High-yielding “guest” from France pear Abbot Fetel
Pear Abbot Fetel is one of the most famous French autumn varieties. For more than 150 years, it has been popular among European gardeners for its combination of ease of growing, good frost resistance, consistently high yields and excellent sweet taste. Ease of care and quick adaptation to any climatic conditions make the Abbot Fetel pear a good choice for novice gardeners..
Main characteristics and description of the variety
Pear Abbot Fetel, bred in 1869, was named after its creator, the French abbot Fetel. This variety quickly gained popularity not only in its native France, but also in other southern countries – Italy, Spain. Here it is grown not only on personal plots, but also on an industrial scale..
Features of the variety:
- Medium-sized tree, no more than 3-5 m in height.
- The root system is branched, can reach up to 7-8 m in depth.
- The crown is wide-pyramidal, densely covered with foliage. Branches with gray bark are angled upward relative to the trunk.
- The leaf plates are large, oval, light green in color.
- The first crop can be harvested 4-45 years after planting the seedlings. One tree can bear fruit for up to 20 years.
- The fruits ripen in the second half of August or early September..
- Fruits are large and oblong, weighing up to 200-380 g. Covered with a thin, slightly rough skin of a greenish-yellow color.
- The pulp is snow-white or slightly creamy, juicy and sweet.
Due to its high winter hardiness, the Abbot Fetel pear tolerates a drop in air temperature to -18 ° C, which allows it to be grown in all regions of Russia. But in severe frosts, the tree needs additional insulation..
Pear Abbot Fetel – advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Before growing a pear, Abbot Fetel, a gardener needs to consider the main advantages and disadvantages of the French variety..
Pros of the variety:
- no need for pollinators due to self-pollination;
- high resistance to scab, rot, bacterial cancer and other common diseases;
- consistently high yield;
- excellent taste of fruits;
- good keeping quality of the harvested crop – with proper storage up to 10-12 weeks;
- preservation of taste and marketability during long-term transportation;
- pleasant, sweet taste of fruits without astringency.
But the popular variety also has its downsides. The main disadvantage of the Abbot Fetel pear is its insufficiently high frost resistance. When the air temperature drops to -18 ° C, the tree requires additional insulation, otherwise its trunk is damaged, and the yield decreases.
Pear growing technology Abbot Fetel
The correct technology for planting pears is the key to its active growth and obtaining a generous harvest of tasty, large fruits. For planting, it is best to use Abbot Fetel pear seedlings at least 1-1.5 years old, preferably with a closed root system.
You can start planting a tree twice a year – in early spring or in autumn, before the first frost. For a pear, it is advisable to choose areas with fertile, breathable soil with medium or neutral acidity..
Sapling planting scheme:
- Each tree will require an area of at least 8-10 square meters. When planting several seedlings, leave a distance of 4-6 m between them..
- Prepare planting holes with a depth and diameter of 80-100 cm.
- Pour garden soil at the bottom of the hole and form a small mound of it..
- Drive a wooden stake next to the hole, since under the weight of large fruits, pear branches require a garter.
- Dip the seedling into the hole, on a mound and gently spread its roots, being careful not to damage.
- Make sure that the root collar of the seedling is located above the ground.
- Cover the hole with garden soil.
After planting, tamp the soil around the pear, dig a small groove and fill it with water. Cover the tree trunk with compost, grass cuttings, fallen leaves, or other organic material.
Care rules for a good harvest
The pear of the Abbot Fetel variety is not picky in care and gives high yields, while observing the standard rules of agricultural technology:
- During the first 1-2 months after planting, a young tree should be watered 2 times a week, using 10 liters of water for each. An adult pear does not require frequent watering, it is enough to moisten it as the soil dries.
- In the spring, the pear is fed with complex or organic fertilizers based on nitrogen – nitrate, urea, superphosphate, infusion of bird droppings or mullein.
- The variety is able to form a crown on its own, therefore it only needs sanitary pruning. All frozen, dry, diseased and damaged shoots must be removed..
Pear Abbot Fetel – one of the best representatives of the French selection. This variety enjoys well-deserved popularity due to its combination of ease of cultivation, strong immunity, high yield and impeccable taste of large and aromatic fruits..