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Plant unusual black Kumato tomatoes in your garden beds

tomato kumato

Black tomatoes have long ceased to be considered exotic among Russian gardeners. But Kumato tomatoes stand out even among them, first of all, for their good taste, resistance to unfavorable factors, and attractive appearance. And the origin of the Dutch cultivar is curious: it was bred by pollination of wild tomatoes brought from the Galapagos Islands by cultivars.

Description and characteristics

There is no variety in the State Register. It is grown in greenhouses throughout Russia and neighboring countries. Planting in open ground is not recommended – it is difficult to form Kumato tomatoes there, you need to tie them to a trellis. But, even if gardeners are not afraid of the prospect of additional work, it makes sense to grow a variety in unprotected beds only in the southern regions due to the medium late ripening period..

What a bush looks like

bushes tomato Kumato

Kumato tomatoes form an indeterminate bush, the growth of which in greenhouses is limited at a height of about 1.8-2 m, after the extension of 7-8 fruit clusters. The shoots of the variety are strong, thick, pubescent, sometimes they are called liana-like, but this is wrong.

Leaves are dark green, with widely spaced, small, wrinkled lobes without bristles. Ripening tomato plates do not shade.

The first fruit cluster of Kumato tomatoes appears, as in all indeterminate varieties, above the 9th leaf. But the rest – through 1-2 internodes, which favorably distinguishes the cultivar from other tomatoes with unlimited growth force.

When describing Kumato, they always indicate a powerful root system, although this is characteristic of the culture as a whole. But in ordinary varieties of tomatoes, the underground part becomes highly developed with rare watering..

Kumato, on the other hand, spreads the roots half a meter in breadth even with normal irrigation, which must be taken into account when planting.

Fruit characteristics

brush tomato Kumato

Kumato tomatoes are collected in simple clusters of 6-8 pieces. Although many sources indicate that the average weight of fruits reaches 100-150 cm.

Such a mass can be achieved only by keeping a bush in 1 stem (2-3 is recommended) or rationing of ovaries:

  • pinch the tip of the brush;
  • 2-3 tomatoes are left on the fruit branch;
  • the total number of brushes on the shoot do not change or decrease.

Characteristics of Kumato Tomato Fruit:

  • aligned;
  • rounded or slightly elongated;
  • the surface is smooth, without ribs;
  • color – dark brown;
  • sweet;
  • juicy;
  • taste with fruity notes;
  • high in anthocyanins;
  • weight – 80 g;
  • the peel is thin, tender;
  • average fruit diameter – 5.5 cm;
  • purpose – for fresh consumption.

cut Kumato tomatoes

If desired, you can make a delicious sweet tomato juice or paste from Kumato tomatoes. But for whole-fruit canning, the variety is not suitable – a thin peel bursts during heat treatment.

Black Kumato tomatoes are rich in anthocyanins, which have antioxidant and anti-aging properties. But should be eaten with caution by allergy sufferers.

Productivity and fruiting of the Kumato tomato variety

tomato yield

Seed packages usually indicate that the variety matures in the middle. But it is rather late, since the first colored fruits are harvested 115-120 days after germination..

There is information that ripeness occurs on 105-110 days. This is obviously due to the fact that black-fruited tomatoes become quite edible before the onset of consumer maturity. For example, many believe that Black Truffle is even tastier when not fully ripe..

The yield of Kumato tomatoes in the greenhouse is:

  • about 7-8 kg per bush;
  • up to 15 kg per sq. m.

If you collect seeds for seedlings yourself, the harvest from the bush will drop to 2.5 kg..

How to Grow Kumato Tomatoes

growing tomato

Growing seedlings, planting and care is little different from ordinary varieties.

Black-fruited Kumato even stands out favorably among other indeterminate tomatoes by its greater resistance to adverse factors, non-capricious character:

  • withstands short-term drought without losing the commercial and consumer qualities of the fruits;
  • less susceptible to most pests and crop diseases.

tomato seedlings

The bushes are planted in a greenhouse when the soil outside warms up to at least 10 ° C. Per 1 sq. m place 3 plants.


  • into the hole;
  • 10-14 days after landing;
  • when a second flower brush appears;
  • when the fruits are set in large quantities.

In the extended spring-summer turnover, one more top dressing will have to be done, otherwise the quality of the fruits will sharply decrease.

Tomato Kumato is led in 2-3 trunks, the rest of the stepsons are removed. They must be tied up. Leaves are removed under the brushes that have begun to pour. The shaping is carried out approximately 45 days before the expected end of the season..

Although the Kumato variety is considered drought-resistant, this means that the bushes can be planted in the country, where the owners come on weekends, and not that it is not necessary to water the plants. It is better if irrigation is uniform.

Kumato tomatoes, their advantages and disadvantages

tomatoes ripen

The main advantages of the variety are chocolate-colored fruits and excellent taste. But it also has other advantages:

  • high productivity;
  • resistance to pests and diseases;
  • one-dimensionality of fruits;
  • convenient size;
  • attractive appearance;
  • marketability;
  • thin rind.

The high content of anthocyanins, on the one hand, makes tomatoes healthier, on the other hand, it is more likely to cause tomato allergies..

juicy tasty fruits

The disadvantages of the variety include:

  • the bush must be kept in 2-3 stems, which is much more difficult than the formation of 1 trunk;
  • the plant will not do without a garter;
  • the yield of Kumato tomatoes grown from their own seeds drops by 2.5 times.

The uneven coloration common to black tomatoes is more common when the local firm is not just packing but producing the seeds. All rights to the brand belong to the Dutch company Syngenta.

Kumato is one of the best black tomato varieties. The fruit is sweet, high in anthocyanins, thin skin and fruity aroma. The plant is indeterminate, gives a high yield, has a complex resistance to pests and diseases.

We taste Kumato tomatoes from our garden – video

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