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Melon varieties popular among summer residents

Melon in the country garden It is impossible to describe all the variety of thousands of varieties of melons. They are grown everywhere, even in England and the Leningrad region they have their own zoned melon varieties. Of course, in terms of sweetness and taste, they are far from the Turkmen and Uzbek varieties, which are famous in the world and even exported. However, the breeders forced the thermophilic plant to bear fruit wherever there are greenhouses..

How to understand the variety of varieties

Aromatic sweet melon The first feature that made it possible to grow melons was the ripening period:

  • ultra-early ripening, hybrid ripening in less than 60 days;
  • early ripening, ripening in 60-70 days and sugar content. from 8 to 15%;
  • mid-season, ripen in 75-100 days, sugar in them is 14-15%.;
  • autumn-winter, ripen for 95-100 days, very sweet, lard, large;
  • winter, huge, up to 30 kg in weight, sugar up to 16%, but well stored in a cool room;

The shape of the melons is ellipsoidal, spherical and elongated like pins. The top can be smooth, mesh or ribbed. The flesh is crispy, white, yellow or greenish. In some varieties, during storage, the pulp gradually turns yellow from green..

There are several subspecies of melons. It is generally accepted that the fruits grown in Central Asia are the tastiest. But among them, the Uzbek melon is the most popular. This is facilitated by the composition of the soil, and the warm period without frost, ranging from 193 to 273 days a year..

European varieties were obtained later, these are mainly early ripening and ultra early ripening hybrids, mostly obtained using the Cantalupa variety. Currently, European hybrids reach a sugar content of up to 15% with a ripening period of 55 days from the ovary..

Melon varieties loved by summer residents

Before growing a melon in the garden of a summer cottage, you should study the characteristics of the variety, and choose zoned, that is, specially created varieties for your climate. You can’t plant southern varieties you like in the North. Harvest will fail.

Melon GulabaMelon Gulaba is the hallmark of the melon region – the Fergana Valley. This is the famous Charjuy melon. The variety is known in the country as it is suitable for transportation. The average weight of these melons is 3-5 kg. Gulyabi are cultivated in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The variety is late-ripening. The sugar content reaches 15%, the pulp is white, dense fibrous. The large amount of pulp allows this variety of melons to be used to obtain a dried and dried product..

Melon cantaloupeCantaloupe melon or Persian or cantaloupe is named after the Italian city. This is a species of the Asian population, but adapted to other conditions. This species is characterized by small fruits with a ribbed surface. She gave rise to greenhouse European varieties that are more moisture-loving and put up with a lack of light and heat. Cantaloupe pulp is orange, aromatic, slightly tart.

The cantaloupe comes from Persia and was cultivated before our era. For the inhabitants of Persia, she was a symbol of the sun and goodness..

Melon TurkmenMelon Turkmen is a late-ripening variety of Uzbek varieties. It has an average fruit size. Most often it can be seen with a green mesh skin. You need to wait for the full ripeness of this fruit and only then eat. Usually, the berry is brought unripe to the northern regions, and therefore few people manage to taste delicious, sweet, soft slices of this variety. A dark, almost brown crust in the cracks can be a sign of ripeness. It is impossible to forget the aroma and taste of a ripe Turkmen woman.

Pineapple melonPineapple melon or delano has ellipsoidal fruits weighing about 2 kg. In the middle lane, the melon is grown through seedlings and the watering regime is important. If the summer is rainy, the plant should be protected from excess moisture. Fruit may burst.

Aromatic sweet pineapple melonIt takes about 100 days from germination to ripeness. The skin of this variety is thin, the pulp is sweet, aromatic. The plant is vigorous and requires pinching. The keeping quality of ripe fruits is good, transportation is possible.

Israeli variety Galia-DiamantGreen melon is so named for its greenish flesh, which can turn yellow over time. All these varieties are characterized by green or gray-green peel. It can be ribbed or smooth, oval or round. There are such varieties in Japan and Uzbekistan. As an example of a green melon, you can take the Israeli variety “Galia-Diamant”. The fruit is oval, with a mesh-like crust, the flesh is green-white, sweet and aromatic. Tannins and minerals give the melon a slightly astringent flavor. In Uzbekistan there is a variety of green melon called skullcap. The variety grows only in the vicinity of Karshi, resembles both a watermelon and a skullcap from the outside, and the flesh is melon, very pleasant to the taste.

Melon CinderellaCinderella melon is an early maturing variety. The plant is recommended for cultivation in small farms and summer cottages. Early ripening variety. The scourge of the melon is long and requires regulation of growth. The fruit is yellow and smooth with a mesh. Berry weight 1-2 kg. The pulp is about 3 cm, not very sweet, 5-9% sugar, but tasty and aromatic. The fruits are stored for three weeks, used on the spot, since the transportability is low. The plant is resistant to temperature extremes.

Melon LadaMelon Lada is a successful variety of the Astrakhan selection. It is adapted to hot dry climates. But this variety also feels good in greenhouses. An important property is its unpretentiousness. Irregular watering does not lead to cracking of the fruit. Melon aphids, American and downy mildew do not damage the bush. The variety has smooth, round fruits with a net, the weight of which is 2-3 kg. The pulp contains up to 10% sugars, light creamy shade. This variety is loved by many gardeners..

Melon EthiopianRibbed melons are characteristic of cantaloupe. They can be green, yellow. In Ukraine, there is a variety called ribbed melon. In appearance, these melons are more like a pumpkin, they are called “plump”. Ripe ribbed melon is considered the most delicious, aromatic and sweet berry in Ukraine..

Uzbek melons require a special description. More than 100 varieties are cultivated in the region, divided into 6 districts, in each they give preference to their own varieties. The zones in which, according to natural conditions, certain varieties of melons are grown, are divided:

  • Tashkent.
  • Samarkand.
  • Bukhara.
  • Khorezm.
  • Fergana.
  • South.

Late varieties of Uzbek melonsDepending on solar activity, the number of clear days in a year, temperatures, the most adapted varieties are cultivated. High quality products are exported to other countries.

Among the many varieties, torpedo melon is always heard, according to the local Mirzachul, green Basvaldi and others.Torpedo melon varieties

There are varieties that can only be tasted on the spot. The fruits are tender, juicy and not stored. Others reach for the New Year’s table. A fertile climate, suitable soil create conditions ideal for converting the energy of the sun and earth into a healing product, which is mentioned in the Bible. Fruits grown in other climatic conditions are inferior in taste to the melon ripened in Uzbekistan.

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