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Landscaping for a garden with your own hands. TOP 9 styles you need to know about + 185 PHOTOS

Landscaping for the garden

Garden design always starts with styling. Let’s consider why this is so important. About all the nuances and tricks that you definitely need to know about, in more detail later in the article.

Content:

TOP 9 best garden design styles

Decide on the style first

Decide on the style first

Wanting to transform an old garden or equip a new one, we pick up a pencil, paper, and draw a sketch of the future project. But you don’t have to start with this at all. Long before your pencil touches the paper, you need to define the style.

Style determines everything

Style determines everything

Style is a collection of elements that form its holistic image.. Style determines everything, from the planning solution of the site, to the selection of plants and decor. A garden is not clothing – it can be used for decades, which means that enough attention should be paid to its stylization. The first thing you can do is learn more about existing design directions..

French

Strict geometry and symmetry of all elements and structures

Strict geometry and symmetry of all elements and structures

The named style is also called “classic” or “geometric”. It originated in the era of the French king Louis XIV. The famous gardens of Versailles are the main source of inspiration for fans of this trend.

This style is dominated by plants that lend themselves to shearing and retain their shape for a long time.

This style is dominated by plants that lend themselves to shearing and retain their shape for a long time.

Classic French is characterized by the following features:

  • strict geometry and symmetry of all elements, structures;
  • pronounced composition axis;
  • a clear plan with strict lines;
  • ornamental flower garden;
  • the predominance of plants that can be cut and retain their shape for a long time (used to create topiary figures).

A clear plan with strict lines

A clear plan with strict lines

A garden fully matured in French is not so common. Nevertheless, the use of its individual elements or design in a classic certain area is very popular..

The use of individual elements or design in a classic style is very popular

The use of individual elements or design in a classic style is very popular

For example, you can use such a sophisticated geometric element as a labyrinth. Even in a small area, it is possible to arrange a fragment of tangled paths with the help of a trimmed shrub curb or lawn.

Even in a small area, it is possible to arrange a fragment of tangled paths similar to a labyrinth

Even in a small area, it is possible to arrange a fragment of tangled paths similar to a labyrinth

English

In English or landscape, the unity of man with nature plays a key role. Therefore, it is always the closest to the natural landscape..

This direction arose as a counterbalance to the French. Its first masters drew inspiration from the canvases of famous painters, namely Claude Lorrain, Nicolas Poussin. Landscape is distinguished by:

In the English style, the basis is the solitude of man with nature

In the English style, the basis is the solitude of man with nature

  • imitation of natural landscapes;
  • randomness of decorative elements;
  • plant hierarchy based on planting principle;
  • lack of straightness and symmetry.

English is considered one of the least expensive. This is due to the fact that minimal changes are made to the existing landscape..

English style is considered one of the least expensive

English style is considered one of the least expensive

If you chose English, decorate it with a rock garden. This is a structure of stones, which is close to the mountainous terrain, usually perennial plants, common in the highlands, are grown on it..

Decorate your garden with a rock garden

Decorate your garden with a rock garden

Oriental

In such a garden, everything is conducive to languor, bliss. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which were included in the list of 7 wonders of the world of antiquity, were made precisely in the east. They have not survived to our time, but we have the gardens of the Alhambra in Spain, which the described direction is also called “Moorish”.

Moorish style

Moorish style

Among the characteristic features of the eastern one, it is worth highlighting:

  • body of water (pond, fountain or channel) – the center of the composition;
  • geometric correctness of the layout;
  • decorative paving made of multi-colored tiles or stone;
  • covered galleries, arches entwined with plants;
  • a rose garden, the elements of which are selected according to color, aroma;
  • patio.

The body of water as the center of the composition

The body of water as the center of the composition

The patio deserves attention. It is important that it is closed, opaque. You can create a space inaccessible to prying eyes with the help of densely planted tall shrubs and trees.

Patio - closed and opaque

Patio

Mediterranean

Mediterranean is a mix of Roman, ancient Greek and modern traditions. It imitates the atmosphere of southern cities with their small streets, fragrant plants, cozy terraces. The design of the Mediterranean encourages you to forget about the hustle and bustle, devote time to relaxation.

