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Columnar apricot – a general characteristic and suitable varieties for the Moscow region

apricot columnar For many years, delicious apricots were grown in Russia only in regions with a warm climate. Thanks to the intensive work of scientists, in modern suburban areas of the Moscow region, you can find the columnar apricot. The fruits of this tree are no different from the usual varieties that are cultivated in the southern regions of Russia. Their juicy pulp, pleasant aroma and standard size evoke a lot of positive emotions. In addition, the tree occupies a small area on the garden plot, which gives the garden an unusual look. What are these cute fruit beauties? Let’s get to know them better.

On the subject: apricot Triumph North variety description, photos, reviews!

Columnar apricot – external features

columnar apricot appearance The name of this fruit plant indicates the unusual shape of the tree, resembling a slender column. Many lateral branches depart from it, the average length of which is about 20 cm. Depending on climatic conditions, a tree can grow up to 3 meters, but this is only in the southern regions. Varieties of columnar apricots for the Moscow region grow up to 2 m in height, but this does not prevent them from abundantly bearing fruit.

apricot blossomsIn the first half of April, pinkish or snow-white inflorescences appear on the plant. And a little later, it is dressed in oval or heart-shaped foliage. Each of them has a pointed tip, which is typical for this type of fruit tree..

fruiting apricot columnarThe columnar apricot bears fruit in the second half of the sultry summer. On the elastic branches, a lot of juicy fruits appear, weighing about 20 g. Some giants reach 100 g. Basically, they are painted in the following colors:

  • yellow;
  • Orange;
  • red-orange.

A bone is “stored” inside the fruit, the core of which is also eaten. Some chefs add it to apricot jam to give it a spicy flavor..

The bud, which is located at the top of the tree, is considered the plant’s most vulnerable spot. If it suffers from frost or dies for some reason, the tree will give vertical shoots. This leads to a violation of the unique integrity of the plant shape..

To stimulate fruiting, gardeners regularly prune the columnar apricot. In early spring or late autumn, they remove old branches, and also shorten young shoots. The maximum length should be no more than 20 cm. pruning columnar treesIf this procedure is not done in time, the tree will lose its original shape. As a result, fruits will form only at the base of the lateral branches. By adhering to this simple rule, you can enjoy an abundance of delicious fruits from an unusual tree every year..

Popular varieties of compact trees

compact treesOn the territory of central Russia, several varieties of columnar apricots are cultivated, which perfectly tolerate cold winters and give good yields..

Therefore, gardeners consider each of them in the light of such criteria:

  • climatic conditions of the area;
  • growing rules;
  • yield;
  • biological features of the tree;
  • reviews of experienced gardeners.

Thaws in winter are the most dangerous for apricot columnar. At this time, the tree begins to wake up, which affects the growth of shoots and swelling of the buds. But with the return of the cold, they all die irrevocably. Therefore, in the Moscow region, summer residents are trying to grow not only frost-resistant varieties, but also those that are able to withstand winter thaws. Some of them even recover from minor injuries. Consider the most suitable options for such fruit trees.

“Prince Mart”

grade Prince MartIn some nurseries, the tree is simply called “Prince”, but this does not affect its performance. Apricot is valued for its high and stable yield in the Moscow region, the Ural region and even Siberia. This fruit tree can withstand 30 degrees of frost for a long period and continue to bear fruit abundantly..

Apricot columnar “Prince Mart” is a self-fertile plant. Its flowering begins very early, when the pollinating insects are not yet particularly active. The fruits have a bright orange color and a delicate velvety surface. On the side facing the sun, a pinkish or crimson hue appears in the form of small specks.harvest of apricot columnar The round shape of the fruit is slightly elongated, but this does not violate its external symmetry. The maximum weight of apricots is approximately 60 grams. Juicy and aromatic, bright yellow pulp has a sweet taste with subtle hints of acid.

Since the pulp separates from the stone wonderfully, such apricots are often used for canning and making various types of jams. After heat treatment, the fruits retain the integrity and brightness of the original color..

The peculiarity of the variety is that apricots ripen almost simultaneously at the beginning of August, and during hot summer, at the end of July. The first fruits appear as early as 3 years after the tree is planted in a permanent place. Collecting them is quite simple, since the plant has a compact appearance and an accessible height of 2 meters.

“Star”

grade StarAnother name for the variety is “Zoryany”. Its main feature is resistance to various diseases and high frost resistance. It perfectly tolerates air temperatures below 30 degrees, so it wonderfully takes root in the Moscow region. The maximum weight of one fruit can reach 100 grams, which is especially popular with gardeners..

Fruiting of the columnar apricot “Zvezdny” begins 2 years after planting in the suburban area. The first inflorescences appear on it in early May, so the ovaries are not afraid of spring frosts. In mid-August, the tree bears bright yellow fruit with a cute “blush” on the sunny side.juicy fruits Under the delicate skin is “hidden” golden pulp, which is not very juicy, but surprisingly fragrant. On average, about 10 kg of fruit are harvested from one adult tree..

Apricots of this variety are ideal for harvesting dried fruits for the winter..

The tree grows no more than 2 meters, which allows you to safely harvest. It does not require special care, except for timely pruning, feeding, as well as regular moisture..

Video about pruning columnar trees

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