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Pear – varieties for growing in the country and not only

pear varieties A unique rich aroma, juicy and crunchy or melting in the mouth pulp … These are all pears, the varieties of which are so diverse that they will satisfy even the most demanding gardeners. If you want to feast on the first fruits – plant summer pears. To prepare jam and compotes, purchase several autumn types. And in order to have a vitamin supply in your pantry until the next season, grow late varieties. It is even easier with taste, because each variety is special. At the same time, all fruits retain their individual smell and taste. It’s just that some of the pulp is denser and sweeter, while others have a slight sourness and soft structure..

All varieties of pears are divided into 3 groups, depending on the timing of fruit ripening:

  • summer;
  • autumn;
  • winter.

Each species has not only its own fruiting time, but also the storage time of the crop. Taste characteristics are also different.

Pear – summer ripening varieties

summer ripening pear The peculiarity of summer varieties is that they ripen very first, starting in July. Such pears are grown mainly for consumption or for conservation. But the early first fruits cannot be stored for a long time, only a couple of weeks, and even then in a cold place. The short growing season allows the cultivation of summer species in temperate climates and even in northern regions. But their seedlings are more expensive than the planting material of later crops..

Most summer pears have good immunity to diseases and pests. In addition, dry, sunny weather does not give a chance to develop various fungi. They are also drought tolerant and high-yielding, but they love feeding..

Summer pear varieties, in turn, are also divided into 3 subgroups:

  • early;
  • medium;
  • late.

Early summer pears

pear varieties early summerThe first summer fruits ripen in July, and you can try some types already at the beginning of the month. Pears can not only be eaten, but also dried, dried, canned. They are very tasty and sweet, but they do not last longer than 3-4 weeks..

The following varieties will delight with the first harvest:

  1. Bashkir summer. Ripens at the 10th of July, but enters fruiting late, at the 6th year of life. Fruits are small, round, weighing about 100 g. The pulp is fine-grained, loose, but juicy. The taste is spicy, sweet, with a slight sourness. The skin is rough and yellow. Stored for no longer than 2 weeks. The variety is resistant to disease and frost.grade Bashkir summer
  2. Early Sergeeva. The crop can be removed in the first decade of July. Fruits are medium, elongated, with oily and juicy white flesh. The taste is sweet and sour. Lemon peel with a raspberry blush on the sun-exposed side. Pears can be stored for up to 10 days. The variety is resistant to frost and drought, but sometimes it is affected by scab..grade Early Sergeeva
  3. Children’s. Ripens in mid-July, the fruits are small, weighing no more than 80 g. Represents the sweetest varieties of pears. The pulp is juicy, creamy. The skin is dense, with tubercles, yellow with an orange blush. Pears can be stored for up to 4 weeks. The variety is resistant to diseases, but winter hardiness is at an average level..grade Children's

Summer pears of medium ripening

medium-ripening summer pearsSuch species are distinguished by high yields. Their fruits ripen in August, starting from the first days, depending on the specific species. The shelf life of pears is also not very long. Although individual varieties can lay up to 4 weeks.

Resistant pear varieties for the Nizhny Novgorod region and other regions of the middle lane:

  1. Clapp’s favorite. Fruits are ready to be harvested already in the last days of July (in the beginning of August – in a cool climate). They are of a beautiful yellow-green color with a large red blush. Under the thin skin is juicy white flesh. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness (-30 ° C) and drought resistance. But the first time it bears fruit only at the 8th year of life. Pears are stored for up to 10 days without losing their qualities. Then they become soft and tasteless.variety Favorite Klappa
  2. Cathedral. A fast-growing, frost-resistant variety, yields a harvest already 3 years after planting. Fruits are medium, weighing no more than 140 g, with a bumpy surface. The skin is soft and shiny. The pulp is also melting, buttery, sweet and sour taste and white. Pears are mostly green, after full ripening they turn a little yellow, and a blurry red blush appears. Stored for no more than 2 weeks. The tree is immune to scab and highly resistant to other diseases..pear variety Cathedral
  3. Siberian. Fruits ripen in early September, small, green-yellow in color. The taste is mediocre: the pulp is creamy, juicy, sour and slightly tart. The variety has high winter hardiness and early maturity (bears fruit for 4 years). Pears have a technical purpose, they can be stored for up to 2 weeks..Sibiryachka grade

The best late summer pear varieties

pear varieties late summerThe last summer varieties ripen in early autumn. They are generally more productive and unpretentious, in addition, most species can be stored for up to a month or longer..

Pears can rightfully be considered the most delicious late summer varieties:

  1. Chizhovskaya. Fruits are sweet, slightly sour, medium-sized (up to 120 g). Ripen in early September. The pulp is juicy, firm and white. The skin is yellow-green in color. The variety is frost-resistant, but does not tolerate a lack of moisture. Differs in a long, as for summer species, shelf life – up to 4 months.grade Chizhovskaya
  2. Rogneda. The fruits can be removed in early autumn. Moreover, it is important not to overexpose them on the branches so that they do not crumble. Pears weighing about 150 g, sweet and sour, with a nutmeg note. The skin is yellow with a red blush. The pulp is of the same color, juicy. The variety is early ripening, fruitful, withstands frosts down to -22 ° C, and is resistant to scab. Pears can lay up to 3 months.Rogneda variety
  3. Bryansk beauty. The variety is distinguished by quick fruiting – it gives the first fruits already for 3 years. Pears are large, up to 250 g, with a dense green skin, which turns red when ripe. The pulp is beige, fragrant and juicy, sweet. The crop ripens in mid-September, stored for up to 2 months in a cool place.grade Bryansk beauty

Pear – summer varieties

pear varieties autumnIf everyone eats summer pears with pleasure, then the autumn species can already be taken to the pantry for storage. Most varieties are able to lie until spring without losing their taste. Fruits harvested in autumn are versatile. They can be eaten, canned, dried, dried. Pears begin to ripen from the end of September, the last fruits are removed in mid-October.

