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Features of growing and caring for celery in the open field

celery in the garden This vitamin greens have long been known and loved by gardeners for their excellent taste and medicinal properties. Growing celery and caring for it in the open field will not be difficult, even for beginners, if you follow the simple rules of agricultural technology. But in return, you can get tops, and roots, and even petioles! True, for this you have to plant celery of all three types..

General information about celery

types of celery Celery varieties are divided into three varieties – leaf, petiole and root. In the conditions of the middle lane, all species can be planted in seedlings, since this culture has a long growing season. In practice, only the last two are grown in this way, and the leaf is sown directly into the ground in early spring or before winter..

Growing celery outdoors requires early soil preparation. Beds for all types are prepared in the fall:

  • make phosphorus and potash fertilizers;
  • add well-rotted manure or compost;
  • add ash or dolomite flour for acidic soil;
  • dug with a pitchfork, removing the roots of weeds;
  • form the beds.

For planting celery in the ground, open sunny places are chosen. The recommended doses of mineral fertilizers are indicated on the packaging, organic matter is needed for plants on average a bucket per square meter, and the amount of dolomite flour can be calculated based on the level of soil acidity on the site. 350-450 g per square meter are added to a weakly acidic one, twice as much is needed for an acidic one. If the soil is alkaline, you can get by with the introduction of 100-150 g to saturate it with calcium and magnesium..

Growing celery and caring for it in the open field requires frequent watering and regular fertilizing with liquid organic fertilizers – mullein or nettle infusion.

With a lack of water, the leaves and petioles will be coarse and fibrous, and the root crop will not reach the desired size.

When to sow seeds

celery seedlingsPetiole and root types of celery are sown for seedlings in February or March. Late-ripening varieties should be sown earlier. Before planting, it is advisable to keep the seeds in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, rinse and remove for 10-12 days on the lower shelf of the refrigerator, wrapped in a damp cloth. Thus, celery seeds undergo stratification and subsequently sprout faster and more amicably..

Timing of planting in the ground

it's time to plant in the gardenWhen to plant celery in open ground – the weather will tell you. By the time the seedlings are planted, the soil should warm up to +8 degrees. In the middle lane, this usually occurs in mid-May. Seedlings by this time should have several strong leaves, a developed root system and be hardened. To do this, she is regularly taken out to the balcony or street during the day..

Features of agricultural technology

celery careCelery is planted in the ground in rows. The optimal distance between them is at least 50-60 cm, and between plants – 25 cm.

Plants planted in thicker areas will not receive additional nutrients and light. After planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly with water..

In the future, for good growth and development, celery is regularly watered, removed weeds and loosened.

stalked celery in the open fieldGrowing stalked celery in the open field has some peculiarities. Starting from the middle of the season, the bushes slightly spud, and at the end of summer, when the petioles have almost reached their presentation, they can be spud harder and wrapped in light paper.stalked celery care These procedures are carried out in order to obtain bleached stems – they are softer and juicier than unbleached stems..

Growing root celery in the open field also has subtleties, without knowing which it is difficult to get an even and large root crop. Seedlings must be planted on the ridges without deepening.root celery bed After the plant begins to form a root crop, it is necessary to regularly tear off the outer leaves, carefully trim the side roots and make sure that there are only a few thick lower roots in the ground. The soil is regularly raked and loosened from the roots. Otherwise, there is a great risk of getting a root brush instead of a rounded root crop. A few well-developed young leaves and the lowest roots are sufficient for normal growth of root celery..

When removing excess leaves and roots from root celery, one should not forget about regular feeding with organic fertilizers. Then the plant will form a large root crop..

When the celery is harvested

stalked celery cropHarvesting of leaf celery begins as soon as the first greens grow. During the summer period, it is cut off several times. After cutting, the plant is watered and fed.

root celery cropThe petiole and root species are harvested selectively, as individual bushes mature. You need to finish it before the onset of autumn frosts, that is, until mid-October.

If you follow these simple recommendations, growing and caring for celery outdoors will be easy and will result in a tasty and vitamin-rich harvest..

Root celery growing video

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