whole, without peeling. You can also make marmalade from them or use them to make jam. The flowering period falls in the summer, and begins to bear fruit in the winter..
The Nagami variety is also called Margarita. The fruits of this tree are often used in folk medicine. From such berries, means are made that are used to accelerate the healing of wounds and for fungal infections. Kumkat Margarita also helps to get rid of respiratory diseases.
Kumquat Malay: a feature of the variety
This plant is very popular in its homeland. Due to its large size, it is not grown at home. Often the Malay kumquat is used as a hedge. The plant bears fruit abundantly. The berries, like other varieties, are orange in color. They are quite large and contain about 8 seeds..
Malay kumquat is able to positively influence the central nervous system and improve mood.
Such a tree grows up to five meters high. Deciduous plates are elongated, slightly pointed at the ends. Compared to other species, this variety is afraid of cold weather. In the open field, it is grown only at home, and in the northern hemisphere only in greenhouses or winter gardens. What the kumquat plant looks like can be seen in the photo.
Plant care at home
With proper care, the tree can grow 10 centimeters every year. In order for the plant to develop well, certain rules must be followed..
Location. The tree loves a lot of light. During the summer season, the kumquat can be taken out into the fresh air. A balcony or terrace would be a good option. In winter, the flowerpot should be placed on windows with a maximum amount of light. Additional lighting is recommended for the plant to thrive..
The soil. The kumquat tree, which is indicated in the photo, should be planted in a special substrate. The best option are mixtures consisting of sand, humus, garden and turf soil..
Irrigation. The plant is very fond of abundant watering. In summer, when the air temperature is high outside, the leaves should be sprayed. You can also occasionally put the plant under a warm shower, but before carrying out the procedure, cover the top layer of soil with polyethylene..
Fertilizer. This is an important point in plant care. If you do not periodically feed the tree, then it will not bear fruit normally. The period for applying the mixtures depends on the size of the flowerpot and the size of the tree. If the kumquat grows in a small pot, then you need to fertilize it more often, with something that is in bulk. Use for this should be universal preparations that are sold in any flower shop..
Pruning. In order for the tree to have a beautiful appearance, it is necessary to carry out the formation of the crown. This should be done in the spring. It will be correct if there are two or three shoots left on each branch. The rest should be removed with garden shears. Correct pruning stimulates young growth.
Knowing what a kumquat is and what a photo looks like, you can purchase a beautiful and incredibly useful plant. This is a tree that can decorate any room, as well as become a real treat for children. The correct choice of plant variety and appropriate care, capable of producing a bountiful harvest.