Facade panels for a country house – How to choose? 230+ (Photo) Finishes outside (stone, brick, wood)
Facade panels, photos of houses with which can be found in abundance on the Internet, have proven themselves well in recent years. Their variety is very large. We will get acquainted with them in this article in more detail..
Facade panels made of polyvinyl chloride
This is a beautiful, convenient solution – they are attached easily, like a constructor, protect House from moisture and the effects of precipitation, save heat, create a unique design. There are many of them – made of metal, stone, vinyl, glass. Of cement and wood, finished under brick, under the same tree, suitable for plastering.
Original color for finishing
But in order for all the advantages to manifest themselves, you do not need to cover the house with any panels, and those that suit him best. They must be made of suitable material first of all.
Polyvinyl chloride (aka PVC) is the most common material for panels. Its main characteristic is a low price – it may be small for the facing of the house..
A beautiful, convenient solution
PVC has advantages:
- Diversity. As with any plastic, PVC can be given any color, any texture. Patterned panels, panels made under natural wood or stone, under brick or glass, multi-colored and with patterns – among PVC there are panels for every taste. With their help, you can make any design without thinking about the fact that the wood is rotting, the stone is too heavy – just pick a good imitation.
- Ease. PVC is the lightest material available. This is a big plus, since even the thinnest walls can withstand its weight and no calculations are required. In addition, you can deliver the purchased PVC panels home by your own car, on your own..
- Sustainability. They are not afraid of water, biological irritants, mechanical influences, they retain their original shape well. They cannot be spoiled by rodents and parasites, they do not melt in the heat (if you do not buy a low-quality segment), do not need care.
- Simple assembly. Due to the weight and ease of fastening, even a person who has never tried to do repairs will cope with PVC. And if something does not work out – or if the panel is damaged later – it can always be replaced with another, the same one. It will not do much damage to the budget..
Polyvinyl chloride (aka PVC) is the most common material for panels
PVC is also characterized by durability – some manufacturers promise that their panels will last half a century, or even longer. This, however, is only possible with good weather conditions and the absence of mechanical influences..
The benefits are counterbalanced by the cons:
- Thermal expansion. Installed panels over time, under the influence of heat, can expand and go in waves, completely destroying the entire design. But this behavior is typical for low quality PVC..
- Lack of frost resistance. In the cold, PVC becomes brittle, a light blow can break or bend it, therefore it is not recommended to carry out installation in the cold, and in winter it is better to be careful.
- Lack of fire resistance. In the event of a fire, the panels will not ignite, but will start to melt and smoke.
PVC is characterized by durability
Insulating material must be attached under the PVC, otherwise the thermal insulation indicators will be low.
There are two types of PVC facade panels:
- Classical. Width thirty to forty centimeters, length from three to four meters. It is laid most often horizontally, since when it is installed vertically, it has to be cut, imitates wood in most cases, although metal is also found.
- Basement. With the same width, its length is up to a meter, which allows it to be laid both vertically and horizontally. It is believed to be more reliable, but in fact, a short bar is easier to replace than a long one if something happens to it. Most often imitates natural stone or brick.
Install PVC from the bottom up, from the foundation to the roof.
In the cold, PVC becomes brittle, a slight blow can break or bend it
AdviceIn appearance, PVC panels are difficult to distinguish from the material they imitate, especially from afar. Therefore, if you are satisfied with their properties, natural material can be replaced with them..
Made of wood
Wooden facade panels are made either from lining or from planken. Despite the fact that both are boards, they have specific features that affect the design, the nuances of operation..
Option for decorating a house with a tree
Lining is a thin plank with a convex surface. It has grooves on both sides, with which one bar is attached to the other. It is usually made from inexpensive wood species, most often coniferous..
The advantages are as follows:
- Ease of installation. It is assembled no heavier than PVC – the same constructor of the form “insert a spike into the groove, latches, repeat”.
- Natural material. This is more a matter of aesthetics than anything else – the lining looks like natural wood. The bark pattern is always different, as is the shade of the color.
- Environmental friendliness. The material is breathable, does not emit any harmful vapors.
- Low price. Lining is only slightly more expensive than PVC.
Wooden facade panels are made either from lining or from planken
But like most natural wood, the lining is not resistant. From moisture, it rots, swells. Dry heat cracks, cracks. It can be damaged by parasites, moss can grow on it. To avoid this, it is necessary from time to time (preferably every spring) to update the special composition covering the facade.
There are no such problems with planken. It is the same board, but with a smooth surface and no grooves. Its edges are either straight or beveled, the thickness is usually in the region of two centimeters. Most often made from larch – the tree is relatively expensive, but resistant to moisture.
The advantages are as follows:
- Sustainability. Unlike the lining, it does not dry out in the heat and does not suffer from moisture.
- Interesting mounting system. Not only provides ventilation, but also adds a touch to the overall design.
