Be careful – false froth
False froth from the stropharia family is a prominent representative of poisonous mushrooms, which is very dangerous to human health. It is easy to confuse it with edible mushrooms, so novice mushroom pickers should be very careful when picking. What a false mushroom looks like can be seen in the photo below..
Fake Foam Brick Red
It is one of the most popular poisonous mushrooms. This pseudo-froth differs in the diameter of the cap, which varies within 4-8 cm. Rare specimens can reach 12 cm. The cap of this representative of the mushrooms can be oval-convex, which eventually takes on a prostrate shape. The color range is expressed in the following shades: brick-red, yellow-brown, red-brown. The middle of the cap is almost always darker and more saturated than the edges. The leg height can be in the range of 6-10 cm, and the width is about 1.5 cm.
This type of mushroom genus can be found in forests from early summer to late autumn. Predominantly brick-red pseudo-foam grows on stumps of dry deciduous (occasionally coniferous) trees.
It should be noted that a distinctive feature of a brick false froth from an edible one is an unpleasant odor emitted from the pulp of a broken poisonous mushroom. Real honey mushrooms should smell delicious even when picked. This is the number one rule to keep in mind.!
There is no unequivocal opinion about the edibility of this mushroom. For a long time it was considered poisonous, then it was believed that after boiling and draining the water, it can still be used in cooking. Today in many countries, such as Germany, Italy, Canada, it is used in food. In our country, this species is categorically recognized as inedible, since, having in its composition toxins, it can cause poisoning. If even a small amount of it enters the stomach, diarrhea, nausea and severe headache occur..
There is an opinion that it is possible to develop immunity to toxic toxins contained in the considered type of mushroom. To do this, you should periodically eat them for a long time, after which poisoning does not occur. An extremely dubious proposition, almost like playing roulette. Better not to risk your health!
Candoll’s False Foam
This is another prominent representative of inedible false hornets. But despite the presence of dangerous components, some people still use it in food. The conditional edibility of Psatirella (second name) lies in careful cooking before consumption..
The mushroom is distinguished by the diameter of a bell-shaped or broad-conical cap. It can be within 3-8 cm. After a while, the cap opens to a flat appearance with a small tubercle in the middle. The edges are wavy-sinuous and cracked. The younger generation is yellow-brown in color. When dry, they become creamy white, break easily.
The plates are adherent, thick and thin. They tend to change their contrast as they mature, from white to porphyry. Dark brown caps are marked with lighter edges, where hanging light films (the remains of the bedspread) are located.
The fleshy part of Psatirella has practically no special taste and smell, it is very thin and fragile. The people sometimes come across the name of the fragile kandolla, which is associated with its strong fragility. The height of the stem of the mushroom can reach 9 cm, and the width is 0.6 cm. It has a smooth surface that thickens at the base or has a rhizome appendage.
It is possible to meet Candollu false foams in the forests from May to the end of October. Mushrooms spread in groups on the wood of deciduous or coniferous dried stumps. Sometimes they can also be found on living trees..
Description of false foams sulfur yellow
This species also belongs to the category of dangerous poisonous mushrooms, which are very easy to confuse with the edible representatives of the mushroom kingdom. It should be noted that useful mushrooms and false foams are very fond of coexisting, which carries an even greater danger for inattentive or inexperienced mushroom pickers.
Sulfur-yellow false froth is more common not only in forests, but also in mountainous areas. It almost always grows in group composition in the form of whole beams.
Favorite distribution sites:
- old stumps;
- dry trees;
- broken branches and trunks lying on the ground.
It bears maximum fruit in August-September, but a great love of warmth gives it the opportunity to grow in autumn until the end of November..
The hat has a convex shape, and its diameter reaches 6 cm. As it grows, it straightens out. It has a peculiar shade: yellow on top, reddish in the middle, yellowish-greenish lower edges. The plates are whitish and creamy yellow (in young animals), in older mushrooms they have a bluish-gray tone. The flesh of the mushroom is light yellow or whitish, very bitter in taste and has an unpleasant odor.
The main warning sign for mushroom pickers is a greenish or olive shade of the cap..
The composition of the sulfur-yellow false foam contains resinous substances that negatively affect not only the digestive tract, but also other human organs. Therefore, when poisoning with these false mushrooms, a blow to the whole body occurs, especially if it is a child or an elderly person. In some cases, statistics even note deaths after the onset of acute gastroenteritis..
Poisoning is accompanied by:
- severe nausea;
- abdominal pain;
- loss of consciousness;
The poison contained in this type of false foam inflicts a strong blow on the liver and kidneys. Its effect can occur between 6 and 48 hours after consumption. It is the absence of early signs of poisoning that is the reason for the delay in the provision of first aid, which in 80% of cases ends in death..
At the first sign of poisoning with any of the types of mushrooms, an ambulance should be called immediately. Before her arrival, it is necessary in every possible way to help cleanse the body of poisonous toxins that have fallen into it. Drink a few glasses of boiled water and a solution of potassium permanganate to induce vomiting. Any laxatives will also do the trick..
When picking mushrooms, you should remember the main rule of the mushroom picker “to be 100% confident in all the mushrooms that you put in your basket.” If the percentage of this confidence is 99.9%, then it is better to pass by. The description of false agarics, which are presented above, will allow you to make the right choice..