House fronts: Finishing and Sheathing. How to make it better? (150+ Photos)
The gable of the house must be strong and reliable. Therefore, this issue should be given special attention. In this article, you will learn about the features of robots, schemes, materials and finishing methods. And the main thing is that it is possible to do it all with your own hands, everything is exactly the way you want it. Read about all this and more.
What it is?
Pediment (from other Greek: Front – forehead) is a natural continuation of the end wall of the building. It is located above the eaves, which coincides in level with the overlap between the last floor and the attic.. This is usually a plane bounded by the roof slopes. Most often they are triangular simple or polygonal broken lines, sometimes semicircular or bow-shaped (resembles the bend of a stretched bow). There are also other configurations, for example, in the form of a trapezoid.
The pediment is a natural extension of the end wall of the building.
Since the ancient times of Ancient Greece and Rome, the pediment began to be used as an additional independent architectural element decorating the building. As such, it was widely used in palace and temple buildings, small architectural forms – rotundas, triumphal arches, etc.. Coats of arms, wreaths, emblems, cornucopia, allegorical figures of the Muses or Geniuses of Glory were placed in its field..
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From a constructive point of view, the pediment is the wall of the attic, which protects its internal space from atmospheric influences – wind, dust, rain and snow. This part of the facade can be solid or they arrange a dormer in it – round or semicircular..
A dormer is required to equalize the pressure inside the attic and outside the building. The dormer should be open, especially in summer. A wooden house without this device will constantly creak and deform. In brick – due to the rigidity of structures, cracks may appear in them, which can very easily turn into emergency defects that require a considerable investment of funds to eliminate.
From a constructive point of view, this detail is the wall of the attic.
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House with attic or mezzanine
If in the space of the attic they have attic floor or a mezzanine, one or more ordinary rectangular windows are arranged in the frontal part of the attic, and sometimes a small cantilever balcony. The pediment is part of the roof truss system of the building. Usually, the underframe longitudinal girders and the ridge beam rest on it from above..
When the house is located in an area with strong winds, and the height is large enough, it makes sense when installing the roof to provide internal struts made of wood or metal. They will support the structure and protect against collapse.. When the house has one or two longitudinal internal capital walls, in the places where they adjoin the external fences, it is possible to install half-timbered elements resting on them (walls) from the inside – rectangular (pilasters) or inclined (buttresses).
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Material for making
Have brick or a wooden house with unintended additional external finishing, it will be better if the material of the enclosing structures matches the material of the pediment. That is, in an unplastered brick house, it should be brick, and in a wooden frame – from logs, in a plastered one – plastered. At the same time, the thickness may differ from the thickness of the walls in a smaller direction..
AdviceDo not get carried away with the use of different materials for this part of the wall and enclosing structures. If this was not specifically conceived by an architect or designer, in most cases this may indicate bad taste..
Beautiful country house design
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Often a house project provides for additional finishing of facades, often combined with insulation, and this can be:
- simple or decorative plaster;
- cladding with ceramic, artificial or natural tiles stone;
- cladding with plastic, fiber cement, other types siding or panels;
- use of the so-called ventilated facade. This allows outside air to pass freely under the cladding and remove excess moisture. And also make the building less cold in summer and cooler in winter.
In this case, the material and manufacturing methods may differ from how the walls are arranged. So, for example, the walls can be made of bricks, and the gables can be made of foam concrete blocks or wood-panel. After uniform finishing of the facades and frontal parts, they can look like they were built in the same style..
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The use of lightweight materials for the manufacture of gables will help reduce the load on the foundation and make it less massive, which will save. For the manufacture of lightweight structures, the following may be suitable:
- edged board 3 … 5 cm thick;
- blocks of foam or aerated concrete;
- cinder block;
- expanded clay concrete blocks;
- a volumetric wooden or metal frame, lined from the inside and outside with plastic panels with thermal insulation inserted between them.
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Warming of the pediment
When an attic space is adapted to accommodate an attic or a mezzanine, and the thickness of the front wall is less than the thickness of the front walls, this part of the house must be insulated. It is better to do heat protection from the outside.. There are two reasons for this:
- preservation of the useful volume of the attic;
- inclusion of the pediment wall into the thermal protection system.
Red brick finish
The insulation must be protected from mechanical damage. Therefore, thermal insulation is usually combined with cladding or cladding.. It is carried out using a wooden or metal frame in the form of slats, fixed with screws on the wall at a certain pitch and interval. The cells that are formed between the elements of the frame lattice are filled with mineral wool mats or foam sheets before cladding.
Before laying, the insulation is wrapped in a film with waterproofing and water-repellent properties. At the same time, it lets the vapor migrating through the walls, which is formed from the vital activity of people and the changes in internal and external temperatures. A vapor-permeable film or membrane does not allow the thermal insulation to be absorbed by water condensate and, as a result, to lose its protective properties.
To prevent soaking when installing the covering, a roof overhang is arranged. It rests on filly through the crate – figured boards that protrude beyond the facade at a distance of up to 40 centimeters or more.
