Zilga technical grape variety for cultivation in almost any region
The Zilga grape variety was developed and bred by Baltic breeders in the middle of the last century. As a result of long and painstaking work of scientists, the new grape variety has received resistance to low temperatures, high yield, early ripening and excellent immunity to diseases..
Currently, the technical grape variety is cultivated in all CIS countries, Canada and Europe. How to grow a frost-resistant grape variety on your backyard and get a large harvest of tasty, juicy berries, let’s figure it out further.
To grow Zilga grapes on your own, acquaintance with the culture must begin with a description of the variety:
- The vine grows and develops rapidly, during the growing season it grows more than 2 meters.
- Strong, powerful shoots have a greenish-burgundy color.
- The leaf plates are large, dark emerald, shaped like a maple leaf.
- The variety is capable of self-pollination..
- During the flowering period, cluster-like inflorescences with small flowers appear on the plant, in the place of which fruit ovary occurs.
- In the process of fruit ripening, the brushes acquire a cylindrical contour..
- Ripe berries are covered with a dark blue, dense rind with a thick waxy bloom
- The pulp is light, juicy, with a high sugar content and a pleasant strawberry aftertaste.
Due to their rapid growth and development, grape vines can serve as an excellent decoration for gazebos, structures of fences and fences..
The Zilga grape variety is unpretentious to growing conditions. The culture is characterized by excellent winter hardiness, tolerates frosts down to -35 degrees, it is recommended for cultivation in northern latitudes.
The culture prefers neutral, fertile soil. The site for planting is chosen sunny, protected from strong winds and drafts..
Before growing aromatic Zilga grapes, you need to familiarize yourself with the advantages and possible disadvantages of the variety..
- yield, up to 12 kg of ripe brushes are obtained from each bush;
- fast maturation;
- resistance to low temperatures;
- universal use of berries;
- natural immunity to diseases and harmful insects.
Also, the advantages of culture include unpretentiousness to growing conditions and care. Of the shortcomings, the presence of a thick skin and an unusual taste of ripe berries are noted..
How to plant the Zilga grape variety
The site for planting a culture is prepared in advance:
- The soil is dug up, thoroughly loosened, mixed with organic and mineral substances.
- In the prepared area, planting holes are dug up to a depth of 60 cm.
- The distance between plantings is maintained up to 3 m, between rows up to 1.5 m.
- A drainage layer and fertile soil are laid out at the bottom of the planting pit..
If planting activities are planned for the spring, preparatory work is carried out in the fall..
Before planting in open ground, grape seedlings are placed in a container with warm water, then the rhizomes are treated with a manganese solution and a growth stimulator:
- Place one plant at a time in the prepared holes, gently spreading the roots and sprinkling them with earth, leaving no voids between the rhizome and the soil.
- Next, the plantings are plentifully watered with settled water heated in the sun..
- The soil around the plant is mulched with wet sawdust, straw or humus.
After the end of the work, supporting structures in the form of arches or trellises are built over the plantings..
Zilga grapes, planting and caring for which is quite simple, requires timely watering, feeding and work on pruning bushes.
Abundant watering is required for the vine at the beginning of the growing season. After the formation and in the process of ripening of the fruits, irrigation measures are minimized. An increase in the amount of watering is permissible during a prolonged drought..
Also, the culture needs additional nutrition. At the beginning of spring, organic matter is added to the soil. Such an event will allow the plant to painlessly adapt after winter rest and build up green mass..
During the period of flowering and the formation of ovaries, the vine requires mineral fertilizing based on phosphorus and potassium.
Grapes of this variety do not require special preparation for winter. In late autumn, the soil is abundantly moistened and mulched with a thick layer of spruce branches, dry grass or peat.
Due to the rapid growth and development, the grapes of this variety need timely pruning. The works are carried out in early spring and autumn. Young shoots are left untouched, because it is on them that the bulk of the crop ripens. Old, broken, damaged and damaged branches are subject to pruning..
During the growing season, this variety grows rapidly, which interferes with the maturation of the main vine. Therefore, it is recommended to remove unnecessary branches and shoots..
The Zilga grape variety is resistant to fungal infections, and due to its thick skin it is not attacked by wasps. And proper care lowers the risk of developing other diseases and attacks of harmful insects..
To protect the plants from trouble, the bushes are annually treated with preparations based on insecticides and fungicides..
Harvesting and application of the crop
Ripening of grapes occurs 3.5 months after flowering. Brushes with berries are carefully cut and folded into a prepared container. The variety is not prone to fruit dropping. Ripe berries left on the branch become juicier and sweeter. In warm, dry weather, the fruits become delicious raisins under the influence of sunlight..
The Zilga grape, although it belongs to the technical varieties of the crop, is characterized by universal use. Berries can be eaten fresh, made from them juices, compotes, preparations, wines and liqueurs. In industrial volumes, grapes of this variety are grown for the production of wines..