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Photos and descriptions of popular varieties of asparagus beans

Asparagus beans in bloom The main feature of asparagus beans is the absence of a coarse parchment layer on the inside of the valves. This natural defense is formed in the beans as the seeds ripen and does not allow the use of the pods themselves, so beloved by gourmets all over the world for their juiciness, delicate taste, useful properties and versatility..

Asparagus beans: two types under the same name

Phaseolus vulgaris beans Vegetable bean dishes, first tasted by Europeans in the 18th century, were made from Phaseolus vulgaris beans brought from the American shores by the Spanish and Portuguese. Over the past centuries, many fruitful varieties of common beans have been bred, including those that do not form a parchment layer inside the shoulder blades. Such plants give elongated dietary beans of a cylindrical shape, retaining the juiciness of the valves for a very long time..

In addition, today gardeners and adherents of a healthy lifestyle are offered to try numerous and very interesting varieties of asparagus beans from the Asian region. These are the cowpea or cowpea beans, several varieties of which are combined under the name Vigna unguiculata.

The peculiarity of this type of beans is long, round pods in cross-section. If the pods of asparagus beans of domestic, European or American selection do not exceed 40 cm in length, then cowpea beans, with proper care, can easily grow to a meter long. Because of their unusual appearance in China and the West, beans are sometimes called snake..

Cowpea or cowpeaThe closest relatives of this kind of asparagus beans shown in the photo are moth beans from India, mung beans and a number of species common in Africa, the Asian region and the Middle East. At the same time, asparagus beans of both types are annual plants cultivated as bush or climbing forms and give not only juicy pods, but also edible, nutritious seeds of various sizes and colors..

Unlike American varieties of asparagus beans, which are necessarily subject to heat treatment, cowpea beans of milk-wax ripeness can be safely eaten raw. Small cowpea seeds are useful not only in traditional dishes, but also sprouted. The only drawback of this amazing asparagus bean is its thermophilic nature, so in central Russia, the plant can often be seen in greenhouses, where Asian beans bring a stable yield of pods and seeds for sowing. To speed up the production of cowpea beans, you can:

  • choose bushy asparagus beans, which tend to ripen more quickly than climbing plants, but their beans are much shorter;
  • give preference to Chinese or domestic varieties and hybrids, less whimsical than Japanese varieties.

Recently, American-bred cowpea has gained popularity. Asparagus varieties of common beans are not becoming less popular..

Descriptions and photos of the asparagus bean variety Phaseolus vulgaris

Modern varieties and productive hybrids of this variety are distinguished by the tenderness and high juiciness of the pods, their even cylindrical shape and stable fruiting in a variety of climatic conditions. Among the varieties there are both bush and curly. The beans can be green, yellow, white, purple and variegated. The fruits of asparagus beans differ in the same variety of colors..

Bona’s Asparagus Beans

Bona's Asparagus BeansStraight beans with a bend barely noticeable to the tip ripen in 50-75 days, which refers this variety of asparagus beans of domestic selection to early ripening.

The culture forms a compact bush, no more than 40 cm high. For this asparagus bean, as in the photo, delicate rounded pods 13–16 cm long, in which there is no parchment layer, are characteristic. Up to 6 glossy white seeds usually ripen in a pod.

The variety is well known to Russian vegetable growers, is famous for its resistance to diseases, productivity and versatility of use..

Asparagus bean variety Blue Lake

Asparagus bean variety Blue LakeUnlike the previous variety, these asparagus beans are tall. Plants reach a height of one and a half meters and require the organization of strong supports. Ripening begins in 50–56 days, so the variety is very early. The beans are long, deep green and up to 16 cm long.

Seeds are medium-sized, white. On the valves, coarse fibers are completely absent, which determines the high dietary value of the asparagus bean variety shown in the photo. Plants are productive, resistant to common diseases. For stable growth and fruiting, the culture needs regular watering, nutrition and plenty of light..

Yellow asparagus bean variety Sweet Courage

Yellow asparagus bean variety Sweet CourageThe early maturing bush variety provides a harvest already 41–56 days after germination and forms compact 40-centimeter plants. A distinctive feature of these asparagus beans is cylindrical, with a slight bend, juicy beans of bright yellow color. The length of such a pod is 12-16 cm.

Description and photo of the variety of asparagus beans Neringa

Neringa asparagus bean varietyThe harvest from the bushes of the presented variety of asparagus beans can be harvested in 50-60 days. As you can see in the photo, asparagus beans produce narrow, green pods with a length of 14 to 16 cm. The leaves are juicy, thick, without a layer of parchment that spoils the taste of the product. Plants bear fruit together, beans are suitable for all types of processing. Today, Russian breeders offer a great variety of varieties of asparagus beans. The advantage of these varieties and hybrids is their adaptability to local conditions and availability..

Plants obtained in other countries are no less interesting and worthy of attention of gardeners. The leaders in breeding in this direction are the USA, France, Holland and Italy..

Asparagus Bean Pencil Pod Black Wax

Asparagus Bean Pencil Pod Black WaxIt takes 60 to 65 days for the beans of the Italian variety to ripen. Vegetable bushes have a height of about 40 cm, are hardy and productive. Delicate yellow cylindrical pods are tasty and have good marketability. They retain their juiciness and dense crispy texture for a long time. Inside the bean of this variety of asparagus beans there are up to 6 black oblong seeds, the length of the pod reaches 15 cm.

