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The benefits and harms of garden radishes

Healthy radish in the garden Among the early vegetables, radish is one of the first in popularity. And this is not surprising, because only green onions and some other green crops can boast of such early maturity and a friendly harvest from neighbors in the garden, but far from root crops.

Round and elongated radishes are used in all kinds of snacks, salads, cold soups and other dishes. At the disposal of gardeners are radish varieties with white, pink, red and even deep purple and yellow roots. But not only the variety of species and short ripening times attract attention to this culture, but the properties of radish useful for the body.

The juicy pulp of root vegetables, which has a refreshing sweetish taste with a pleasant pungency, is saturated with active nutrients, the deficiency of which is experienced by the human body after winter.

What vitamins are in radishes? Is this vegetable useful for everyone, and how best to choose a radish and eat it?

Read also the article on the topic: how are radishes useful??

Vitamin composition of radish and its calorie content

Vitamin radish salad Radish also contains vitamins B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, PP, E, up to 25 mg of vitamin C, mineral salts and antimicrobial phytoncides.

The calorie content of radish is very low, 100 grams of root crops contain from 15 to 20 kcal. In this case, the nutritional value is included in 100 grams of the product:

  • 1, 2 grams of protein;
  • 0.1 grams of fat;
  • 3.4 grams of carbohydrates;
  • 3.1 grams of sugars;
  • 1.6 grams of dietary fiber;
  • 93 grams of water;

Also in the composition of the pulp and greens of radish there are minor amounts of organic acids, starchy substances and ash.

Low-calorie source of vitaminsThe macronutrient composition of radish roots is determined by the high content of potassium, calcium and magnesium, phosphorus and sodium. Trace elements are represented by iron, zinc, copper and iodine, boron and manganese. And mustard oil, which has antiseptic properties, gives the radish a recognizable taste..

How to choose the most beneficial radish for the body?

Use only healthy root vegetablesTo maximize the health benefits of radishes in a salad or okroshka, it is important to choose firm, healthy, smooth-skinned roots. Radish quickly loses its juiciness, the root crop becomes lethargic, soft, and the amount of nutrients in it decreases. If black spots are visible on the skin of even a hard root vegetable, this is the first sign of the development of mold fungi. You should not wait for pleasure or benefits when eating a dish made from such radishes, but harm is quite possible. Therefore, the freshness of the radish is a decisive factor in its usefulness..

Do not forget that the tops of this culture are no less saturated with substances valuable for the body than root crops. It is better to use it for food immediately after collection, since the foliage will wither in a matter of hours..

Useful properties of radish

Both healthy and tastyRadish root crops and its tops contain extremely few calories, but are rich in active substances and dietary fiber, which gives reason to talk about the usefulness of this vegetable in many problems associated with digestion and assimilation of food. Root vegetables included in the composition of the dishes activate intestinal motility, contributing to the timely release of the digestive system and producing a mild laxative effect. No less useful for constipation and radish greens, from which the infusion is made.

Radish, whose calorie content is very low, has long been respected by people who want to get rid of extra pounds with health benefits. Dietary fiber can help with this. Passing through the intestines, fiber cleans it out, removing accumulated toxins. The glycosides contained in radishes have an irritating effect, promote the production of gastric juice and the speedy digestion of food..

Radish is useful for patients suffering from heart and vascular diseases. Cholesterol accumulating on the walls of blood vessels impairs their permeability and elasticity, which negatively affects the supply of blood to tissues and organs and leads to serious health problems. Radish with a caloric content lower than that of many other vegetable crops, like its closest relatives: radish, horseradish, mustard and turnip, prevents not only obesity, but also the accumulation of cholesterol, and the development of atherosclerosis.

There are substances in radishes that have a positive effect on blood sugar levels. Therefore, this vegetable can and even should be included in the menu of people with a tendency to diabetes or already suffering from this serious illness..

Healthy natural foodThe skin of brightly colored radish roots contains natural anthocyanins, which, according to recent studies, actively oppose the development of cancer cells. With the advent of varieties of dark purple colors, the beneficial properties of radishes in terms of fighting cancer only increase..

Thanks to phytoncides, radish can be used as a natural and very tasty remedy to fight infections, including seasonal colds and the accompanying bronchitis, rhinitis and laryngitis. Radish juice, like radish juice, will help with coughs, nasal congestion, and other unpleasant symptoms. Vitamin C will energize and give strength to fight ailments.

Interestingly, you can take advantage of the beneficial properties of radish for cosmetic purposes. Root gruel will nourish the skin with moisture, have a tonic and whitening effect, and will also help to cope with inflammatory processes. And the vitamin E present in the radish activates the regeneration and rejuvenation of the skin.

Pickled radishIt is common knowledge that radish root vegetables are indispensable in cold summer soups and snacks. It is an excellent ingredient for salads, a vitamin supplement and part of a garnish for meat dishes and potatoes. Mostly radishes are eaten raw, since during heat treatment, root crops lose most of the beneficial properties of radishes, and their appearance and juicy consistency..

Radish topper sauceFew people know that radishes can be pickled and such snacks will become a real decoration of the table in winter. Even less often they pay attention to greens, and in fact the useful properties of radish tops are no less than those of root crops. This part of the plant in a young fresh form is used for okroshka and salads. You can save the tops for the winter in the form of a sauce, where olive oil, salt, spices and crushed walnuts or pine nuts are added along with chopped herbs..

Is radish good for everyone??

Vitamin root vegetable can not be consumed by everyoneWith all the uniqueness of the composition and set of useful properties, radishes cannot be considered a crop for general use. In some cases, instead of the expected health benefits, radishes can cause a deterioration in well-being..

This is due to the presence of vegetable glycosides in root crops and, in part, in foliage, which irritate the gastric mucosa and cause an active production of acid. With increased acidity, pancreatitis and cholecystitis, as well as with gastritis and gastric ulcer, fresh radish dishes can provoke an unwanted exacerbation.

Everyone can assess the benefits or harms of radishes for their own health, but if there are contraindications, you should not think that you should unconditionally abandon the early vegetable. Light-colored and white varieties of radish have a softer taste and effect, and, for example, there are practically no glycosides in daikon.

Video about the benefits of radish

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