- the beauty. Like any natural wood, planken is beautiful.
- Easy to replace elements. Although the installation itself requires more skill than in the case of the clapboard, it is easier to replace the damaged element – it is enough to simply unscrew it, and not remove it from the slot system.
Wood is one of the most beautiful and expensive materials
Its main drawback is the high price.. For larch, moreover, impregnated with special compounds at the production stage, you need to pay more than for pine.
It is interesting that in the absence of a groove fastening, the plank can be fastened in two ways:
- Visible. In this case, the board scrolls right through to the front. Self-tapping hats can be a small but fun design touch.
- Hidden. In this case, the board is attached to a special device attached to the facade – from the side it seems that nothing holds it.
Installation of this material requires great skill.
Both the lining and the planken are flammable – if a fire breaks out in the house, the facade will also burn.
AdviceWood is the most beautiful material, but rather impractical (or expensive). It makes sense to put it only if you just want wooden panels and no others..
Made of metal
Metal is a relatively expensive material, the price of which directly affects the quality of the resulting facade. It has the following advantages:
- Ease. Of course, the weight of the metal is greater than that of PVC, but it is still small enough to be easily delivered..
- Strength. Unlike PVC and lining, metal will not be damaged by mechanical stress – it is difficult to break it or punch a hole. You can, perhaps, leave a small dent, but it can be corrected.
- Sustainability. The metal is resistant to fire, biological irritants, temperature changes. It does not change from the heat, it does not become fragile in the cold. It cannot be harmed by pests.
- Moisture resistant. Provided either by stainless steel or by a special coating. The second is cheaper, but also more fragile – if the coating is damaged, the metal under it will quickly rust.
- Aesthetics. Metal can be of different colors, but it is always beautiful, has a specific shine, a special charm. Available in different colors, it can even have a mirror surface.
Metal is a relatively expensive material
Of course, it has its downsides:
- Noise. If you install the panels horizontally, at a slight angle, in every rain, drops will drum on them, giving rise to a loud annoying sound.
- Complexity of installation. The metal is most often welded into a single sheet – this way it becomes insensitive to any influences in general, but the procedure requires equipment and skills that you most likely do not have. In addition, after the completion of the work, it will be difficult to replace one failed panel. And even if the panels are installed using screws, holes will need to be drilled for them, which also requires skill..
It is imperative to lay a layer of thermal insulation under the metal.. If wood can do without it, then metal can not. It also accumulates static electricity, so fixing satellite dishes and air conditioners on such a facade is a bad idea..
Has a specific shine, special charm
AdviceThe metal to cover the façade should be used if it matches well with the architecture of the house. The effect of its use is usually very strict..
Fiber cement differs from conventional cement for the most part in the way it is processed: it is first mixed, then passed through special holes under high pressure, forming panels directly. Then they allow it to rest for several hours, bake at high temperature and cover with compounds for repelling moisture, coupled with general strengthening.
The resulting panels can look like any material and have the following benefits:
- Sustainability. Do not burn, do not rot, are not afraid of biological threats, do not suffer from heat or cold, do not change color in the sun.
- Ease. Heavier than PVC, can be compared to wood in terms of lightness.
- Strength. Resistant to mechanical damage, can last up to half a century.
- Thermal insulation. Unlike PVC and metal, it does not need additional insulation – the material itself retains heat well enough.
- Diversity. Fiber cement is produced painted in different colors, forged for different materials. Its surface can be smooth or textured, resemble wood or stone so that it is difficult to distinguish.
- Possibility to carry out installation in any conditions. Even in extreme cold.
Fiber cement differs from conventional cement in the way it is processed
Fiber cement is so resistant to moisture that it can become a problem – not only will it not penetrate inside, but also will not get outside, which can affect the strength of the facade walls. In addition, over time, the slabs deform, although by only two percent – this is not very noticeable..
The peculiarity of fiber cement is that you can not only buy it ready-made, but also paint it yourself.
AdviceIf you want to finish the facade without significantly increasing the load on the foundation, and then paint it to your liking – fiber cement is a good solution. Especially if you do not want a uniform color, but an intricate pattern and hand-painted.
This material is resistant to moisture
Glass and stone
Both glass and stone are rarely used for facade decoration.. This is due to a number of specific disadvantages:
- High cost. The stone must be mined and delivered, the glass must be made and tempered so that it is resistant to mechanical damage.
- Weight. Both materials weigh so much that transporting them becomes a problem. In addition, you also need to calculate the load on the foundation – if it is too large, the house will simply sag.
- High thermal conductivity. Both materials heat up easily and cool down just as easily. In summer, they provide an additional increase in temperature inside the house, in winter – a decrease. And if the stone can still be insulated, then glass is far from always.
