Sweet cherry Lyubimitsa Astakhova is resistant to diseases and pests
Cherry Lyubimitsa Astakhova belongs to varieties bred specifically for cultivation in the northern regions. The main goal for the researchers was to develop a variety that will be adapted to low temperatures, resistant to various garden diseases and pests, and at the same time will not be inferior to other varieties in taste..
Astakhov’s favorite is a sweet cherry obtained as a result of the fruitful work of the employees of the Bryansk Breeding Institute Kanshina M.V. and Venyaminov A.N. The specialist gave the name to the northern variety in honor of her husband Astakhov A.I. their progenitors have only positive qualities: resistance to frost, high taste of fruits and abundant harvests. After long trials, Astakhova’s Lyubimitsa was entered into the State Register in 2011.
Description of the variety
Sweet cherry Lyubimitsa Astakhova is a medium-sized fruit tree, the height of which ranges from 4 to 4.5 meters. The medium thickened crown is rather spreading and has a round or oval shape. The bark of an adult tree is dark gray and has a tendency to peel off..
Shoots have a large number of dark green leaves. Epileptic matte leaves serrated along the edges.
During flowering, the entire crown is covered with white inflorescences of 3-4 flowers, later tasty berries form in their place.
Features of cherries varieties Lyubimitsa Astakhova:
- The berries of this variety are medium-sized sweet cherries, their weight ranges from 5 to 8 grams. With proper agrotechnical care and ideal weather conditions, even larger specimens can be found. They resemble an oval shape. When fully ripe, they separate from the stalk very easily..
- The fleshy pulp is juicy and firm enough, colored in a rich burgundy color. In mature hearths, the bone is very easily detached..
- At the very beginning of ripening, the thin skin acquires a dark red hue, and by the time of full ripening it turns into a rich black-burgundy color. In the sun, the smooth glossy skin shines a little.
- The tasting score of taste is very high, it varies from 4.5 to 5 points out of 5 possible. The pulp tastes very sweet and does not change its taste depending on the region of cultivation. Juice has 12.5% sugar.
The use of berries is universal. They are great both fresh and processed. Compotes, preserves and jams are made from them. Suitable for making liqueurs.
Fruiting and storage conditions
Cherry berries Astakhov’s favorite can be enjoyed for 4-5 years after planting seedlings. The variety belongs to varieties with medium late ripening of fruits. Abundant flowering begins in May, and the berries ripen in the second decade of July. A tree of this variety bears fruit annually and gives stable yields of up to 10-15 kg from one adult tree.
Due to the elastic pulp, transportation for this variety is permissible. But the presentation of the berries remains for 3-4 days, which is why you should not delay their processing.
Ripe cherries can be stored in the refrigerator, in this case the shelf life will increase significantly.
It is recommended to wash cherries just before consumption or processing. Otherwise, they will quickly deteriorate..
It cannot be said that this variety is self-fertile. Lonely trees can produce crops, but there are very few of them. Suitable pollinating varieties are: Ovstuzhenka, Malysh, Krasnaya Gorka, Tyutchevka, Revna and a number of other varieties. Gardeners have noticed that the presence of two or more pollinating trees in the garden significantly increases the amount of the crop. Quite often, those who like to grow Astakhov’s Favorite plant the tree with cuttings of pollinating varieties.
Pollinating trees are not recommended to be planted closer than 7 meters to this variety..
Advantages and disadvantages
The hybrid variety took a lot of advantages from its progenitors. And despite the fact that in our regions the tree has been cultivated not so long ago.
Gardeners loved him for his positive characteristics, which include:
- high frost resistance;
- unpretentiousness to agrotechnical care;
- annual fruiting;
- high productivity;
- gastronomic taste of berries;
- resistance to garden diseases.
The disadvantages include only the demand for the presence of pollinating trees..
Planting and caring for cherries
In order to get good, healthy trees from seedlings, it is necessary to comply with a number of requirements..
It is better to plant young trees in late spring, when the threat of frost is zero. In the fall, it is better not to cultivate Astakhov’s favorite, since the seedlings can die from winter frosts.
On the site, the optimal place for planting cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova will be a sunny site, protected from wind and drafts.
Young trees during the first two months need to be watered once a week, then as needed.
They begin to feed the plant in the second year, this is carried out in 3 stages: in early spring, then during flowering and in autumn. As a top dressing, nitrogenous substances, humus and complex fertilizers are used, which can be purchased in specialized stores..
Saplings, for 3-4 years, are sheltered from frost for the winter.