A photo with a description of a juicy pear of the Cathedral variety
Before you pear Cathedral, description, photo and care of which, requires more careful study than it seems initially. The year 1990 was marked by the discovery of a new pear variety by scientists S.P. Potapov and S.T.Chizhov. Breeders obtained fruit by crossing seedlings 32-67 (Topic & Forest Beauty) and 72-43 (Duchess Hip & Forest Beauty).
Description of the species
The trees are of medium size with a conical crown. The density of foliage and branches is also average. The branches are straight, growing at the ends. Smooth gray bark. Reddish brown shoots are round and medium in size. Large cone-shaped buds with slight pubescence. The light green leaves vary in size, with an oval shape that is pointed towards the end and serrated along the edging. The surface of the leaf is smooth, glossy with pronounced veins. White petals of flowers are large enough and have a bowl configuration.
Light yellow fruits are small in size and weigh up to 130 grams. Considering the description, photo of the Cathedral pear, we see fruits that are very attractive in appearance. The shape is standard pear-shaped with a slightly bumpy surface. The peel is bright, smooth, tender with barely noticeable subcutaneous punctures. The yellow and pale green color of the surface is sometimes complemented by a slight pink blush. The stalks of medium length are curved and wide. There is no funnel. The saucer is medium in width and quite small. The brown, egg-shaped seeds are found in small, closed seed chambers. Juicy, white pulp, loose in structure, has a sweet and sour taste. On a 5-point assessment of taste, the variety received 4 points, and in appearance – 4.3 points. The chemical composition of the fruits in question contains up to 8.5% of sugars, up to 16.0% of dry matter and 0.3% of acids..
Disadvantages and advantages
An appetizing cathedral pear, the photo of which is proof of this, has not only advantages, but also some flaws. The advantages include the following qualities:
- not prone to scab;
- resistance to low temperatures;
- early maturity;
- rich harvests;
- annual fruiting.
- small fruit;
- perishable fruits.
The small size of the fruit in some cases is not a disadvantage, for example, in the field of canning compotes for the winter, miniature pears look aesthetically pleasing in jars.
Pear Cathedral, planting and caring for which is not complicated and a little painstaking, is liked by many gardeners. When planting Cathedral, you need to choose a flat and dry surface on your site. The density of the soil should be as high as possible so that it can retain all the moisture it receives for as long as possible. The most suitable soil for such a tree should contain a lot of nutrients, black soil or ash. The pear is usually planted in late spring or early autumn. The garden trees tolerate the winter period well.
Pear trees of the Kafedralnaya variety should not be planted in the shade and in hollows..
- Dig holes 60 cm deep, 100-150 cm wide. The width depends on the soil. With ordinary soil, the width is minimal, while the sandy one requires increasing it to 150 cm. After preparing the pit, you need to wait several days so that the seedling does not settle after planting. The distance between the pits is better to take 3 meters..
- Start planting in a few days. Place the future tree vertically to the ground and cover it with earth, pounding. A fragile tree trunk needs to be pegged up. If necessary, place a stake next to the barrel.
- Attach the trunk to the pre-prepared peg / stakes and sprinkle with water.
Studying the features of the cathedral pear, its description and photo, it is also necessary to take into account that the middle-summer variety begins to ripen in the 2nd half of August, and the tree does not bear fruit for long. In addition, it has an average degree of transportability. Therefore, this fruit is excellent for processing and storing it as dried fruits, compotes. Regardless of its early maturity, the pear tree yields consistently and every year, which is 85 c / ha.
Caring for a pear is a little painful. The soil is fertilized twice a year. The first time with nitrogen means in September, the second – with humus or peat before frost. Do not forget about weeding near the tree. Getting rid of weeds and other vegetation allows the pear to absorb all the necessary moisture and nutrients. This is especially important for a young tree..
Pollinators for the cathedral pear have a certain value, although it itself is quite fertile. Varieties Chizhovskaya, Rogneda, Lada, Detskaya with cross-pollination do an excellent job with their purpose.
Branch pruning should be done in April. Better yet, be guided by the weather and the onset of warmth, until the sap flow has begun. Removal of unnecessary branches is done “under the ring”, stumps should not be left.
The table variety of pear is unpretentious in care, resistant to frost and diseases. Do not be lazy and plant a cathedral tree to delight yourself with sweet and healthy fruits for many years.