Fascinating planting and care of wrinkled rose hips
Correct planting and care of wrinkled rose hips is the key to a beautiful and healthy plant. Adhering to the basic recommendations, the flower will delight all passers-by with its extraordinary buds for many months.
Rosehip wrinkled: description of the plant
The plant belongs to the famous genus Shipovnikovs. In nature, the flower grows in Korea, Japan, China and the Far East. Prefers meadows, sandy and pebbly coasts.
Rosehip rose grows as a sprawling bush. With proper care, it can grow up to 2.5 m in height. Leaves are medium in size. Their length ranges from 22 cm long. They are all wrinkled with an attractive greenish-gray fringe below and a shiny top..
All branches are abundantly covered with curved reddish thorns. Flowers of different sizes. Their diameter ranges from 6 to 12 cm. Depending on the variety, they can be either simple or terry. The buds bloom in June.
With proper care, a rose can bloom twice a year..
Popular varieties of wrinkled rosehip:
- F.Y. Prootendors. The rose is distinguished by small double flowers. In diameter, they do not exceed 4 cm, with a reddish-crimson hue. When opened, the buds exude a pleasant aroma.
- Pink Grootendors. The most beautiful variety. Such a bush grows up to 1.5 m tall. Leaves are light green in color, wrinkled. Flowers from 3 to 4 cm in diameter, densely double, similar to small carnations. Painted in a deep pink shade. Flowering is very long and abundant..
- Abelzieds. The variety differs in cupped, semi-double flowers. They are small, about 5 cm in diameter, light pink in color..
- Agnes. The buds are large, 8 cm in diameter. They are painted creamy yellow. During flowering, they exude a rich, pleasant aroma.
- Georges Ken. The variety is distinguished by large, semi-double flowers. They all have a deep red tint..
Equally popular is the Konrad Ferdinand Meyer variety. This plant has silvery pink flowers. The rose is distinguished by long and repeated flowering, which can be observed closer to autumn..
Planting and caring for wrinkled rose hips, reproduction
Despite the fact that the plant is not whimsical to care for, some rules still need to be followed. This is the only way to achieve the desired result in a short time..
Rose planting rules
The site should be chosen only one that is well lit by the sun. Plains and southern slopes are excellent options. The soil must be nutritious and water permeable. Therefore, before planting, it is recommended to fertilize the soil with a small amount of organic mixtures..
Rose hips are planted in the spring. But if buds began to bloom on the shoots, then the procedure is postponed until autumn.
The distance between the seedlings should be within 1.5 m.If you plan to make a hedge from the rosehip, then the gaps must be reduced to 1 m.
Planting the plant is carried out in pre-prepared holes. The dimples should be medium in size. Dig them about 20 cm deep. After planting, all specimens are watered and mulched abundantly. For this, peat or wood chips are used..
Reproduction of wrinkled rose
There are several ways to grow a new plant on your site. All of them are effective if you follow all the recommendations..
Root shoots. Planting material is harvested in the spring. To do this, scoops from 30 to 40 cm in length are dug up and transplanted to a permanent place. You can also not dig it out, but only spud it with a layer of humus (20-25 cm). After several days of abundant watering, it will be possible to observe the adventitious roots. Pruning planting material in the fall with the aerial part.
Cuttings. This is the most popular method used by many gardeners. Procurement of material is carried out in the last week of June. It is at this time that the growth rate decreases.
When cutting off cuttings, it is necessary to ensure that there are at least three nodes on each copy. After separation, the twigs are recommended to be treated with a growth stimulant. The solution is prepared from 1 liter of pure water and 200-300 g of “Heteroauxime”. Withstand the planting material in the prepared liquid for 24 hours.
After a day, the cuttings must be moved to a substrate of sand and peat. The twigs are placed to a depth of about 15 cm. For fast and high-quality rooting, the container will need to be covered with foil. After 10-14 days, the seedlings can be transplanted to a permanent place..
Proper care for a wrinkled rose
Even the most unpretentious plant needs caring hands and the attention of a gardener when planting in a summer cottage.
Cuttings and young specimens require abundant watering. Adults irrigate 3-4 times throughout the summer. Up to 10 liters of clean water is poured under each bush. If the rose blooms profusely and the weather is dry outside, then the number of procedures is increased.
If you plant it correctly, then you do not need to feed the bush for the first two years. Then, in the spring, urea is added (20 g of the mixture per 1 m2). In autumn, the soil is fertilized with organic matter or minerals. At the age of 6, you should not be afraid that the plant will dry out, since the root system of roses at this time reaches 2.5 m deep.
So that the bush does not grow much, it is recommended to fence the site with pieces of slate or iron, digging them to a depth of 50 cm.
How to prune a rose correctly
In order for the rosehip bush not only to have an attractive appearance, but also to bloom profusely, it is necessary to systematically prune it.
The first procedure is carried out only 3 years after planting. To do this, remove all the branches and leave the 15 strongest ones. First of all, root suckers and those shoots that lie on the soil surface are cut off. All others are shortened in such a way that no more than 18 cm remains of them..
The branches that appear on the stumps are also cut off. They are shortened by 1/5. This will help to form not only a beautiful bush, but also give abundant fruiting..
A similar procedure is carried out in the spring. All broken and deformed branches are removed during the summer. For this, only a sharp instrument is used. It can be either a pruner or a sharp knife..
Berries should be picked only when they acquire a red-orange hue. Often the fruits ripen in the middle of autumn. You should not hesitate with this procedure, since even minor frosts can harm the berries..
At subzero air temperatures, rose hips lose a large number of their beneficial qualities..
Possible problems when growing rose hips
The wrinkled rose is resistant to most diseases. But despite this, the bush is able to suffer from fungal diseases that appear as a result of improper care..
On the rose hips you can observe:
- powdery mildew;
- gray rot.
As for pests, most often a spider mite, sawfly or leaf roll appears on the leaves. It is not difficult to overcome such pests. The best way is a solution of water and ammonia (40 ml of ammonia for 10 liters of liquid). It is necessary to spray the plant in sunny and calm weather..
If you follow all the recommendations for caring for wrinkled rosehips, then the plant will delight you with a beautiful and abundant flowering. Failure to comply with the planting site, soil preparation can cause many problems, from which the bush will lose its attractiveness.