The Mediterranean garden is a mix of Roman, ancient Greek and modern traditions

The Mediterranean garden is a mix of Roman, ancient Greek and modern traditions

The main distinguishing features of the Mediterranean:

  • soft colors (yellow, blue, orange, red);
  • paths of sand, pebbles, terracotta;
  • terracotta ceramics, culture;
  • clearly marked seating area (most often a terrace with garden furniture).

Terracotta pottery and sculpture are characteristic of this style.

Terracotta pottery and sculpture are characteristic of this style.

In the Mediterranean, water plays an important role. So, you should think about an artificial pond, pool, fountain or cascade. It is the murmur of water that immerses you in the atmosphere of the Mediterranean.

Many plants, typical for the Mediterranean, do not adapt well to temperate latitudes. The easiest way out is to keep exotic plants indoors during the cold season. In addition, you can buy spirea, barberry, privet that perfectly tolerate a temperate climate..

Consider an artificial pond, pool, fountain or cascade

Consider an artificial pond, pool, fountain or cascade

Dutch

The Dutch seems to be something like a flower bed, dotted with multi-colored tulips. In fact, it is a vibrant style full of individual elements. It has the following characteristics:

In the Dutch style, contrasting bright colors are widely used.

In the Dutch style, contrasting bright colors are widely used.

  • modest size;
  • contrasting bright colors;
  • extensive use of bulbous plants (tulips, hyacinths, crocuses, daffodils);
  • paths of the correct geometric shape;
  • well-groomed lawn;
  • no tall trees.

Flowers play a huge role

Flowers play a huge role

Flowers play the first violin in Dutch, which does not exclude the use of low-growing evergreens, such as juniper or dwarf thuja. The main thing is that the trees do not overshadow, but complement the beauty of flowers.. Dutch is ideal for owners of small plots.

VIDEO: Japanese Garden

Modern garden

Modern – option for supporters of minimalism. The garden in Art Nouveau is linked by an ornamental rhythm, subordinated to a single symbolic concept. Plant compositions are used to decorate the building, and the lines of the facade are repeated.

Simplicity of lines

Simplicity of lines

Peculiarities:

  • simplicity of lines;
  • lack of a large number of plants and additional details;
  • geometric layout;
  • repeatability of motives;
  • large amount of free space.

Large amount of free space

Large amount of free space

There are not many plants, nevertheless, they must be carefully selected and placed thoughtfully. If we talk about trees, then it is better to choose the owners of a non-standard crown or a peculiar color of the leaves. As for flowers, white lily, phlox, red mallow, roses, daffodils and peonies are welcome..

Geometric layout

Geometric layout

Colonial

This style was invented by American colonists. British restraint, American emancipation are intertwined in him.

Small architectural forms are actively used in this style.

Small architectural forms are actively used in this style.

The colonial style is characterized by the following features:

  • compositional negligence;
  • use of exclusively natural materials for paving;
  • active use of small architectural forms (arches, verandas, arcades, gazebos, benches);
  • love for wood and stone sculptures depicting animals;
  • plants planted in terracotta tubs.

The style is characterized by compositional negligence

The style is characterized by compositional negligence

In the period of their origin, the colonist gardens were of great practical importance. An echo of that time was that flowers can grow along with medicinal herbs. In addition, the colonial admits the presence of a small vegetable garden, fenced off by a picket fence.

Colonist gardens were of great practical importance

Colonist gardens were of great practical importance

Fantasy

This is for lovers of secrets, legends and fairy tales. The fantasy style successfully uses what other directions consider a disadvantage, from the unevenness of the site, to the remnants of an old building. The key elements of fantasy are:

Garden of lovers of secrets, legends and fairy tales

Garden of lovers of secrets, legends and fairy tales

  • winding paths;
  • compositions from stones;
  • decorative grottoes;
  • hidden areas;
  • fragments of ancient ruins;
  • vertical gardening.

In fantasy style, winding paths are used

In fantasy style, winding paths are used

When choosing fantasy, remember that it should be in harmony with the house. The integrity of the composition will be emphasized by the basement of the house, decorated with stone. You can get ideas for decor from films, as well as books in the style of the same name..