- Complexity of installation. The glass is attached to a special metal mesh, which you still need to be able to install – and a person without experience cannot do it. The stone is attached to panels, which are difficult to attach due to the total weight.
The house inside will always be full of light
In addition, if the stone does not require any maintenance, then the glass must be regularly washed with special means, otherwise it will lose transparency, and with it its main advantage is the chic appearance..
The disadvantages of both materials are the same. But the advantages of each are specific..
For a stone, these are:
- Reliability. Any construction made of stone can last for centuries, since it is not sensitive to mechanical damage, does not wear out, does not fade in the sun, does not suffer from temperature changes, does not become fragile in the cold, does not warp from heat. He is not afraid of biological threats, he firmly endures any weather. The maximum that can happen to a stone facade is moss will grow on it, but for some designs this will only benefit.
- Aesthetics. Natural stone is beautiful like any other natural material. Each stone in the masonry is unique.
The stone does not require any maintenance
Of course, the stone cannot be given a color other than natural, but this is a very conditional minus – after all, the stone is bought in order to please it with natural beauty.
Glass has other pluses:
- the beauty. Regardless of whether the glass panels are used as walls or fixed to them, the result will look amazing anyway. Plus, in the first case, the house inside will always be full of light..
- Diversity. There are different glasses – frosted, transparent, mirror, coated, engraved, changing color in the sun, reinforced. With their help, you can create a magnificent composition, especially if you combine several types of glass..
Natural stone is beautiful like any other natural material
Suitable for facade finishing:
- Clear glass. Rather, it is used to replace ordinary dense walls – with their help, a part of the facade becomes completely permeable to light. In Russia, unfortunately, it is for the most part inapplicable – the long snowy winter does not dispose to make a glass facade near the house..
- Frosted glass. Much more logical in the climate of our country. Mounted on the wall of the house, like ordinary panels, it can have any shade to the taste of the customer. To add beauty to it, you can use stained glass inserts (or turn part of the facade into a stained glass window completely), laser engraving with a pattern, dusting, which will give the glass a special rough texture. You can even buy wired glass, which features a “square” texture..
Part of the facade can even be made mirrored, but on sunny days it will shine and dazzle everyone who inadvertently looks at it..
AdviceA completely stone or glass facade is expensive and not always justified. If you are confused by the price, but you like the material, you can include glass or stone inserts in the overall design..
Sandwich panels are, in fact, a ready-made facade cladding, which does not need to be additionally insulated, it is enough just to fix it on the wall. Consists of two layers of facing material, between which insulation is poured.
For the outer layers, they usually use:
- Metal. The material is thin, durable, desperately in need of additional insulation, since it cannot provide thermal insulation itself. Resistant to everything, durable, beautiful, but it is difficult to mount panels from it.
- Pvc. It becomes fragile in the cold, can emit poisonous fumes with poor quality, but it costs a little, comes in a variety of colors, is easy to transport, easy to fix.
Sandwich panels are, in fact, a finished facade cladding
Neither wood, nor fiber cement, nor glass, nor stone are used for sandwich panels, since they themselves are capable of providing thermal insulation.
Insulation is used for the inner layer:
- Mineral wool. Does not burn, does not rot, is not sensitive to biological threats – no parasites will start in it. But you need to pay attention to tightness – if moisture gets on the cotton wool, it will lose most of its thermal insulation properties.
- Polystyrene. It does not deteriorate due to water and serves for a long time, but it burns, emitting acrid black smoke, and also suffers from biological threats – rodents can live in it. It is also not resistant to sunlight and, if there is a hole in the panel, it will partially collapse.
- Polyurethane foam. More expensive than other materials, but also better in terms of keeping heat – it releases it twice as slow as mineral wool, and one and a half times slower than polystyrene. Does not burn, does not suffer from moisture, very light. The only drawback is that rodents can start in it..
This material is easy to assemble
There are three ways to combine materials:
- Collect on site. In this case, you buy sheets of cladding material, insulation and glue, and then you can assemble them into sandwich panels right on the spot. The advantage is the ease of delivery, since everything is easier individually. The disadvantage is poor quality, especially if you break the assembly rules.
- Fill. In this case, you buy facing sheets and a balloon with polyurethane foam, and then fill the voids between the sheets. The disadvantage is that you have to wait until everything is dry, and in addition, if you act carelessly due to inexperience, gaps can form in the thickness of the foam, which worsen the thermal insulation.
- Purchase. Conveyor assembly is more expensive and requires careful delivery. But at the same time, the sandwich panels are precisely made according to all the requirements of GOST, they will last for decades. And if something turns out to be wrong with them, you can always contact the seller with a complaint.
Beautiful house in a modern style
Regardless of the way which materials were combined, sandwich panels have advantages:
- Ease of installation. Sandwich panels are assembled according to the same principle of the constructor, where you need to fix the spike in the groove and you can move on to the next hitch.