Wood never goes out of style
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Arrangement of window or door openings
Window or doorways can be arranged by expanding the dormer window, to the area required for a comfortable stay in the room. If the pediment is solid or “blind”, the openings are punched in the standard way. For bricks – a horizontal rod is cut at the level of the upper part of the opening, into which a concrete or metal lintel is inserted and fixed. Then the underlying part of the masonry is removed to install the window or door infill.
Beautiful home decoration with a gable
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Decorative finishing of gables
Most houses have a pronounced cornice, that is, a widening of the outer wall at the level of the attic floor. It is sometimes additionally decorated with running moldings – rods, cuts, etc. It is recommended to make the same so-called, frontal boards, that is, elements that complete the inclined or curved parts of the pediment, so that the parts limiting it are the same. The end wall, passing into the attic fence with the missing cornice, is called gable.
A brick pediment or gable can be decorated with a chiseled brick pattern, such as simulating brackets to support a cornice slab.
These protruding and sinking alternating parts are called crackers. Brickwork every 3 … 4 rows is reinforced with a wire mesh with d = 4 … 6 mm.
House in German style
When the house and the pediment are plastered, the color of their planes most often coincides in color, however, sometimes designers recommend contrasting tones to create the color scheme of the structure..
Pediment made of wood
When decorating wooden houses, they are sometimes sheathed with clapboard, that is, with a splitted board 1 … 1 thick. 5 cm. Sheathing is carried out vertically, horizontally or obliquely – “herringbone” or other type of patterns. Cornices and frontal boards of pediments, as well as platbands and window frames, are often decorated with carvings. And on the skate, a weather vane is installed with a flag or a silhouette of some totem animal.
Large panoramic windows let in a lot of light
Wood is a combustible material as well as organic matter with low resistance to biological pollution. Therefore, before use, wooden elements and structures must be adequately protected..
For biological protection against fungus, rotting, mold, grinder beetles and bark beetles, wood is treated with antiseptics in a water-soluble form or added to the composition of a lacquer primer. To reduce the fire hazard, flame retardants are used. These are substances that increase the flash point, as well as, when heated, emit substances that prevent combustion.
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Finishing with corrugated board or asbestos-cement slate
If the building is not a barn, a place to house animals (barn, pigsty, poultry house), garage or workshop. In this case, metal corrugated board, corrugated and flat asbestos-cement sheets are not recommended for facing frontal and other vertical parts.. Building materials that are good for making fences and hedges look out of place in a residential building except for the roof.
Pediment made of wood
If the owner of the house has the necessary financial capabilities and wants to decorate his house using classic architectural orders and styles, you can choose any suitable gable configuration.. For example, it can be made open, that is, without bringing the frontal boards to the ridge, complete them with volutes – twisting snails.
Between them, install a rectangular or round pedestal pedestal, on which, in turn, put a flowerpot, urn, and sometimes a bust of the owner or a particularly revered ancestor. The dormer in the field of the pediment can be decorated with a stucco wreath with floral ornament. Below, under the cornice, in a special rectangular field, a saying or motto is sometimes placed in Latin that suits the owner in spirit or in mood.
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Pediment – do it yourself
Making a pediment with your own hands is no more difficult than erecting other enclosing vertical parts of a building. But this is only if there is certain construction experience and qualifications.. In their absence, it is better to start self-study construction business with the device of a shed or garage.
You will also need to recall the course of school Euclidean geometry. This will be required in order to correctly mark at least two identical parts of the house of a triangular or more complex shape. They are usually spaced from one another at a distance of 10 or more meters. And all this needs to be done using a cord, a plumb line, bubble and water levels.. Otherwise, if there are errors in the markup, you will get a curve shifted to one side, a roof with a ridge skewed in the vertical and horizontal plane.
AdviceIt is not recommended to carry out work on the device of the gables alone. Better to invite one or two helpers. In this capacity, adult relatives, acquaintances or neighbors can be used..
If you have difficulty in marking, call the surveyor. He, having geodetic instruments – a level and a theodolite and others, will be able to correctly break down, but he will ask for some money.
Advantages and disadvantages
Brick pediment. The most reliable method of building strong and durable fences. There are practically no disadvantages.
Stone finish option
Wooden pediment. With all its advantages – ease of installation and processing, environmental properties (does not emit substances harmful to humans and vapors) has a disadvantage – increased flammability and fire hazard
Pediment made of corrugated board. Disadvantages – unpresentable appearance, risk of corrosion in the places of fastening.
Gables lined with plastic panels or siding. Advantages – do a good job with protective properties. Disadvantages – warpage, color fading, low resistance to solar ultraviolet light.
VIDEO: How to correctly mark the pediment?
When erecting gables, you must comply with safety requirements. Working at heights requires a secure and stable platform, which must have protective guards. The performer must wear special clothing and footwear, and have a protective shockproof helmet for the head. Individual operations should be performed only with tools and equipment intended for them. Connection of electrical equipment must be grounded..