Hobbits may be living here

Maybe hobbits live here

As for landscaping, the most common types of loess trees, shrubs of an unusual shape are suitable. Add fabulousness with a hedge of hops or a climbing rose. Fern worth seeing.

And these ruins harbor legends

And these ruins harbor legends

Japanese

This style is a whole philosophy based on the contemplation and feeling of beauty.. The Japanese garden is a combination of 5 components: ideas, water, stones, plants, architectural elements. This is a place for admiring nature, deep thoughts, tea ceremonies.

This is a place for admiring nature, deep contemplation and tea ceremonies

This is a place for admiring nature, deep contemplation and tea ceremonies

Japanese can be recognized by the following features:

  • connection of dynamic and static parts;
  • lack of straight lines and symmetry;
  • the use of elements of Japanese culture;
  • the presence of a small waterfall, an irregularly shaped reservoir or a running stream;
  • discreet decor.

The presence of a reservoir

The presence of a reservoir

Japanese stands out for its special attitude to stone, which the Japanese consider the highest creation of nature. Stones are selected according to their texture, shape and color. It is important that they fit organically into the landscape..

The Japanese consider the stone to be the highest creation of nature.

The Japanese consider the stone to be the highest creation of nature.

As for flora, it is difficult to imagine Japanese without sakura, pine, lotus, Japanese maple, barberry bushes, tsubuki (Japanese camellia). The Japanese associate the listed plants with certain artistic images. For example, sakura flowers represent purity, firmness, all because they never wither on a tree, even when lying on the ground, they remain fresh for a long time.

Sakura flowers represent purity and stamina

Sakura flowers represent purity and stamina

Japanese is mentioned by the latter for a reason. Using his example, I want to show how you can stylize a garden in the most ordinary summer cottage..

VIDEO: Garden Landscaping

Creating a Japanese garden: step by step instructions

Creating a Japanese garden is an incredibly exciting process. But the complexity of the work ahead can extinguish any fuse. The step-by-step instructions presented below will help to bring the matter to its logical end..

Step 1. Layout

It’s worth starting with an assessment of the characteristics of the site that you have. Planning is impossible without taking into account the features of the relief. Then you need to draw up a rough plan, think over individual elements.

Come up with all the details perfectly

Come up with all the details perfectly

Step 2. Selecting stones

It is important to select samples of a uniform color scheme. The easiest option is to place the selected instances in the center of the composition..

Remember not to pile stones on top of each other. It is better to fill the formed voids with sand mixed with fine gravel. The combination of light sand and dark boulders looks most effective..

Don't pile stones on top of each other

Don’t pile stones on top of each other

Step 3. Selection of plants

To create a Japanese garden, you can use conifers, creeping bushes, climbing and ground cover plants. Green plants with small leaves, discreet flowers are perfect. Dwarf plants will also look advantageous..

Green plants with small leaves and discreet flowers are perfect for a Japanese garden.

Green plants with small leaves and discreet flowers are perfect for a Japanese garden.

If we talk about specific examples, then among the trees these are: pine, maple, sakura (you can replace the cherry of the Raksa variety). Barberry can be used as a hedge. Optimal flowers for Japanese are peonies, chrysanthemums and rhododendrons.

Optimal flowers for a Japanese garden - peonies, chrysanthemums and rhododendrons

Optimal flowers for a Japanese garden – peonies, chrysanthemums and rhododendrons

Try to select plants of a uniform shape, then it will look more harmonious. The area dedicated to mosses can add a note of originality.

Step 4. Organization of additional elements

The best addition to a Japanese garden is a tea house. If the creation of such an element is too laborious for you, you can stop at a small garden bridge. It, like most other decor, can be purchased ready-made..

The best addition to a Japanese garden is a tea house

The best addition to a Japanese garden is a tea house

Lighting plays an important role, paying attention to it, you can enjoy the beauty at any time of the day. It is best to purchase special Japanese lanterns, of which there are plenty of varieties..

For lighting, special Japanese lanterns are best suited.

For lighting, special Japanese lanterns are best suited.

PHOTO GALLERY: The most beautiful landscaping designs of gardens

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