It is better to harvest the autumn harvest a little earlier, when it reaches technical maturity. After laying for a couple of weeks, the fruits will pick up the desired sugar content and juiciness..

Best autumn pears:

  1. Bere Luke. The variety of French selection will delight you with medium greenish fruits of an asymmetric shape with a pleasant blush on the side. They ripen closer to mid-September. A characteristic feature of all Bere is a tasty, oily and juicy pulp with very little acid. The variety is fast-growing, yields a harvest already for 3 years of life. It is immune to scab and has good winter hardiness. Fruits are stored for up to 2 months.Bere Luka variety
  2. Red-sided. Late autumn and very winter hardy variety of the dining group. The crop is harvested half-ripe at the end of September, otherwise ripe pears crumble. Fruits are fragrant, juicy, with a tart note, can be stored for up to 3 months. Painted yellow with a raspberry blush.grade Krasnobokaya
  3. Talgar beauty. The zest of the variety is interesting fruits that have an elongated one-sided shape. The average weight is 170 g, but pears are also larger. They have a shiny smooth skin, not very thick, yellow in color. Moreover, most of it is covered with a dark pink blush. The pulp is creamy, grainy, juicy and sweet. The harvest ripens in September. The disadvantage of the variety is that it is self-fertile, requires pollinators.grade Talgar beauty

The varietal line of the French selection Bere also has compact undersized species. These are yellow pears Bere Ardanpon with a height of no more than 3 m. And also golden to a point the fruits of Bere Gardi, which grows to a maximum of 3 m in height.

Pear – winter varieties

pear varieties winterPerhaps the main advantage of late pears is their long shelf life, up to 6 months. As a rule, most winter species have increased frost resistance. They retire late and have less time to prepare for it. But their fruits have a special taste, which is revealed gradually. Fruits become sweeter and more aromatic during storage..

Late pears are picked half-ripe. They are usually not eaten immediately because the flesh is hard and unsweetened..

Pears are popular among winter varieties:

  1. May Day. Green fruits with a pink blush turn slightly yellow during storage. Moreover, they can lie for up to 250 days. The pulp becomes juicy, aromatic, with a slight sourness and tart aftertaste. The crop is harvested in the second half of September. The variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and disease resistance..grade Pervomayskaya
  2. January. A fast growing variety, resistant to frost and scab. The fruits ripen at the end of September, are green-yellow in color and medium in size. Subcutaneous points are visible on the rough matte skin. The pulp is light green, sweet, juicy. Pears can lie for 150 days.grade Yanvarskaya
  3. Maria. Late variety of Ukrainian selection for the southern regions. Despite the declared frost resistance at -30 ° C, it is not recommended to plant in cool climates. The fruits simply do not have time to fill up enough. In the south, pears ripen in October and can lie in a cool room until the end of spring. They are large, on average about 300 g in weight, at first they are green-yellow, then completely yellow. Ripe flesh with a delicate texture, creamy, sweet and sour.grade Maria

Do not confuse the variety Maria with the pears Maria Bere and Prosto Maria. These are three different varieties.

Pear – winter-hardy varieties

winter-hardy pear varietiesIn regions with a cold climate, special attention is paid to the selection of frost-resistant pear seedlings. After all, if the shoots or flower buds freeze out, it makes no sense to wait for the harvest. There are persistent varieties among both early and late pears. This allows you to grow crops even in regions such as the middle lane and Siberia..

So, pears are highly resistant to frost:

  1. Large-fruited Susova. One of the late autumn varieties, ripening in September. A small tree will surprise you with large fruits weighing up to 250 g. Pears are sweet and sour, round in shape, with a juicy white pulp of a dense structure. The skin is also dense, yellow-green with a blurred blush. The fruits are stored until the end of winter..large-fruited variety Susova
  2. Thin line. An ancient early summer variety of small pears, the leader in winter hardiness – capable of surviving frosts down to -60 ° C. The disadvantages include the mediocre taste of the fruit. They have a tough and dry beige flesh, sour and tart. The pears themselves are amber in color, and they quickly crumble from the branches.grade Tonkovotka
  3. Talitsa. The earliest summer self-fertile variety. Gives the first harvest in mid-August for 5 years of life. A characteristic feature is high resistance to frost (up to -38 ° C) and spring frosts. This is the best variety for the Urals, where frosts can be even in early summer. The pears are small, weighing up to 110 g, colored light yellow. Large dots are visible on the rough skin. The creamy pulp is juicy, aromatic, with a pleasant sourness. Fruits are stored for no more than 10 days.grade Talitsa

Pear Talitsa is also known as Skorospelka Sverdlovsk.

Pear – large-fruited varieties

pear varieties large-fruited

Separately, it is worth paying attention to the species, the harvest of which will delight not only the taste, but also the size of the fruits:

  • Ilyinka with light green sweet pears weighing up to 300 g;grade Ilyinka
  • Bere Dil with golden yellow pears up to 0.5 kg;Bere Dil variety
  • Large with aromatic pears weighing up to 200 g.variety Big

This is far from a complete description of pear varieties, but only some of its most famous types. When deciding which one to plant in the garden, do not forget to take into account not only varietal characteristics, but also your climate. And then you will not have problems with an annual and high harvest..

Video about pear varieties

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