Description and photo of Mascotte asparagus beans

Asparagus beans MascotteBeans are harvested from very small Mascott plants within 50–55 days after germination. Without fibrous inclusions, dense, crunchy pods are very much loved by the French. The bushes are so compact that they can be grown on a window in a city apartment..

Therefore, these asparagus beans are one of the favorites in this country. Excellent yield and decent quality of 15 cm long fruit.

Purple Queen asparagus beans

Purple Queen asparagus beansThis variety of asparagus beans, judging by the photo, is rightfully called the “purple queen.” In the process of cooking, the color of the shutters changes to a thick, green one. The growing season lasts up to 55 days. Beans can grow up to 20 cm.

Kentucky Blue Pole American Asparagus Beans

A favorite of American farmers, the Kentucky Blue Pole asparagus bean produces high yields of sweet, quality beans. The growing season lasts up to 65 days, during which a large climbing plant with a height of about 2.5 meters is formed.

Kentucky Blue Pole American Asparagus BeansThe presented variety of asparagus beans has a lot in common with the Russian Blue Lake. The culture also bears fruit for a long time, yielding 20-centimeter long beans.

Yellow Asparagus Beans Gold Mine

Yellow Asparagus Beans Gold MineUltra-sweet bush-type asparagus beans. Plants are upright, strong, pods are formed in clusters, which significantly increases productivity. Up to 600-800 grams of beans can be removed from one bush, the growing season lasts up to 55 days. The unusual taste of the fruit is enjoyed by both adults and children..

Vigna beans: photos and descriptions of varieties

Asian variety of asparagus beans, cowpea, is becoming more and more popular in the world. Russian breeders did not stand aside either. Leading companies already offer their own varieties of this variety of vegetable beans. Seed companies of other countries are not lagging behind..

Beans Vigna Fakir

Beans Vigna FakirA mid-season bean variety from Sedek attracts gardeners with green beans 30–50 cm long. At the same time, the width of the valve does not exceed 1 cm, and its pulp is tender and does not have a rough inner shell at all. Tall bushes curl beautifully and can climb up to 3-meter height.

The domestic selection of asparagus beans is highly resistant to diseases, is harvestable and feels great in Russian gardens. In the southern regions, it is possible to grow in open ground, and in the middle lane – only in a greenhouse.

Beans Vigna Spaghetti

Beans Vigna SpaghettiThe advantage of this variety is its high yield and quality of long, parchment-free pods. The length of the beans in good years reaches 55 cm, the width is 1 cm. The color of the valves is green, the consistency is juicy, without bean flavor and aftertaste. From one vigorous bush in 60 days, up to 5 kg of useful products are obtained.

Asparagus Bean Vigna Macaretti

Asparagus Bean Vigna MacarettiHarvest beans, growing in 60–65 days and forming dense crispy fruits up to 35 cm long. Plants of this variety of cowpea beans are tall, fast-growing. The height of the bush involves the use of supports, otherwise it will be difficult for the plant to withstand the abundance of beans.

The variety of Russian selection has high commercial and taste qualities and is of interest to gardeners in various regions..

Voigna Beans Countess

Variety Countess from Gavrish can be attributed to the Japanese variety of vigna. Tall, up to 5 meters, plants give many long thin pods, sometimes a meter in length. The pod leaf width is only 1.5 cm.Seeds are small, round-oval, black.

Voigna Beans CountessThis is one of the most capricious varieties of asparagus beans for Russian gardeners, but in greenhouse conditions, even in the middle lane, the cowpea manages to ripen and give seeds..

Popular French variety of Asparagus Bean Fortex

Popular French variety of Asparagus Bean FortexDelicious asparagus beans from French breeders do not have a coarse layer in the bean leaves, they have an excellent delicate texture and bright taste..

Popular French beansThis variety of white beans is very popular in France, where they appreciate not only the taste of 20-30 cm pods, but also dense nutritious chocolate-colored seeds. Vegetation lasts from 75 to 80 days, during which the climbing plant grows 2.5-3 meters.

Red Podded Asparagus Beans

Red Podded Asparagus BeansLong, up to 80 cm, beans are not only distinguished by their size, but also by their bright purple color. Climbing strong plants easily tolerate a large number of pods, becoming not only a source of a delicious product, but also a decoration of the site. For culinary purposes, it is best to use beans up to half a meter long. They are the juiciest and most crunchy.

Asparagus Yardlong Classic Wign Bean

Asparagus Yardlong Classic Wign BeanThis variety of asparagus beans, in the photo, can be called a real classic! Vigorous climbing plants, reaching a height of 3-4 meters, consistently delight gardeners with thin long beans. In some cases, the length of succulent pods is 70–80 cm. Plants are unpretentious, resistant to diseases. Vegetation lasts about 80 days.

Both beans and mature seeds taste good. The dishes are aromatic and healthy, the beans have a light nutty aroma. We recommend trying to grow this amazing variety of beans on your site in order to be able to make sure of its quality..

Tips for growing beans in the country – video

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