Instruction of the fungicide Cumulus for the fight against fungal diseases of the garden and vineyard
Cumulus is an effective antifungal agent used in horticulture and horticulture. The instruction of the fungicide Cumulus recommends its use to protect vegetable, fruit and berry and ornamental crops from rust, scab, powdery mildew and other diseases of fungal origin. Due to the high activity of the gas phase, Cumulus can be used for the prevention of fungal infections of healthy plants, and for their treatment at the first manifestations of the disease..
Composition and mechanism of action of the drug Cumulus
The drug Cumulus belongs to the group of fungicides with antifungal properties. Sulfur is used as the main active substance. 100 g of the drug contains 80 g of the active ingredient.
The fungicide Cumulus is available in the form of granules to be dissolved in water. Cumulus is packaged in small plastic bags of 40 g and large bags of 25 kg. It dissolves quickly in water and does not foam.
The main mechanism of action of the fungicide is the effect of sulfur on the vital processes inside fungal organisms. Sulfur acts as a hydrogen acceptor, causing disturbances in the normal processes of dehydrogenation and hydrogenation. The active substance suppresses them, depriving the spores of the ability to reproduce.
Consumption rate and instruction of the fungicide Cumulus
According to the instructions, the fungicide Cumulus is most effective in the treatment and prevention of fungal diseases such as rust, powdery mildew, scab, powdery mildew. Can be used to treat pears, apples, quince, gooseberries and black currants, grapes and roses.
Consumption rate of fungicide depending on the treated crop:
- Pears, quince, apple – for the prevention and treatment of powdery mildew and scab, a solution of 40-80 g per 10 liters of water is used. Processing is carried out 4-6 times throughout the season.
- Gooseberries and black currants – a solution of 30-35 g per 10 liters of water is prepared to prevent and destroy powdery mildew. Spraying should be done twice throughout the season..
- Vineyards – Cumulus is used for the prevention and treatment of plantations against powdery mildew. The consumption rate for the preparation of the working solution is 40-50 g per bucket of water. Spraying should be carried out three times.
- Roses – fungicide protects rose bushes from powdery mildew. The dosage for the solution is 20 g per 10 liters of water. Flowers need to be processed 3-4 times per season.
The dosage of the fungicidal preparation depends on the degree of plant infestation. If Cumulus is used for the prevention of fungal diseases, the solution is prepared with a minimum dosage of 20-30 g..
With extensive fungal infections, the consumption rate of the drug Cumulus is increased to 40-80 g.
Preparation of working solution
The working solution must be prepared immediately before use. It cannot be stored, since after a few hours it loses its fungicidal properties..
Rules for the use of the drug Cumulus:
- For cooking, a tank or a special container for chemical compounds is used. Ordinary plastic containers cannot be used for this purpose. Also, do not prepare the solution in metal containers, as this can lead to chemical reactions..
- First of all, pour the fungicide granules into the tank, add the required amount of water and stir thoroughly. The working solution can be used immediately after it has become completely homogeneous..
- Treatment with the fungicide Cumulus is carried out only during the growing season.
- Most often, the first treatment is recommended after the end of the flowering phase, and all the following – with an interval of 2 weeks..
- It is necessary to monitor the air temperature during spraying – Cumulus exhibits the greatest antifungal activity at temperatures from +16 to + 19 ° С.
The instructions for the fungicide Cumulus indicate the basic rules for effective treatment. It is best to choose a dry, warm and calm day for spraying, as rainfall can reduce the effectiveness of the antifungal agent.
Cumulus begins to actively act within 24 hours after the treatment. The fungicidal effect lasts up to 2-3 weeks, so usually 4-6 treatments are enough to protect the plants for the entire season..
Advantages and disadvantages of the fungicide Cumulus
Cumulus is one of the most effective and common fungicides.
He gained popularity among summer residents and gardeners due to a number of indisputable advantages.:
- high efficiency against pathogens of fungal diseases;
- versatility in the processing of garden, vegetable and ornamental crops;
- safety for fertile soil;
- minimal losses of the drug during processing even in windy weather;
- fast dissolution of granules in water and economical consumption of fungicide;
- affordable cost.
When used correctly according to the instructions, Cumulus has practically no drawbacks. The only negative noted by summer residents is that the drug can have a phytotoxic effect on gooseberry bushes and cause leaves to fall. But this action is rarely seen..
Cumulus belongs to the 3rd degree of toxicity fungicides.
When working with the drug, several safety rules must be observed.:
- Processing must be carried out in special protective or simply closed clothing, using rubber gloves and a respirator.
- Do not smoke, drink or eat food while spraying..
- After spraying, wash your hands, face and all exposed areas of the body with warm water and soap..
- After processing, clothes should be washed and hung to dry in the fresh air..
- The working solution of the fungicide Cumulus must not be stirred in the living area. This can only be done outside..
- The rest of the working solution must be disposed of in accordance with the rules specified in the manufacturer’s instructions..
Cumulus is an effective and fast-acting fungicide that fights against pathogens of fungal diseases. The drug can be used to protect healthy vegetable, fruit and berry and ornamental crops, as well as to treat them after signs of scab, powdery mildew and other fungal diseases appear..