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Learning to prepare compost in bags for feeding a vegetable garden

compost in bags To increase soil fertility, farmers use various types of fertilizers. Many of them have to be bought from the store or from neighbors, but bagged compost is easy to make with your own hands. The resulting mass contributes to the rapid restoration of the land after harvest. It contains humic acids that protect the topsoil from drying out. In addition, during the growing season, plants receive an abundance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. How to competently prepare a unique top dressing and apply it on your site? Find out what seasoned farmers say.

Making compost in bags with our own hands

ready-made compost in bags For many years, cow dung was considered the best fertilizer for the garden. Unfortunately, in our time, not all summer residents can afford such a luxury. In search of a solution to the problem, farmers have come up with an easy way to get precious feeding.

It turned out that self-made compost in bags has a number of advantages.:

  • fast processing of components;
  • transportability during storage;
  • complete protection from environmental influences;
  • ease of preparation.

placing compost in sturdy bagsTo get quality raw materials, you need to pick up strong bags. Usually, the strength of the polyethylene is indicated on the packages. They should be spacious enough. The maximum volume of the “container” is 250 liters. For small areas, bags with a capacity of about 120 liters are suitable. In this case, the place that is sealed with tape is taken into account..

As you know, aerobic microorganisms are killed by sunlight. Given this moment, black bags are suitable for the case. Otherwise, rotting will begin in the mass, which will spoil all the compost. In addition, it should be remembered that compost is a rather corrosive substance. Over a long period, it is able to destroy an unstable material. Therefore, experienced gardeners choose the most durable bags..

You can use white non-transparent bags intended for the removal of construction waste.

Collecting the necessary components

selection of components for compostingCompetent composting in garbage bags begins with the selection of raw materials. Traditionally, nitrogen and carbon components are used. The rate of chemical reactions and the quality of the resulting mass depend on their ratio..

Nitrogen raw materials make up:

  • mown green grass;cut grass
  • weeds uprooted;weeds with roots
  • tops of beets, carrots without fungal damage;beet tops
  • waste of fresh fruits and vegetables;waste of fruits and vegetables
  • manure of any origin.manure

Carbon material make up:

  • bark of trees and shrubs;
  • sawdust;
  • fallen leaves;fallen leaves
  • lignified plant stems;
  • needles;
  • paper;
  • cardboard.

compost ingredientsOf course, dry components are harvested in advance. The rest in the course of life. For example, when clearing an area of ​​weeds, the plants are dug up by the roots. For business, as a rule, a pitchfork is used. Since it is impossible to pull out deep roots with a shovel.

The most suitable weeds are bindweed and runny. With their powerful root system, they take an abundance of nutrients from the soil..

Competent distribution of raw materials

maturation of compostWhen the components are ready, proceed to the composting of the garbage bags. This is best done where the fertilizer will be stored. Otherwise, during transportation, the material from which the bags are made may be damaged..

Each nitrogen layer must be diluted with carbon components. If you only lay grass, you get a fetid mass, reminiscent of silage..

A carbon layer is placed at the bottom of the bag. Dry foliage creates a soft cushion. It miraculously absorbs the liquid that appears in the process of decomposition of the green mass. In addition, the leaves are carefully compacted to free the layer of oxygen. Next, the cut grass and weeds are distributed.compost bags

Each component is alternated with carbon materials:

  • dry foliage;
  • straw;
  • paper;
  • hay.

The filled bag is carefully pressed with their body, releasing air out. Then sealed with tape.

If the air method is used to make compost, several holes are made in the bags for the vital activity of aerobic microbes..

Additional substances

composting in bagsTo prepare quick compost in black bags, special biodegradants are used. They are a concentrated substance composed of a number of microorganisms. Due to this, the process of decomposition of hydrocarbon, nitrogen and hydrogen sulfide elements is accelerated. Consider the most popular solutions used to create high-quality compost in plastic bags.

The drug Dr. Robik

drug doctor robickThe American drug contains aerobic organisms. It is available in both liquid and powder form. When the fertilizer is laid, each layer is poured or watered with the “Doctor Robik” preparation from series No. 209. Only 60 ml of concentrate is sufficient for 2 m³ of compost. On average, one package is enough for at least three bags.

The same substance is used to clean sewage and cesspools. The resulting waste is used to fertilize vegetable gardens.

Baikal EM-1

drug baikal EM1The biodestructor contains bacteria that recycle nitrogenous substances. In addition, it contains an abundance of yeast and fermented milk fungi. With the help of Baikal EM-1, compost is obtained in just 3 months. However, all components are preliminarily crushed and impregnated with a substance during filling. Enterprising farmers independently prepare substances that speed up the composting process. Consider 2 simple technologies.

Recipe number 1

nettle and chicken droppings

For the case, they take the components:

  • chicken droppings (2 parts);
  • nettle (5 parts);
  • warm water (20 parts).

Substances are combined in a spacious container. Insist for about 12 hours. The prepared solution is carefully added to the compost..

Recipe number 2

sugar and yeast

Would need:

  • water (1 l);
  • granulated sugar (200 g);
  • dry yeast (200 g).

First, sugar is diluted in warm water, and then yeast. The solution is thoroughly mixed, after which it is introduced through a tube into a bag with compost. The resulting mass is used for mulching individual areas..

To increase the nutritional value of the fertilizer, ash, potassium superphosphate and urea are added to it. When winter comes, it is important to properly store manure in bags on the territory of the dacha. It is best to hide them away from frost and precipitation. An insulated barn or a spacious pantry is suitable.

Decent disposal of fallen leaves

disposal of fallen leavesWith the arrival of autumn, summer residents have a new problem. Trees and shrubs are losing their lush green outfit. Not knowing what to do with this good, the owners of country houses simply burn it. Acrid smoke enters the atmosphere, and disgruntled neighbors furiously resent.

Of course, the resulting ash can fertilize the site. However, it lacks nitrogen, which rises into the atmosphere during combustion..

It is much more efficient to prepare compost from tree leaves that contains:

  • phosphorus;
  • calcium;
  • potassium;
  • nitrogen.

In addition, microorganisms multiply in such a fertilizer, which, falling into the soil, produce humic acid. The substance, in turn, stimulates the restoration of the upper fertile layer of the earth.composting ingredients

Compost is prepared according to the traditional scheme:

  • all fallen leaves are raked from the site;
  • sort out the tops of peeled vegetables;
  • prepare the cut grass.

component tabAll components are crushed as thoroughly as possible and stacked in layers in a barrel. A layer of soil, about 20 cm high, is poured onto the bottom. It is impregnated with biodestructors or self-prepared substances. Next, the crushed foliage is folded (about 25 cm) and watered with a biological product. Next comes the nitrogen layer, consisting of soft greenery, up to 10 cm high.Then the earth (5 cm), leaves, soil.

After 3 days, the components are thoroughly mixed with a shovel. Thanks to this, microorganisms begin to multiply intensively. The procedure is repeated every other day. After 3 weeks, the foliage compost turns brown and smells like fertile soil. It is brought to the surface of the garden, after which it is dug up.

Foliage compost is used as fertilizer for fruit trees and berry bushes.

We have learned in detail how to competently prepare high-quality compost with our own hands. For business, you will need dense bags, biodegradants, nitrogen and carbon components. Following a simple technology, in 3 months a valuable fertilizer for vegetable, berry and fruit crops will appear at the dacha. Let’s hurry to get down to business in order to get bountiful harvests from our summer cottages.

We prepare compost in bags ourselves – video

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