- Sustainability. Any external material can easily survive humidity, temperature drops, and any atmospheric phenomena.
- No need to insulate. Cladding the facade with sandwich panels is at the same time insulating and covering it with cladding material.
- Ease. The panels do not give a special load on the foundation.
There are also disadvantages:
- Lack of aesthetics. Only the simplest architectural structures can be faced with sandwich panels, since they do not bend, they cannot be cut, the length is not adjusted.
- Flammability. Almost all fillers are flammable, which will affect in case of fire.
Simple and inexpensive home decoration
Sandwich panel designs are usually the simplest: a uniform bright color. You can make the house striped, but you won’t be able to lay out complex patterns with their help..
AdviceIf you want to clad your facade with plastic or metal, choose sandwich panels. The aesthetic effect will be exactly the same, but you do not have to fiddle with insulation.
It will be interesting for you:
A material that is resistant to weathering and mechanical stress, which provides thermal insulation and protects the walls of the house from wear and tear, is not all that is usually needed in order to enjoy looking at the house. Otherwise, everyone would live in houses sheathed with simple sandwich panels. Aesthetics are important.
It is influenced by the location of the panels:
- Vertical. Will make the house visually taller, which is useful for small squat houses.
- Horizontal. Will make the house shorter, wider in appearance, which is useful for tall houses that look too narrow.
- Brick. It is used for basement planks – they are not stacked exactly one above the other, but with an indent, as bricks are laid. It looks good, it does not bring any special visual changes to the shape..
Vertical products will make the house visually higher
It is influenced by colors:
- Bright White the color looks good, but it needs to be washed constantly, otherwise it will fade very quickly and become gray.
- Bright black color for houses is usually not used unless it is a gothic house. An exception is a black background with a bright pattern or accessories that attract attention. But still, it is usually considered that the effect is too dark..
- Shades yellow. The sunny color will attract attention to the house, make it visually more comfortable and pleasant. A common color that looks good in surroundings garden.
- Shades green. For dachas are rarely used, since a green house immersed in greenery will look a little strange. But for a country cottage, surrounded by other buildings, a garage and a neat garden, soft shades of mint or light green are well suited.
The bright white looks good, but it needs to be washed constantly
- Shades red. Usually considered too bright, therefore undesirable, but muted options, such as brick, are quite consistent with the classic ideas of a country house.
- Shades of brown. Looks good, reminiscent of village houses. But it is not recommended to take cold or too dark.
- Delicate shades. Beige, pink, peach. They will make the house a little larger and more comfortable in appearance. Well suited for small houses, in which comfort is the main idea of the design.
- Cool shades. They will also make the house look larger, but at the same time stricter and darker. Works well with glass or metal inserts.
This is influenced by the finish:
- Pure plastic. It does not look very aesthetically pleasing, because from one glance it seems that the house has cost the owners cheap. But for a small house that doesn’t have to be too sophisticated – adequate.
- Pure wood or stone. Natural materials are always beautiful. The tree looks warm, cozy, reminiscent of villages, pleasant childhood memories. The stone is stricter, but when combined with wood, it will look softer.
- Pure metal. Matches well with glass, perfect for home decoration in style high tech. Gives a special shine and austerity to the style. Reminds of skyscrapers, industrial buildings.
- Clear glass. It goes well with metal, very much depends on the specific glass. Transparent looks extravagant, rich, a little strange. Matte reminds of the sea, tall buildings, the centers of large cities. It is good for frosted glass to be colored, this gives it additional charm..
Stylish, country house
- Under the brick. It is made using PVC panels, plastic for which is poured in several layers into a mold that copies natural brickwork. Looks indistinguishable from real brick from a distance, well suited for home in classic style, plus it allows you to save money – PVC is cheaper than real brick and much lighter.
- Under the tree. Made with fiber cement or PVC, it allows you to enjoy the aesthetic appearance, forgetting about all the shortcomings of the tree and the fact that it needs to be refurbished so that it does not rot. From a distance, again, it is indistinguishable, but up close the nuances of color give out. The uniqueness of natural wood is absent.
- Under the stone. Natural stone is heavy and expensive, it is better to buy fiber cement or PVC for it. They, of course, wear out faster, but if you want to change the exterior of the house, it will be much easier to change them..
Horizontal products will make the house lower, wider in appearance
AdviceIt is a good idea to combine different materials. Lay the panels under the stone in two rows, and trim the top with wood or wood-like panels. Insert glass inserts between metal panels. The main thing is that the result is combined.
Cozy house in Provence style
Before you go to the store for specific panels, you should draw how the house will look after sheathing, and only if you like everything, proceed to the implementation.
In the store, however, you need to check whether the panels are chipped and cracked, whether they have the same length and width, whether the packaging is not tight..
Panels can be attached to any wall, unlike plaster
Facade panels are a way to personalize your home and experiment with design.